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- Marked by Teachers essays 22
The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but many roles and responsibilities. Discuss this statement in the context of entitlements and support for carers.4 star(s)
Everyone has different experiences of caring and carers come from a diversity of differing lifestyles and circumstances. Some carers have a passion to help others and will provide unconditional amounts of care and time not only to their direct family, but also to neighbours, friends and members of the community. However, in some cases, carers feel they have a duty to provide care for the individual because it?s their partner, sibling or parent and can see it as more of a burden. Caring, like many other roles has it advantages and disadvantages. Some carers get a great sense of achievement when the service user responds to them in a positive way.
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Role of Radiography in Modern Imaging Service. The Interventional Radiology; Guidance for Service Delivery (2010) aims to guide local service development of interventional radiology through summarising clinical evidence and by illustrating4 star(s)
Despite the different models of service delivery posed the potential impact on radiology departments are likely to be similar. The Royal College of Radiologists (date) report the need to overcome various barriers to improving interventional radiological departmental services. These include: * Equipment availability * National shortage of radiologists, radiographers and interventional radiology nurses * Current radiology departmental opening times * NHS IT strategy Recent data (see figure 1; appendix 1) illustrates huge percentage increases in imaging examinations and hence workload over the last three years; and whilst there has been a significant improvement in the availability of equipment, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the UK lags behind other European countries in terms of radiology equipment provision (European Society of Radiology 2011).
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The relation between age and fertility. Over time women become less fertile so there is a lower chance of conceiving and higher chances of miscarriage, when they give birth they are more likely to experience difficulties and the born child is more likely4 star(s)
From this time onwards your fertility starts to decrease. (3)According to the Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority, "At 35 you're half as fertile as when you were at 25; at 40 you're half as fertile as when you were 35". Meaning that the time it takes to conceive gets much bigger over a relatively small amount of time. In fact by the time women are in their early 40's or late 30's they may have trouble conceiving at all and become infertile. (3)There are a variety of reasons fertility decreases with the main one being the reduction in ovary function.
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The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a defined community. It will seek to explore socio-economic factors and health issues. The community is a small town in the North of England with a geographical area approx 9 s4 star(s)
which details a five step process. Step one defines who the population is, step two identifies health priorities which then builds a profile about the population group to target and benefit, step three looks at identifying conditions impacting on the community and identifies any gap in service provision which would lead to a proposed change ready for steps four and five, the development and implementation of and action plan and then evaluating its effectiveness (NICE 2005). Due to word constraint, only steps one, two and three will be explored.
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Health promotion. This essay will discuss the definitions of health promotion and empowerment, and how the two are interlinked. I will also be talking about my artefact and which health promotion models have been used to enable the production of my artefa4 star(s)
Cook, R (2000:48) states that this method of distribution is a very beneficial one, as many men are easily embarrassed by this subject and the artefact could help overcome this barrier, as they don't need to ask the information, it is easily accessible. Health promotion is used to raise awareness and educate individuals about the necessity to change their lifestyles. The World Health Organisation (1986) defines health promotion "as the health and well being of the whole population rather than a specific disease, and it enables people to take control over their own health to help to improve it," whilst Naidoo and Willis (2001)
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THE HEALTHY SCHOOLS INITIATIVE AND SCHOOL MEALS REVOLUTION Have school meals changed for the better, and are children aware of the importance of healthy eating as a vital part of daily life?3 star(s)
There are also comparisons made with school meals of generations from the 1940's through to the 1990's, in an attempt to see how the school meals have changed, in nutrition, taste and choice. It would appear that the meals today are well received and children are certainly becoming more educated on the benefits of healthy eating through school programmes, and this study delves into the stories behind the headlines, and attempts to prove that the change in school meals is certainly for the better.
