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  • Marked by Teachers essays 22
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    By what stages did the state begin to take over responsibility for public health between 1848 and 1875.

    3 star(s)

    The 1848 Public Health Act was permissive because it only applied where people wanted it or where there was no opposition to it due to cost. Where conditions were very poor, people began to feel desperate for any cure and would then agree to it. It was only implemented in some towns, little by little, the public were initially suspicious and wary of it, but once seen the benefits by the improvement and wary of it, but once seen the benefits by the improvement of public health, they would then push for it to be implemented in their own towns and cities.

    • Word count: 914
  2. Free essay

    Plastic surgery report. One of the contributions to the popularity of plastic surgery has been the advancements in technology and procedures.

    The first, which not only operate but also record their activity is Sushruta Samhita (Sushruta Samhita). The manipulation hasn't changed a lot over the last 3 000 years. His method was to pay part of the skin of the forehead and cheeks and carefully stretch it over the missing part of the nose. Subjected bamboo sticks instead of his nostrils. Over time the skin is stretching the edges and the nose heal. After World War II the plastic surgery was established as an independent specialty and it wasn't experimental anymore. And the rapid development leeks reached the 60's, 70's and 80's of 20th century, are now called "the golden age of plastic surgery.

    • Word count: 838
  3. Free essay

    Radiographic Imaging. The X-ray examination this assignment will critique is that of the Chest; chosen because it appears to be the most common procedure performed within X-ray departments.

    If the patient is supine, pleural fluid is evenly distributed along the posterior pleural space and can't be detected". The exposure factors for both of these techniques are as follows: Position kV mAs AP/PA 125 1.00 Lateral grid 117 12.5 A kV value of 125, for the AP/PA projection, is used because the image produced requires a low contrast for a quality diagnostic image. The x-ray beam becomes more energetic with higher voltage settings; thus the more energetic the "less effect the different levels of tissue density will have in attenuating the beam" (http://www.e-radiography.net). A chest x-ray has extreme tissues types to consider; ranging from high density bone to very low density air within the lungs. Fraser et al.

    • Word count: 919
  4. The US Health Care System. Most governments in the developed countries have taken the responsibility of ensuring affordable health care for their citizens. In order for efficiency and effectiveness in delivery, health care has been categorized into chron

    Operation of healthcare The number of trained medical practitioners in an economy determines the level of health care available to the population. Although research demographics would categorize countries according to the proportion of individuals per doctor, the current delivery of health care is a result of trained practitioners coming together in the industry. Other sectors that are active participants in ensuring delivery of health care to individual citizens are pharmacies, hospitals, health care equipment, and services companies (Broyles & Narine, 941-967).

    • Word count: 547
  5. Audit of two week wait for breast cancer in Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust

    with a unilateral firm subareolar mass with or without nipple distortion or associated skin changes * Nipple changes - ulceration, skin nodule, skin distortion, nipple eczema, nipple retraction or distortion of recent onset (< 3 months) * Patients of any age with single duct or bloodstained nipple discharge, all women over 50 with nipple discharge. Following the 1999 implementation of the "two week wait" initiative for Breast Cancer, concerns have been expressed on the number of breast cancers which came through the routine referral route as some studies have suggested that almost a third of cancers in a referral population have not come through the rapid referral service.

    • Word count: 752
  6. Personality Development Paper. Physical therapists and health care providers from other disciplines bring their own cultures (and, unfortunately, biases) to each clinical encounter.

    Culture is one aspect of our experience that makes us similar to some people and different from others. People in all cultures tend to believe that what happens in their culture is always natural and correct. Cross-culture tends to emphasize on Individualistic or Collectivism. Such as the Western culture like the United States are described as individualism and the Eastern culture like China and Japan are described as collectivistic. Individualistic cultures have higher rates than collectivistic cultures of suicide, drug abuse, crime, teenage pregnancy, divorce, child abuse, and mental disorders. Regardless of their cultural background, people need a positive sense of both self and connectedness to others.

    • Word count: 881
  7. The aspect of the Lifespan Development I would like to discuss is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and how it affects our children. I will also discuss the pros and cons of the medical treatment of ADHD, and how ADHD affects children at sc

    Children who are hyperactive show high levels of physical activity, almost always seeming to be in motion. Children who are impulsive have difficulty curbing their reactions and do not do a good job of thinking before they act. It is known that ADHD occurs in boys many times more than girls. Some children are also being diagnosed without the professional evaluation, which is based on input from different sources. "This disorder is usually diagnosed during elementary school, when they have problems with attention or hyperactivity, and impulsivity which will make it difficult for the child to adjust. Even though they show signs earlier, when observed many overactive toddlers do not go on to develop ADHD" (Santrock, 2006).

