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Diathermy; a two pronged attack. In this assignment, the responsibilities of the operating department practitioner when dealing with diathermy will be analysed and reflected upon, as well as how this relates to aspects of best practice in patient care. I
For this reason, it is seen as the safer of the two methods. Bipolar diathermy is generally used when coagulation only is required, or where a patient has a pacemaker in situ. Marsh (2008) discusses that although most pacemaker manufacturers strongly warn against the use of monopolar diathermy, sometimes it cannot be avoided (e.g. an emergency situation where the benefits outweigh the risks). This is specified in the Health professions council (HPC 2008) section 2b.3 which promotes the need to adapt practice to meet different physical needs.
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The Endotracheal Tube ET tubes are measured by their internal diameter, ranging in 0.5 increments from size 2.5 up to 10mm. They are disposable and made of Polyvinylchloridetube (PVC) which moulds to the airway when in-situ and at body temperature. They are transparent which enables the practitioner to monitor breathing via the fogging that occurs and they also possess a dark line along the tubes length which is x-ray detectable. There's a balloon towards the distal end that seals the airway and a connector at the proximal end, which helps connect the tube to the breathing system.
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It is crucial not to make any errors within the tests as the treatment for the patient will be then incorrectly decided. The demand of biomedical scientists increases to the developing and changing clinical medicine as they are required to "screen, maintain and improve human health" (IBMS, 2010). This essay aims to provide different aspects regarding the importance of biomedical scientists. The specialist clinical areas where a biomedical scientist could prosper include pathology: cytology, clinical chemistry, haematology, histopathology, immunology, medical microbiology, transfusion science.
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Evaluate two perspectives on the psychology of sex and gender. What can these perspectives tell us about what it is to be a man or a woman?
An area that has been researched is the physical characteristics of humans and in a small proportion of cases it is unreliable. The physical characteristics e.g. sexing of humans is not as straight forward as it appears; although from the observation of the anatomical characteristics of a neonate has been more than 98 per cent reliable (Holloway, Cooper, Johnston and Stevens, 2003), the mechanical pressures of vaginal birth and hormones produced by the mother can cause swelling of areas around the genitalia of the baby which can lead to the wrong sexing.
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Socialisation begins at birth and continues throughout life. Socialisation is deliberate when individuals are told what to do or how to act. Much socialisation is indirect and simply learned by being with other people. The family is a principal agent in socialising a child. This called the general social theory. Berger and Luckmann argue that we are each born into an objective social structure, a network of relationships existing before birth and people who are responsible for us, such as our parents are responsible for our socialisation, (Berger and Luckmann,(1967), P:155 The family conditions and is where; most children learn speech, basic health and hygiene, eating habits, beliefs, and a prescribed set of core family values.
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This essay will critically analyze Health care policies and the changes that took place between the 1940s to the present day, and how they dramatically altered the way in which health care was provided.
Based on economical recommendations of John Maynard Keynes whom was one of the founding fathers of the welfare state, the National Health Service was created in 1948. Bevan who was also a major contributing founder of the welfare state, had as an ideal at the start (Baldock et al, 2005)of the NHS for it to be "a service that would be founded through taxation, reflecting ability to pay, with an element of contribution through national insurance. Private practice would continue, but universalizing the best in the NHS would give people little incentive to pay privately".
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DiMatteo et al., 1986; Larsen & Smith, 1981). Other early research found that doctors interrupted patients only a few seconds into describing their symptoms and did not allow them to say everything they wanted to (Beckman & Frankel, 1984). This was surprising, as this experiment incorporated videotaping the interactions, which may have been an incentive for doctors to seem like they were doing a better job, so the real situation may be even worse. The finding that doctors tend to interrupt patients may help to explain findings from Barry et al.
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Further, when BMI is coupled with the centralisation of the issue of obesity or being overweight, it can leads to weight conditions being pin-pointed as the problem for any individuals who fall above that range. Normal weight range is simply described as having "enough body fat to meet nutritional needs but not so much as to incur health risks" (Whitney and Rolfes, 2008). So in order to assess an individual's body fat or weight, it must be correlated with their health as well as other factors such as: whether the individual is a smoker, what ethnicity they are, their age group, sex, amount of lean body mass and other ecological dynamics that contribute to their overall weight.
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Case study. The focus of the report will be on young males aged 15-24 in Australia. Young males may experience more road traffic accidents than young females as a consequence of their risk taking attitudes that may cause to unintentional road injury
This report describes unintentional injury by firstly illustrating risk taking behaviour and novice drivers. This is followed by a discussion about the combination strategy of education and parents support may help to promote government policy in preventing and reducing road traffic injury for young males. Risk taking behaviour and novice drivers Firstly, risk taking behaviour is one of the main factors of road accident cases in Australia among young males (Fernandes & Hatfield 2006, p. 28). Young males may aggressively seek out risk because they want to look for new situations and experiences to maintain a heightened rate of physiological arousal (Kedves 2008, p.2).