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The purpose of this essay is to carry out an assessment of a patient and present a plan of care of three specific problems that the patient has encountered. The model chosen to guide the care plan is the Roper, Logan and Tierney's Model of Nursing3 star(s)
The rationale for choosing Jane was because I was involved in her care. I also wanted to emphasize on the function of nursing, which is to assist the individual to prevent, alleviate or cope positively with problems (actual and potential) related to activities of living (Roper et al 2000). IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE ROPER-LOGAN TIERNEY MODEL OF NURSING The ward uses the roper, Logan, Tierney (2000) model as its theoretical framework for assessment. The model is applicable to the lifespan of a person from infancy to old age and contains the idea that actual and potential problems can place a person anywhere along a continuum from total dependency to independence.
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WPCT has fourteen general practices, sixteen pharmacies covering both rural and urban areas, twenty dental practices. The WPCT looks after the health care of the population of all parts of the Wokingham area; it works in partnership with the Wokingham district council which is also part of the Thames valley strategic health authority, other Local PCTS and NHS Trusts, Voluntary Organisations and the Bracknell Forest Borough Council. They work in partnership with these organisations to ensure all aspects of health, social and other of the best possible care is available for people within Wokingham.
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However a balanced approach suggests that social work assessments are an art and a science. "Assessment has to partake of scientific theoretical, artistic, ethical and practical elements, something which has long been recognised by practitioners, and regarded as traditional in social work and all the helping profession". (Clifford 1998:233) The purpose of why assessments are undertaken is to reach conclusions that explain, predict and evaluate in order to suggest intervening methods. Therefore they should be focused and factual. It should also be a needs led approach, which looks at what is needed to make a difference rather than looking at what is available.
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Grundy and Arie (in Tinker 1992:161) have suggested that residential care is needed for those who need round-the-clock support and live alone. Current provisions which stem from the 1948 National Assistance Act require local authorities to provide: 'residential accommodation for persons who by reason of age, infirmity or any other circumstances are in need of care which is not otherwise available to them' (CPA, 1996 for full definition see Annex A). Residential care: consist of respite care, short stay and full time residential care.
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(Statutory Instrument cited in Perry A. 1997: 58). But what is health? The1948 WHO definition of health as, "...a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity" (Hogston R, Simpson P. 1999:27) has been openly questioned, as most people who consider themselves 'healthy' would not say they had 'complete' well-being. Many diabetics and asthmatics live 'healthy' lives despite their 'illnesses'. As the concept of health differs between individuals, it may seem easier to define ill health using Miles' definition, (cited in Perry A.
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Community case study. The authors chosen township has a higher than national average of smoking and obesity rates which is reflected by the DH (2011b) which has identified health generally of individuals in this area is poorer than the average in England.
There are noticeably a large number of fast food takeaways, which are all widely accessible within walking distance of the majority of people's homes. Within the community there are three hospitals, many General Practitioners surgeries, Health Centres and Fitness Centres. The authors chosen township has a higher than national average of smoking and obesity rates which is reflected by the DH (2011b) which has identified health generally of individuals in this area is poorer than the average in England. Life expectancy in the area is steadily increasing in line with the trends nationally and in the North West region.
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Assess the extent to which modern medicine challenges personal autonomy and well being in contemporary society and discuss whether sufficient efforts are being made to tackle these issues.
So within this essay I will be discussing and assessing all of these critiques and coming to a conclusion as to whether modern medicine is a threat to personal autonomy and well being. Along with this I will also be discussing if efforts are being made to solve these problems and if the solutions are adequate. Illich and Iatrogenesis The core idea of personal autonomy is to have personal rule over one owns self whilst you are free from the interference of others and to act in a freely self chosen way.
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The purpose of this paper is to explore the problem of elderly abuse in nursing homes by first looking at how they operate, then by defining the most common types of abuse
The paper will also look at the problems facing law enforcement when it comes to elderly abuse in nursing homes, as well as how elderly abuse can be prevented and reported. Nursing Home Operations, Regulations, and Patient Rights Nursing homes or skilled nursing facilities are for people who need 24 hour nursing care. They offer both long-term and short-term care to the people who live there. Long-term care is for people who can no longer live by themselves because of physical, emotional, or mental problems.