    • Word count: 936
  8. The Birth of US Medicine's Golden Child. The first title of HIPAA (Title I) was actually passed into law in 1986 and was called The Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Title 1 protects individuals from heavy financial burden by letting them keep their health

    HIPAA has had a wide scale impact on hospitals and medical care in general. The regulatory laws require individuals to fill out forms and provide proof of identification for every visit. Title II also allows the US Department of Health and Human Services to draft legislation that would increase the efficiency of U.S. Healthcare altogether. Besides HIPAA's overall glossiness, there are and have been some notable issues coming from Health Care providers. The one very important issue being that not enough access is given to healthcare providers in order to have accurate patient information.

    • Word count: 988
  9. Free essay

    This assignment will be explaining what medical and social model of health is, the author will then describe the differences between the two models.

    Social model of health is involved with the understanding of social science. In short, the social model of health stresses on the changes that need to be made in a society, motivating individuals to be live healthier. It is also said that health is socially constructed. (Turner, 1995) The medical model of health is linked with the negative definition of health and it also looks at the individual physical body and explains bad health or illness as the presence of disease and it's symptoms as a result of physical causes. For instance accidents or diseases and this model of health don't look at psychological factor as the social model does.

    • Word count: 617
  10. `Why can it be difficult to decide whether or not a person is an informal carer and does it matter? Base your answer on the case of someone you know, or have read about.

    first 25 years of Barry`s life Valerie had looked after him without too much difficulty, accessing day centres three times a week. Things became a little more difficult when her husband passed away. She started to struggle, as now she needed to do daily shopping, pay bills and day to day household chores. Her husband had previously done this for her, giving her the time to devote to their son. Valerie started to struggle and did not know where to turn; the rest of her children now lived away from the area and could not give her the day to day help she needed.

    • Word count: 881
  11. Why can it be difficult to decide whether or not a person is an informal carer and does it matter?

    Labelling Parker and Lawton (1994) (Unit 1, p.16) said informal carers in families perform the following tasks: Taking care of another individuals personal hygiene; household chores; moving people who cannot move without assistance; paperwork; keeping people company; taking people out; giving medicine and keeping people occupied. During the year following Fred's wife's arrival home from hospital, the tasks, as outlined by Parker Lawton, dominated his life. He gave up his employment and stayed at home to care for his wife.

    • Word count: 866
  12. Difference between Medicare and Medicaid

    Families whose income is at least 60 percent in the poverty level they can receive Medicaid. Pregnant mothers qualify for Medicaid because they need immediate assistance in prenatal care. It is also designed for children 0-18 years of age. Medicare assists individuals who are disabled, have kidney problems, need long term care, and are over the age of 65 years old. Medicare has two components. They are Part A and B. Part A is for individuals who need inpatient care, hospitalization and other services in the hospital. Part B is coverage for outpatient care, medical supplies and other needs of disabled individuals. Medicare has progressed since 1945 when it was first created by President Harry Truman.

    • Word count: 949
  13. Insight of Ethics in Health Care

    and Mrs. Schindler decided they would take legal actions to prevent Michael from allowing the doctor to remove her from life support. I chose to elaborate on paternalism and surrogate decision making to exhibit why Terri's husband and parents could not come to an agreement with this whole situation. I will discuss the rights of Michael versus Terri's parents in the context of terminating care. Persistent Vegetative State is a medical term used to describe the process by which patients go into a coma and their brain become unresponsive causing them to never have conscious awareness of their surroundings.

    • Word count: 879
  14. Using European country's describe ageing of Europe's population and outline possible consequences of this demographic change

    Fertility rates are at an unprecedented low, it fell to 1.48 in 2003 below the level needed to replace the population. Less people are having babies due to constraints on family's choices like expensive housing, late access to employment, job instability and lack of incentives. Low fertility rates are also due to the large amount of old people who are unable to produce babies. These are the figures we expect Europe will reach in 2020: The proportion of people in the 16-49 age group will fall slightly -The 50-64 age group will increase by almost

    • Word count: 521
  15. Professional tribalism may be seen as a problem within a complex organisation such as general practice. What may be the problems managers face in developing integrated professional team working?

