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How might a holistic model help in explaining the experience of mental health?

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Introduction

[Type text] TMA 01 How might a holistic model help in explaining the experience of mental health? What is mental distress? Mental distress is when someone experiences changes in their thoughts and feelings. Their behaviour will be significantly different, both in themselves, and how they behave around others. This greatly interferes with their home life, work life, social life and their relationships they have with others. Examples of mental distress would be anxiety disorder, depression and schizophrenia. (Ethomed, 2003) What is holism? The dictionary definition of holism (from the Greek holos) states that nothing can be fully understood unless one sees the whole system of which it is part; that is the whole is always more than the sum of its parts. (Oxford Dictionary, 2013) What is a holistic approach with regards to health care? The holistic approach is a model, which is made up of 5 different dimensions, and would be perfectly suited to use in the treatment of mental illness. What this means is, that the illness (disease) is viewed as affecting a person?s mind, body and spirit, and each of those dimensions are equally as important as the other. Holism is a reaction to medical approaches. The holistic view acknowledges objective scientific explanations of physiology and accepts that people have inner experiences that are subjective, mystical, and spiritual or religious, which can affect their well-being and health beliefs. The five dimensions of the model are physical, psychological, social, emotional and spiritual/personal meaning (The Open University, 2010, p.23). ...read more.

Middle

argues this case and tells us ?A whole cannot be fully understood, even if all its parts are understood separately?. Therefore, from that perspective, we can see how by not knowing the ?whole?; just because we know all the ?parts?, shows that service users, and their intrapersonal boundaries are not solid or static. This is exactly like the boundaries between the dimensions of the holistic model. They are permeable, and they are forever changing. Changes can depend on what is going on within that person?s life that that particular time, and can change at any given moment. Perspectives that can be used to treat illness are the medical model, the biomedical model, the psychological model, the bio psychological, the social model and the bio-psychosocial model. There are also religious, humanistic and transpersonal models that can be considered. For example; a service user presents themselves at their local accident & emergency department with a broken arm, or a broken leg. The model that would be used in this instance would be that of the medical model. What this would entail is a doctor would prescribe medication for the pain that they are feeling because of the broken limb, and treatment will be given to ensure the bone will heal correctly, i.e., by means of a plaster cast. Another example of a different model could be a service user making a routine appointment with their GP. On arrival for that appointment they speak with the GP and find themselves crying uncontrollably and in a highly emotional state. ...read more.

Conclusion

Examples would be (a) the user might just want the medication with no therapy, or (b) they could want therapy but no drugs. Or (c) could be that the user doesn?t want their details passed on to anyone else ? for whatever reason that may be. I know from personal experience that many people are paranoid (even if they haven?t been diagnosed with a mental illness!!!!) with regards to seeing doctors, etc., and divulging personal information about them. This could be to do with other people knowing their business and talking about them, behind their backs to others, or it could be someone maybe passing on information regarding them. People worry that their details or private medical issues/file could fall into the ?wrong hands?. However, I know this is not the case, but not everyone trusts the health service?s confidentiality policy. Mental well-being can be improved and enhanced by using the holistic model. The holistic model supports the idea that body chemistry, spirituality, diet, nutrition, and other factors can impact the brain in diverse ways (Moore, N.D). This can only be a good thing. Using the holistic approach to help a service user heal has many benefits. It means the service user not only feels better physically, and mentally, but also ensures anything else that may come from their illness will also be dealt with at the same time. It can be a lengthy process to ensure full potential of the holistic model has been reached but it is definitely much better in the long run. ...read more.

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