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Give an account of the most significant theoretical issues which underpin the practice of counseling and use examples of how these issues can be addressed through counselling.

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´╗┐Student Number 25067128 Student Name: Nana Yaa N. Asante Group 1 Unit Title: Understanding Counselling Theories Tutor Name: Charlene Greenfield. Task 1.1. Short Essay: Give an account of the most significant theoretical issues which underpin the practice of counseling and use examples of how these issues can be addressed through counselling. Through this draft, I am going to define counselling and through examples, show how issues can be addressed via counselling. According to Feltham (1995), counselling is a form of help for people who need it. It involves two or more people discussing a problem or concerns that one of them has and the other is willing to listen to. Feltham (1995) went on to say that ?counseling is a context of personal management, for example, can still carry the meaning of interviewing in relation to disciplinary procedures where the willingness of the ?counsellor? to be a listener may be very limited?. Counselling is a type of talking therapy used in many ways to address psychological, emotional and other human predicaments depending on the nature of the problem. Usually people go to a counsellor to address problems they find beyond their own personal ken. Mostly, the problems under discussion are of intimate nature and thus confidentiality and trust are required to conduct counselling sessions. Through these sessions, people are usually able to overcome their innermost fears thus enabling them to live a problem free life and change old habits for the better ones. Counseling may be helpful in treating the following conditions: Stress Bereavement or grief Anger management Depression Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia Drug misuse Marital problems. Long term ailments. Task 1.2. Examples of how these issues can be addressed through counseling are: Marriage problems: Marriage counseling addresses marital problems that individuals face in their marriage. Indeed the connubial predicaments can be daunting and thus to overcome marital problems require marriage counselling; sessions that can guide a person towards a happy life. ...read more.


Asking for help can seem like the last resort. However, most people do find that it is a great relief to share how things are going, or how they are feeling. Therapy can then be useful in helping to make sense of what is happening. Some people tend to minimize their own problems, but everyone is unique, so whatever is troubling you is considered important in therapy. We all deserve extra help at times. There are lots of different labels that therapists use to describe what they do and the methods that they use. Two of the main headings are ?Humanistic? and ?Psychodynamic?. These might sound a bit off-putting! Jargon isn?t always helpful, but I will explain a little: The humanistic approach is about facilitating a process of self-discovery and growth. It sees people as having an innate potential for this, and aims to help people in their own journey. Psychodynamics is about understanding how we relate to each other and the world, not just on the conscious level but on the unconscious level as well. In psychodynamic therapy, feelings hidden deep inside us are believed to influence how we behave, and how we relate to ourselves and to others. Quite often, some of these ways can get ?played out? in the therapy. This type of transference can be used to help explore what normally goes on for a person in their relationships. Once such things are brought into consciousness, they tend to lose some of their grip, and it can become more possible for change to take place. Task 4.1 The major contributors to these perspectives are Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers. Freud created psychotherapy and psychodynamics at the start of the 20th century whereas Carl Rogers developed the person centered therapy during the 1960?s as a cultural emphasis on emancipation from tradition and exploration of new ideas and attitudes. One problem in comparing these two approaches lays in the fact that they make rather different kinds of contribution to counselling and they cannot be compared. ...read more.


Currently, we have medications for opioids (heroin, morphine), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol addiction and are developing others for treating stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) addiction. Most people with severe addiction problems, however, are poly drug users (users of more than one drug) and will require treatment for all of the substances that they abuse. Behavioral Treatments; Behavioral treatments help patients engage in the treatment process, modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug abuse, and increase healthy life skills. These treatments can also enhance the effectiveness of medications and help people stay in treatment longer. Treatment for drug abuse and addiction can be delivered in many different settings using a variety of behavioral approaches. Outpatient behavioral treatment encompasses a wide variety of programs for patients who visit a clinic at regular intervals. Most of the programs involve individual or group drug counseling. Some programs also offer other forms of behavioral treatment such as: Residential treatment programs can also be very effective, especially for those with more severe problems. For example, therapeutic communities (TCs) are highly structured programs in which patients remain at a residence, typically for 6 to 12 months. TCs differ from other treatment approaches principally in their use of the community treatment staff and those in recovery as a key agent of change to influence patient attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors associated with drug use. Patients in TCs may include those with relatively long histories of drug addiction, involvement in serious criminal activities, and seriously impaired social functioning. TCs are now also being designed to accommodate the needs of women who are pregnant or have children. The focus of the TC is on the re-socialization of the patient to a drug-free, crime?free lifestyle. Task 5.2 prepare a five minute presentation on the chosen topic. Drug addiction is a big issue among people of all ages; seek early help to prevent it. It is possible for one to overcome the problem of addiction with the help of a counsellor. As you have a one to one section with the client you are able to help them in these ways. Thanks for listening. ...read more.

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