    The PCHT developed from the Doctors Charter (1966) which incorporated changes to GPs terms of service that encouraged GPs to designate work to suitable staff, and introduced a 70% return for employing a nurse within the practice (Royal College of General Practitioners 1998). However, the rise of the GP Contract, rising workloads and larger practices cemented the theory and practice of teamwork within primary care (Ibid 2003). This text will........ An improvement in patient centred care has long been a nursing tradition.

    • Word count: 771
  16. Why can it be difficult to decise whether or not a person is an informal carer and does it matter?

    I will be looking into my Father Andrew's experience with informal care as my case study. Andrew was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis a few years ago, and his health had severely deteriorated in a matter of months. Unfortunately Andrew could not do much for himself (although encouraged) this led to him having most things done for him. He had formal carers who would come in the morning and evening to help him in and out of bed, wash, dress, and change his colostomy bag. His informal carers (family and friends) also looked after Andrew, and at the time would not have labelled themselves as informal carers.

    • Word count: 779
  17. Maintaining Health And Safety In the Salon

    Safety in the salon All parts of this assessment must be completed satisfactorily considering the demands of industry requirements, Health and Safety at Work ACT, control of Substances Hazardous to Health regulations and Electricity at Work Act. The assignment is in two parts: Task 1 s underpinning knowledge questions Task2 i) and ii) are activities involving research and the production of reports/leaflets/posters Task 1 Knowledge questions Candidate answers should show understanding of the subject and the present answers so hat meaning is clear.

    • Word count: 831
  18. Health and SafetyKey legislations and regulations in sporting environments.

    o To carry out an assessment of any PPE before it is provided. o To keep PPE in good working order. o To store PPE when not in use. o To ensure that PPE is used properly. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 Employers are required to: o Where possible to avoid MHO where there is a risk of injury. o Where it is not possible to avoid MHO, make an assessment based on the factors set out in the schedule to the regulations. 4 factors: task, load, working environment & individual capability.

    • Word count: 734
  19. Why can it be difficult to decide whether or not a person is an informal carer and does it matter?

    It is very hard to take him out, as he has no sense of danger. The help I could get as Harry's carer could definitely improve our way of life from what it is now. However, until now I had no idea I was doing anything other than being a devoted mother to her son. I do, do most of the things that are listed in 'Parker and Lawton's what informal carers do'. (Parker and Lawton, unit 1, p.16). When making a decision about who is or is not an informal carer, there are four complications to consider.

    • Word count: 844
  20. work experience

    I have also been informed that I will be having a 1 hour lunch break. For my citizenship GCSE coursework, I have been assigned to complete a research report based on my two week work experience.

    • Word count: 331
  21. Did Medical care for most people did not change from the start to the end of the Middle Ages?

    These ideas were largely false and thus resulted in patients being treated incorrectly if at all one such example is Guy de Chauliac he was educated at both of these universities he wrote a comprehensive medical textbook and he quoted Galen 890 times. The impact of war had an obvious detrimental effect on medical care, leaders of different countries were constantly being replaced and as opposed to their Arab counterparts the leaders of these countries had little interest in science and furthering their minds.

    • Word count: 735
  22. Health Promotion has practical focus on health and well being

    The concept of health promotion is exceptionally broad and appears to include any attempt to improve health. The term was first introduced in 1974 by the Canadian Minister of Health, Marc Lalonde, who suggested that there where different elements that contributed to the public's health. (Marc Lalonde 1974) believed these to be, human biology (genetics and hereditary factors), lifestyle (personal behaviours that may contribute to health or illness, for example those related to exercise and diet), environment (including both physical and social environment in which people lived and worked), health care organisation (the quality and availability of health services).

    • Word count: 656
  23. Records may differ depending on the needs of the patient or client (NMC 2004). This essay aims to identify different types of records on my placement and discuss their professional and legal implications.

    However, medical notes include records of symptoms, diagnosis and investigations such as X-rays, films and test results as well as past medical history and referral letters. On the other hand, computer held records hold more summarised records of patients which is used by the multidisciplinary team as a tool of communication between them, for example: patients' personal information such as name, address, next of kin contact details, GP details, date and reasons for admission as well as hospital number, date of birth electronic discharge and prescriptions.