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Triаl Аimѕ аnd Оbjеctivеѕ Tо invеѕtigаtе thе clinicаl аnd cоѕt еffеctivеnеѕѕ оf hоmеоp
m?dic?l lit?r?tur? ?? b?ing ? typ? ?f rh?um?tic di??rd?r; ?ympt?m? includ? th? pr???nc? ?f ? p?r?i?t?nt ?nd wid??pr??d mu?cl? p?in ?l?ng with ?xtr?m? phy?ic?l f?tigu?. Th? di??rd?r c?u??? th? ?ching ?nd ?t?bbing mu?cl? p?in ?n w?king in th? m?rning, th??? ?ympt?m? gr?du?lly f?d? in int?n?ity ?? th? d?y p?????. In ?dditi?n th? p?r??n f??l? tir?d ?nd c?nn?t ???m t? fr??h?n up ?? th? d?y m?v?? ?l?ng (Haanen, 1991, p72). Th? p?r??n m?y b? ?ff?ct?d quit? ?udd?nly by th??? ?ympt?m?, ??m? ?f which m?y p?r?i?t ?v?r ? l?ng p?ri?d ?f tim?, in ?th?r c???? ?ympt?m? m?y initi?lly f?d? ?w?y ?nly t? r?cur ?udd?nly ??v?r?l m?nth? l?t?r. Fibr?my?lgi? i? ? h?rd c?nditi?n t? di?gn???? ?? ?ympt?m? m?y b? v?gu? ?t tim??
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I hereby submit the final version of the REPORT ON IMPROVING THE HEALTH AND WELL BEING OF ELDERLY IN THE RESIDENTIAL AGED CARE FACILTIY which is a part of the assessment for HCGEN 1111, Health Care in Australia
Conclusion 22 4. Recommendations 23 5. References 24 - 26 6. Appendices 6.1 Pyramid to Coffin 6.2 Life expectancy of Australians 6.3 Summary of places 2009 -2011: National Summary 6.4 Poster 1 6.5 Poster 2 27 - 31 ABBREVATIONS USED IN THIS REPORT A ACAI - Aged Care Access Initiative ACAR - Aged Care Approvals Round ACFI - Aged Care Funding Instrument AHP - Allied Health Professionals B BOHRC - Better Oral Health in Residential Care C CVS - Community Visitor Scheme CV - Community Visitor CFRACF - Commonwealth Funded Residential Aged Care Facility G GP - General Practitioner P
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The results revealed that, independence emerged with empowerment; elderly are concerned about financial and emotional security then future care. Many of the participants want to learn more about what they know; where as some are interested in new things. Subjects were worried about the environment they live in as they had bitter taste in age care facility previously. Though the older people were disappointed with the facilities they receive now, they are not worried about health and fitness but need support from family and friends. The possible audience are researchers, health professionals and general public. Though the researchers were funded from governmental organisations, there was no bias found.
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Role and impact of national and international organisations in patient safety and the role of the pharmacist in advancing patient safety recommendations
In the US, Institute of Medicine (IOM) estimated that errors have caused 44 000 to 98 000 deaths in the US each year. The rate of medication errors varies between 2 and 14% of patients admitted to hospital, with 1-2% of patients being harmed. Medication error itself has been estimated to kill 7000 patients per annum and accounts for nearly one in 20 hospital admissions in the US. (IOM, 2000) According to Vincent, 2006, definitions of safety may vary, but usually encompass the avoidance, prevention, and amelioration of adverse outcomes or injury from the process of health care.
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Use sociological explanation for health inequalities to explain the patterns and trends of health and illness in three different social groups.
Health is therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities." This definition has been viewed from many different perspectives. Everyone is unique so the term "health" is a concept that varies from person to person and from one society to another. We all have our own personal views of being healthy. Many view health as being free of disease and illness and that as long as you are or feel "alright" you are healthy, but being "alright" does not mean being entirely without illness or disease.
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This assignment will be explaining what medical and social model of health is, the author will then describe the differences between the two models.
Social model of health is involved with the understanding of social science. In short, the social model of health stresses on the changes that need to be made in a society, motivating individuals to be live healthier. It is also said that health is socially constructed. (Turner, 1995) The medical model of health is linked with the negative definition of health and it also looks at the individual physical body and explains bad health or illness as the presence of disease and it's symptoms as a result of physical causes. For instance accidents or diseases and this model of health don't look at psychological factor as the social model does.
