• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Health Locus of Control (HLC) is the degree to which individuals believe that their health is controlled by internal or external Factors.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Health Locus Of Control 1. Name of Theory: Health Locus of Control 2. Originators and Professional Background: Kenneth A. Wallston, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology, School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University. Barbara S. Wallston. Ph.D., was Associate Professor and Chair of Psychology at George Peabody College. Gordon D. Kaplan. Ph.D. and Shirley A. Maides. Ph.D. were co-developers of the unidimensional health locus of control, at Vanderbilt University. 3. Approximate Year of Origin: In 1976, the first health related locus of control measure was developed by Wallston, Wallston, Kaplan and Maides. 4. Theory Development: The construct of Health Locus of Control was derived from the Social Learning Theory developed by Rotter in 1966. The Social Learning Theory states that an individual learns on the basis of his of her history of reinforcement. The individual will develop general and specific expectancies. Through a learning process individuals will develop the belief that certain outcomes are a result of their action (internals) or a result of other forces independent of themselves (externals). From the social learning theory Rotter developed the Locus of Control Construct, consisting of an Internal External rating scale. Wallston, Wallston, Kaplan and Maides recognized that there was difficulty in predicting health behavior specifically from generalized expectancy measures such as Rotter's I-E scale. ...read more.

Middle

The Health Locus of Control scale was developed as a unidimensional measure of people's beliefs that their health is or is not determined by their own behavior. Increasing numbers of investigators are turning to the health locus of control measure as the preferred alternative for studying health and sick-role behaviors. Using health locus of control scales to measure health related locus of control is used to evaluate health education program success. For evaluative purposes, changes in beliefs or expectancies are only relevant if accompanied by desired behavioral change. Expectancy data, such as provided by health locus of control scales, will add to the understanding of the change or lack of change in behaviors. The Health Locus of Control scale is recommended in conjunction with behavioral measures to evaluate health education programs. Since it is true that internal's appear more likely to engage in positive health and sick-role behaviors, it is apparent that the Health Locus of Control emphasizes the importance of the health educators need to involve themselves in training patients to hold more internal beliefs. Thus many health education programs, which do not label themselves as internality training, still emphasize patient responsibility and internal beliefs. ...read more.

Conclusion

Chance HLC (CHLC) measures the extent to which one believes that health illness is a matter of fate. luck or chance. 7. Key Terms: Social Learning Theory - the potential for behavior to occur in any specific psychological situation is a function of the expectancy that the behavior will lead to a particular reinforcement in that situation and the value of that reinforcement Health Locus of Control - degree to which individuals believe that their health is controlled by internal or external factors External - belief that one's outcome is under the control of powerful others or is determined by fate, luck or chance Internal - belief that ones outcome is directly the result of ones behavior 8. References: Lau, R.R. (1982). Origins of health locus of control beliefs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 42. (2). 322-334. Wallston, B.S., & Wallston. K.A. (1978). Locus of control and health: A review of the literature. Health Education Monographs, Spring, 107-117. Wallston, K.A., & Wallston. B.S. 1981). Health locus of control scales. In H. Lefcourt (Ed.). Research with the locus of control construct: Vol.1 (pp.189-243). New York. NY: Academic Press. Wallston, K.A., Wallston B.S., & DeVellis, R. (1978). Development of the multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scales. Health Education Monographs, 6(2). 160-170. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Reflection on Interprofessional Learning

    It was agreed to meet up as a group in our own time to discuss the task and decide on the direction we would take. I found from our first meeting that I had the role of 'shaper' in the team.

  2. The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of ...

    may have been influenced by the 31% of owners who regularly ate a main meal in the on-site restaurant at their residence. This may also have influenced the healthier eating patterns seen in the least deprived areas, as only participants in areas 3 and 4 had access to an on-site restaurant (Figure 3.18).

  1. Communicating in Health and Social Care.

    Gemma - yeah that's OK. (Looking at her feet) Me - do you like school at the moment? Gemma - (half-heartedly) well its all right I suppose, I liked the school I used to go to, but we all had to leave cause we were to old.

  2. The control of gonorrhoea infection.

    Only 21% of the black attendees reported consistent condom use, compared with 43% of the white attendees. In addition, sexual partners are likely to belong to the same ethnic group, which, if practising unsafe sex, is likely to result in a concentration of infection among that group.

  1. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    Schuckit (2008) states that because alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, people who consume large quantities of alcohol frequently experience blackouts or acute retrograde amnesia during periods of intoxication and should be viewed as an important warning sign of problem drinking whilst Goodwin (1995)

  2. The Effectiveness of Brief Interventions in Reducing Binge

    In addition to social status and gender issues, physical availability and affordability also contribute to the level of alcohol consumption among people in the community. In the UK, a popular conception is that binge drinking is fuelled, if not largely caused, by heavy discounting.

  1. Ethnicity & Health

    ; And working class black men are three times more likely to commit suicide and old people are less likely to receive some health care services...". Acheson, D, 1998, Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report, London: The Stationery Office.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    Research studies that utilised experimental, survey and observational methodologies and confining to the research question were included for synthesising effective information. The pre-established exclusion criteria for the present study-irrelevant study design, longer study periods, different research aims, interventions and outcomes were used to filter the study collection.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work