    • Word count: 919
  24. Outline how clients gain access to the service provided.

    This is done by calling themselves in person, by telephone, by letter or by application form. An example of this is calling your GP to discuss a health problem then making an appointment at the surgery. * Third-party referral: occurs when people apply for a care service on behalf of another person.

    • Word count: 335
  25. 1) biologistic- reduces illness to natural to natural biological processes- seeks out a single, clearly identifiable pathogen- loses sight of the social context of the disease

    emphasis - seeks to care rather than prevent disease, and is therefore largely reactive in nature Five characteristics of Individualist Health Promotion (IHP) 1) is located at the conservative end of public health continuum - that is, it does not require or advocate significant structural change in society 2) focuses on behavioural patterns and lifestyle factors in order to explain the origins of ill health - that is, it looks upstream form biology, regarding diseases as the end product of the way in which people to lead their lives.

    • Word count: 668
"

"From caring comes courage."

-Lao Tzu

If you're a warm, practical person who has always been interested in protecting the most vulnerable, then a university degree in health care could be a good next step for you. There are a number of specialties to choose from, including cardiac physiology and audiology, or you can opt for a more general degree like Health and Social Care. Health care degrees are vocational in nature, so many will include hands-on experience within the three year structure.

Students of health care should be prepared to write eloquently on a range of issues within health policy and social care, especially for the more theoretically inclined degrees. If you need help with the written portion of your coursework, visit Marked by Teachers' collection of student-submitted essays on subjects allied to medicine. Study the teacher-marked examples, and before you know it, you'll be able to re-shape your own work into something excellent.

Due to the vocational nature of the degree, most graduates from will seek out care jobs, although some may go on to use their skills for roles withinresearch, consulting, teaching and management.

"

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Identify the kinds of information that a frontline manager needs to carry out their role. Discuss some of the issues that they will need to handle to be effective when managing information

    "Conclusion It is clear from working on this assignment and within health and social care that a great deal of a manager's time is taken up with dealing with information. In the course reader (Mintzburg, (2003), p.291) Mintzburg identifies, during a study on this subject, that a chief executive could spend 40% of their time on duties associated with the transmission of information, I feel that this percentage could actually be higher for frontline managers. It is also clear that soft, informal information can be just as important as hard, more formal information and that both are needed to do the job of managing successfully. However, all information can become muddled, can be mismanaged and can be abused. A great deal of power comes with the holding of information and a manager needs to have good ethics in order to deal with information in the correct way. All health and social care workers, at every level also need these good ethics as information can be abused by anyone, not just managers. Health and social care still needs to move forward with regard to information technology and the use of databases but still needs to be mindful of the fact that we work with people rather than machines. We also need to be more forthcoming with regards to training in these areas."

  • Identify a health issue related to module content and discuss its impact on an individual/group from biological, social and psychological perspective. Discuss strategies to overcome the problem.

    "In conclusion it can be seen that alcohol produces a range of biological, psychological and social effects in adolescents. These effects combined with an individual's underlying personality and immediate environment can result in antisocial behaviour. There is clearly a need for more research on the effectiveness of prevention programmes if a national strategy is to be developed. The research into the effectiveness of brief interventions is encouraging and therefore Health Care Professionals should give out appropriate advice to at risk patients whenever possible."

  • Review and discussion of 1993 meeting between the United States President Bill Clinton and Italian Prime Minister Carlo Ciampi to discuss US-Italian cooperation on a variety of domestic and international affairs.

    "In conclusion, the Italian and American Constitutions created provisions limiting authoritative and centralized rule but, also, hindering massive national welfare programs like health care. The nature of limited government makes implementing large welfare overhauls difficult because representative governments open the doors to a variety of different interest groups. Furthermore, the legislative process in such governments creates systems prone to inefficient compromises. Large welfare programs such as national health care are marked by their need to be well organized and planned out, and such compromises too often impede such meticulous arrangements. Other political institutions further cramp the legislative process, like the party systems, lobbying, and regionalism. Simply stated, the nature of health care butts heads with the nature of weak, decentralized governments found in Italy and the United States. Despite their countless historical and cultural differences, Italy and America fall victim to a common enemy when it comes to significant health care reform: themselves. Without changing their institutions that impede comprehensive national welfare program legislation and implementation, meaningful advances to both their health care systems is doomed."

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