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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of Prescription drug use and to assess patients perceived safety of these medications among citizens of Dwarka. The prevalence of over the counter drugs and other prescription drugs use was
with chemists and healthcare providers. The study reveals thatPrescription drug use practices are more common among Wwell educated (graduated)married males( 58%) Thepractice of prescription drug use is mostly followed by service class having 3-4 members in the family, due to hectic lifestyle. About 76% of the people purchase drugs without prescription .Generally 75% of the people prefer to go to private clinic for treatment. Most common ailment for which people take drugs without prescription is headache and fever which is 75%and least for diarrhoea 7%.Regarding the frequency of intake of drugs in a day is highest up to 16% twice a day, then 15% thrice a week ,7% twice a month.
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The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of older people living in sheltered accommodation. The objectives were to determine if health was poorer in rented rather than owned accommodation or in more deprived areas.
and anthropometric measurements. No significance was found between housing tenures or areas of residence for dietary patterns or lifestyle factors. Significant associations were found between housing tenure and Body Mass Index (p 0.017) although the renters were significantly younger than the owners (p 0.01); and between area of residence for waist circumference (p 0.036) although the lowest prevalence of high-risk waist circumference was not found in the least deprived area. Over half of the participants in this study were overweight or obese and two-thirds had a raised waist circumference, risk factors for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
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In recent years, however, the term has been altered to include a high intake of alcohol in a single drinking occasion (Institute of Alcohol Studies (IAS), 2005). There are disagreements regarding the completeness of these definitions and other scholars assume a more appreciative definition can include quantification in the concept. They define binge drinking as the number of units of alcohol consumed, specifically eight or more units of alcohol per day for men, and six or more for women (Alcohol Concern 2003).
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Self-efficacy (or self-confidence specific to a behaviour) is a self-perception of having skills to perform the specific behaviour. The theory describes behaviour change as a three fold interaction of 'person', 'behaviour' and 'environment' interacting dynamically in a process called 'reciprocal determinism' (Bandura, 1989). The Theory of Reasoned Action and the Theory of Planned Behaviour place relatively more emphasis on the concept of behavioural intention. The concept of behavioural intention can be predicted by the persons expectancies regarding the outcomes of a behaviour, attitudes toward the behaviour and normative beliefs the person has with respect to what influential's would do in a specific situation.
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What are the main challenges faced by mature students studying Healthcare courses in Higher Education? A narrative review
The general household survey reported that the number of mature students in full-time university education rose from 3% in 1960 to 29% in 1994 (Egerton 2000). Indeed, 60% of undergraduates in the UK are now over twenty one (Direct.Gov 2011). UCAS (2011) admission figures reveal that mature student applications have increased each year since 2001, with significantly large increases in the over twenty fives. In recent times this appears to be accelerating further, UCAS figures from 2008 and 2009 cycles report that university applications are increasing across all age ranges but particularly from mature students with an increase of 27 % from applicants over the age of 21 for this cycle (UCAS 2011).
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The Endotracheal Tube ET tubes are measured by their internal diameter, ranging in 0.5 increments from size 2.5 up to 10mm. They are disposable and made of Polyvinylchloridetube (PVC) which moulds to the airway when in-situ and at body temperature. They are transparent which enables the practitioner to monitor breathing via the fogging that occurs and they also possess a dark line along the tubes length which is x-ray detectable. There's a balloon towards the distal end that seals the airway and a connector at the proximal end, which helps connect the tube to the breathing system.
