• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Health Locus of Control (HLC) is the degree to which individuals believe that their health is controlled by internal or external Factors.

Extracts from this document...


Health Locus Of Control 1. Name of Theory: Health Locus of Control 2. Originators and Professional Background: Kenneth A. Wallston, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology, School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University. Barbara S. Wallston. Ph.D., was Associate Professor and Chair of Psychology at George Peabody College. Gordon D. Kaplan. Ph.D. and Shirley A. Maides. Ph.D. were co-developers of the unidimensional health locus of control, at Vanderbilt University. 3. Approximate Year of Origin: In 1976, the first health related locus of control measure was developed by Wallston, Wallston, Kaplan and Maides. 4. Theory Development: The construct of Health Locus of Control was derived from the Social Learning Theory developed by Rotter in 1966. The Social Learning Theory states that an individual learns on the basis of his of her history of reinforcement. The individual will develop general and specific expectancies. Through a learning process individuals will develop the belief that certain outcomes are a result of their action (internals) or a result of other forces independent of themselves (externals). From the social learning theory Rotter developed the Locus of Control Construct, consisting of an Internal External rating scale. Wallston, Wallston, Kaplan and Maides recognized that there was difficulty in predicting health behavior specifically from generalized expectancy measures such as Rotter's I-E scale. ...read more.


The Health Locus of Control scale was developed as a unidimensional measure of people's beliefs that their health is or is not determined by their own behavior. Increasing numbers of investigators are turning to the health locus of control measure as the preferred alternative for studying health and sick-role behaviors. Using health locus of control scales to measure health related locus of control is used to evaluate health education program success. For evaluative purposes, changes in beliefs or expectancies are only relevant if accompanied by desired behavioral change. Expectancy data, such as provided by health locus of control scales, will add to the understanding of the change or lack of change in behaviors. The Health Locus of Control scale is recommended in conjunction with behavioral measures to evaluate health education programs. Since it is true that internal's appear more likely to engage in positive health and sick-role behaviors, it is apparent that the Health Locus of Control emphasizes the importance of the health educators need to involve themselves in training patients to hold more internal beliefs. Thus many health education programs, which do not label themselves as internality training, still emphasize patient responsibility and internal beliefs. ...read more.


Chance HLC (CHLC) measures the extent to which one believes that health illness is a matter of fate. luck or chance. 7. Key Terms: Social Learning Theory - the potential for behavior to occur in any specific psychological situation is a function of the expectancy that the behavior will lead to a particular reinforcement in that situation and the value of that reinforcement Health Locus of Control - degree to which individuals believe that their health is controlled by internal or external factors External - belief that one's outcome is under the control of powerful others or is determined by fate, luck or chance Internal - belief that ones outcome is directly the result of ones behavior 8. References: Lau, R.R. (1982). Origins of health locus of control beliefs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 42. (2). 322-334. Wallston, B.S., & Wallston. K.A. (1978). Locus of control and health: A review of the literature. Health Education Monographs, Spring, 107-117. Wallston, K.A., & Wallston. B.S. 1981). Health locus of control scales. In H. Lefcourt (Ed.). Research with the locus of control construct: Vol.1 (pp.189-243). New York. NY: Academic Press. Wallston, K.A., Wallston B.S., & DeVellis, R. (1978). Development of the multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scales. Health Education Monographs, 6(2). 160-170. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Reflection on Interprofessional Learning

    They also argued that an effectively functioning team integrates group effort, complementary competence and skills with the identified goals. I believe that communication and decision-making are the core skills and attitudes needed for professionals to collaborate interprofessionally and this was not happening with my team.

  2. The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of ...

    having to buy large amounts of shopping, spending less money on utilities for meal preparation and less food wastage, as it is difficult to purchase portion sizes for one. The NDNS of people aged 65 and over showed that older people often rely on friends and family to do their shopping (Finch, 1998).

  1. Communicating in Health and Social Care.

    Me - do you miss your friends from your old school? Gemma - yeah I guess, we did use to have loads of fun. Me - that's sounds good, what did you do? Gemma - we played lots of games and stuff, the best game was chase, I was best at it.

  2. The control of gonorrhoea infection.

    Perhaps another reason for the particularly high incidence is the existence in large cities of a core group of highly sexually active persons who form a cluster within which infection persists through the re-infection of other members of the group.13 However, infection may also persist amongst those individuals who do

  1. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    but then it turned into a negative as when things started going wrong in his marriage he started drinking again. The health belief model was developed initially by Rosenstock in 1966 and further by Becker, it is a useful framework to predict preventative health behaviours and also the behavioural response to treatment in acutely and chronically ill patients (Ogden 2007).

  2. The Effectiveness of Brief Interventions in Reducing Binge

    It is explained that the social consequences of alcohol based on changes subjectively or objectively attributable to alcohol, occurring in individual social behavior affects social interaction or the social environment. Thus, society is placed at greater risk of undesirable behavior from people consuming alcohol in excessive amounts.

  1. Ethnicity & Health

    ; And working class black men are three times more likely to commit suicide and old people are less likely to receive some health care services...". Acheson, D, 1998, Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report, London: The Stationery Office.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    * Controlling and keeping in place the functional independence and * Increasing freedom and independence to enjoy and increase the quality of life. Achieving the above mentioned targets necessitates individuals to consider the best ways of implementing the best ways of patient education measures.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work