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This then induces increase in heart rate, blood pressure and blood glucose levels, dilates the bronchioles and reduces digestive activity. In the longer term the adrenal glands release corticoids which maintain salt and water retention, increase blood volume, increase the catabolism of fat and protein and reduces the inflammatory and immune responses. (Waugh & Grant, 2001:224) Traumatic or catastrophic events are normally sudden, unexpected and threatening. The body automatically prepares to fight or flight after such an event but it is not always possible to do so. Other responses then often come into place such as freezing, numbing, and/or dissociating.
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The Blood vessels 5. The Conducting mechanism of the heart 6. Circulation 6.1 Systematic circulation 6.2 Pulmonary circulation 6.3 Portal circulation 6.4 Coronary circulation 7. Coronary Heart Disease 8. References List of Tables & Illustrations Figure 1 Normal heart Figure 2 Circulation 1. Introduction The Cardio Vascular System consists of the blood, the blood vessels, the heart, and the circulation systems. In this report the anatomy and physiology of all these components will be explained. Coronary heart disease is a malfunction of the cardiovascular system; this report will explore the causes, symptoms and treatments of this disease.
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Left- how anti-HIV drugs work: 1. Entry inhibitors stop HIV entering the cell 2. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors disrupt the gene-copying process 3. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors block the gene-copying enzyme 4. Protease inhibitors block the formation of the new virus www.news.bbc.co.uk/.../html/anti_hiv_drugs.stm To see just how effective these drugs were, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the antiretroviral zidovudine was conducted (http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu.). Zidovudine, a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, disrupts the process where the viral DNA combined with the host DNA is transcribed to produce RNA.
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Unfortunately, the heritage of jamu tradition has become a disaster that harm Indonesian people. The detail incident that happened will be described further on this paper below. Some of the jamu that exist in the market, have been adulterated with chemical therapeutic drugs, some are contaminated by heavy metals and toxin excreted by fungi and microbial due to non hygienic process and storage. While some of organizations try to build and promote jamu image, ironically some people created trouble. II. CHRONOLOGY OF JAMU INCIDENT IN INDONESIA Starting in 2001, public was surprised as the media kept reporting the sentinel event caused by jamu, some caused deaths, some caused severe injuries and organ damages and some caused prolonged unwanted effects.
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Bass & Riggio (2005) regarded transformational leadership as an expansion of transactional leadership. A transformational leader exhibits the traits and qualities of a transactional and charismatic leader. In my opinion the concept of charismatic leadership and transformational leadership are very much overlapping and have many similarities, most important of which are envisioning, empathy and empowerment. Qualities of charismatic leaders as described by Conger and Kunungo (1998) exhibits a more transformational style of leadership such as vision, understanding the needs of members, and understanding of the environmental conditions and influencing members to rise beyond the goal by generating energy in them etc.
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The Strengths of the study is that it used randomised selection to allocate participants. 2. Velting and Albano (2001) examined the clinical presentation of Social phobia with particular attention to research carried out regarding the "developmental pathways of childhood social anxiety into social phobia, highlighting normative developmental factors, behavioural inhibition, pathophysiology, genetics, and parenting/environmental factors." Joe's personal history and background is telling with regards to confirming the role played by developmental factors in fuelling his social anxiety. In their findings Velting and Albano (2001)
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She also encourages the client to continue by saying phrases such as 'go on'. Another tool that the therapist uses is to paraphrase what the client is saying. The tone that the therapist uses throughout the interview is also very important, due to the fact that different tones can provoke different reactions. According to Purtilo and Haddard (2007) tone can give several means to the same words. The therapist acknowledges that the tone used is important and therefore is careful to use a tone that is friendly and open, so as to have a successful interview with the client.
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According to research by Tuckman (1965) groups go through several stages when presented with a group work task. These are forming, storming, norming and performing. These steps describe the process gone through in order to complete a task from the beginning of the group (forming), to the thinking up of idea (storming) to the stage where the group members become used to each other and are able to do the task (norming), to the final stage where the task is finished and carried out (performing).
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This causes the gel like substance inside the disc to leak out, in turn, putting pressure on the spinal cord. This would be likely to cause Georgina to feel pain not only in her back but possibly in other areas of the body as well, as the damaged disc can put pressure on certain nerves. Most commonly affected is the sciatic nerve; this nerve travels down the spinal cord, into the buttocks and down the back of each leg. Sufferers of sciatica will possibly feel pain, numbness or a tingling feeling in their legs.
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