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Further, when BMI is coupled with the centralisation of the issue of obesity or being overweight, it can leads to weight conditions being pin-pointed as the problem for any individuals who fall above that range. Normal weight range is simply described as having "enough body fat to meet nutritional needs but not so much as to incur health risks" (Whitney and Rolfes, 2008). So in order to assess an individual's body fat or weight, it must be correlated with their health as well as other factors such as: whether the individual is a smoker, what ethnicity they are, their age group, sex, amount of lean body mass and other ecological dynamics that contribute to their overall weight.
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Triаl Аimѕ аnd Оbjеctivеѕ Tо invеѕtigаtе thе clinicаl аnd cоѕt еffеctivеnеѕѕ оf hоmеоp
m?dic?l lit?r?tur? ?? b?ing ? typ? ?f rh?um?tic di??rd?r; ?ympt?m? includ? th? pr???nc? ?f ? p?r?i?t?nt ?nd wid??pr??d mu?cl? p?in ?l?ng with ?xtr?m? phy?ic?l f?tigu?. Th? di??rd?r c?u??? th? ?ching ?nd ?t?bbing mu?cl? p?in ?n w?king in th? m?rning, th??? ?ympt?m? gr?du?lly f?d? in int?n?ity ?? th? d?y p?????. In ?dditi?n th? p?r??n f??l? tir?d ?nd c?nn?t ???m t? fr??h?n up ?? th? d?y m?v?? ?l?ng (Haanen, 1991, p72). Th? p?r??n m?y b? ?ff?ct?d quit? ?udd?nly by th??? ?ympt?m?, ??m? ?f which m?y p?r?i?t ?v?r ? l?ng p?ri?d ?f tim?, in ?th?r c???? ?ympt?m? m?y initi?lly f?d? ?w?y ?nly t? r?cur ?udd?nly ??v?r?l m?nth? l?t?r. Fibr?my?lgi? i? ? h?rd c?nditi?n t? di?gn???? ?? ?ympt?m? m?y b? v?gu? ?t tim??
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I hereby submit the final version of the REPORT ON IMPROVING THE HEALTH AND WELL BEING OF ELDERLY IN THE RESIDENTIAL AGED CARE FACILTIY which is a part of the assessment for HCGEN 1111, Health Care in Australia
Conclusion 22 4. Recommendations 23 5. References 24 - 26 6. Appendices 6.1 Pyramid to Coffin 6.2 Life expectancy of Australians 6.3 Summary of places 2009 -2011: National Summary 6.4 Poster 1 6.5 Poster 2 27 - 31 ABBREVATIONS USED IN THIS REPORT A ACAI - Aged Care Access Initiative ACAR - Aged Care Approvals Round ACFI - Aged Care Funding Instrument AHP - Allied Health Professionals B BOHRC - Better Oral Health in Residential Care C CVS - Community Visitor Scheme CV - Community Visitor CFRACF - Commonwealth Funded Residential Aged Care Facility G GP - General Practitioner P
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Unfortunately, the heritage of jamu tradition has become a disaster that harm Indonesian people. The detail incident that happened will be described further on this paper below. Some of the jamu that exist in the market, have been adulterated with chemical therapeutic drugs, some are contaminated by heavy metals and toxin excreted by fungi and microbial due to non hygienic process and storage. While some of organizations try to build and promote jamu image, ironically some people created trouble. II. CHRONOLOGY OF JAMU INCIDENT IN INDONESIA Starting in 2001, public was surprised as the media kept reporting the sentinel event caused by jamu, some caused deaths, some caused severe injuries and organ damages and some caused prolonged unwanted effects.
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Bass & Riggio (2005) regarded transformational leadership as an expansion of transactional leadership. A transformational leader exhibits the traits and qualities of a transactional and charismatic leader. In my opinion the concept of charismatic leadership and transformational leadership are very much overlapping and have many similarities, most important of which are envisioning, empathy and empowerment. Qualities of charismatic leaders as described by Conger and Kunungo (1998) exhibits a more transformational style of leadership such as vision, understanding the needs of members, and understanding of the environmental conditions and influencing members to rise beyond the goal by generating energy in them etc.
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