• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify a health issue related to module content and discuss its impact on an individual/group from biological, social and psychological perspective. Discuss strategies to overcome the problem.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Identify a health issue related to module content and discuss its impact on an individual/group from biological, social and psychological perspective. Discuss strategies to overcome the problem. Alcohol is the most widely available and commonly used psychoactive substance among young people (Rassool & Winnington, 2003). A recent study showed that, in the United Kingdom, nearly 40% of adolescents had been drunk by the time they reached 15 years (Hibbell et al, 1999). Excessive alcohol consumption can result in adverse biological, psychological and social effects which can lead to antisocial behaviour. This essay will highlight these effects and examine methods used to prevent alcohol abuse by young people. The most common problems adolescents experience are due alcohol intoxication and binge drinking. Binge drinking is classified as having more than 5 drinks in a row and is a common drinking pattern in teenagers in the UK (Rassool and Winnington, 2003). The acute biological impacts of alcohol consumption are common to both adults and adolescents. However, these effects can be more dangerous for adolescents as they occur at lower concentrations than for adults (Institute of Alcohol Studies, 2003). Outward symptoms of alcohol use include impaired hearing, vision, slurred speech, poor motor co-ordination, vomiting, blackouts, hangovers and alcohol poisoning (Alcohol Concern, 2000a). ...read more.

Middle

However, the link between alcohol and antisocial behaviour is not straightforward. Not every teenager who drinks alcohol exhibits these antisocial characteristics. Some research has suggested that a person's underlying personality combined with environmental factors plays an important role in the expression of antisocial behaviour (Social Research Centre, no date). Situations that could trigger aggressive behaviour in teenagers could include, peer pressure and unfriendly behaviour from other people. For example, a benign gesture could be misinterpreted, by a person under the influence of alcohol, as being threatening or aggressive. Little evidence can be found to support the effectiveness of alcohol abuse prevention programmes targeted at young people (Foxcroft et al, 2003). In a briefing by the Health Development Agency, it is suggested that there is some evidence for the success of certain types of school based prevention programs (Waller et al, 2002). These relatively successful programmes were more complex than traditional education based programmes. They include methods such as peer led, rather than teacher led schemes and interactive programmes which focus on developing young peoples' interpersonal skills (Waller et al, 2002 & Prime Minister's Strategy Unit, 2003). However, there is more evidence to suggest the effectiveness of brief interventions. Brief interventions involve a few minutes of counselling and advice on the adverse affects of alcohol. ...read more.

Conclusion

Fact sheet: Young People and Alcohol [on-line] Cambridge: IAS. Available from: <http://www.ias.org.uk/factsheets/young-people.pdf> [Accessed on 2 December 2003] JERNIGAN, D.H. (2001) Global Status Report: Alcohol and Young People [on-line] Geneva: World Health Organisation. Available from: <http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/PDFfiles/globsta_alcoyoung%20people.pdf> [Accessed on: 22 November 03]. MACDONALD, L. (1999) Executive Summary: Overview of the Health Issues Related to Alcohol Consumption. In: MACDONALD, I. ed. (1999) Health Issues Related to Alcohol Consumption. 2nd Ed. London: Blackwell Science. Prime Minster's Strategy Unit (2003) Alcohol Harm Reduction Project: Interim Analytical Report [online] London: Prime Minster's Strategy Unit. Available from: <http://www.pm.gov.uk/files/pdf/SU%20interim_report2.pdf> [Accessed on: 19 November 03]. RASSOOL, G.H. & WINNINGTON, J. (2003) Adolescents and alcohol misuse. Nursing Standard 17, 30, 46-50. 9 April. RICHARDSON, A & BUDD, T (2003) Home Office Research Study 263: Alcohol, crime and disorder: a study of young adults [on-line] London: Communication Development Unit, Home Office. Available from: <http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/hors263.pdf> [Accessed on: 20 November 03]. WALLER, S. NAIDOO, B. & THOM, B. (2002) Prevention and reduction of alcohol misuse: Evidence Briefing [online] London: Health Development Agency. Available from: <http://194.83.94.67/uhtbin/cgisirsi.exe/1069514509/0/520/EBBD_Alcohol_pdf_ft> [Accessed on: 20 November 03]. WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (2001) Declaration on Young People and Alcohol [online] Denmark: World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. Available from: <http://www.euro.who.int/AboutWHO/Policy/20030204_1> [Accessed on: 20 November 03]. SADLER, C. (2002) Sobering thoughts. Nursing Standard. 16, 50. 28 August. SOCIAL ISSUES RESEARCH CENTRE. (no date) Alcohol and Violence [online] Oxford: Social Issues Research Centre. Available from: <http://www.sirc.org/publik/alcohol_and_violence_5.html> [Accessed on: 20 November 03]. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Dual Diagnosis: Schizophrenia and Substance Misuse

    It is obvious then, that effective intervention for dual diagnosis is in need of much improvement. There need to be better recognition of the condition by health professionals, especially in young people, where prevention of the complications of co-morbidity is the key to a better illness outcome.

  2. Communicating in Health and Social Care.

    This has proved that this makes the transition from primary school to secondary school more straightforward. They also try to work on the client having a clear, positive picture of who they are (self-image) and how they feel about their selves (self-esteem).

  1. Drug and Alcohol Abuse

    will respond to suggestions, or even ultimatums that they "clean up their act." Ultimatums may be temporarily effective, but unless the addict seeks true rehabilitation, problems will invariably recur. Sadly, many addicts lose their jobs and are left alone, denying responsibility, blaming the band member(s)

  2. The purpose of this paper is to explore the problem of elderly abuse in ...

    An example of sexual elderly abuse was cited in a review by Payne and Gainey, "The former mobile x-ray technician pleaded guilty on April 6, 2000, to charges of Lewd and Lascivious Conduct based on his visit to a nursing home when he inserted his tongue in the elderly

  1. The Effectiveness of Brief Interventions in Reducing Binge

    This definition has been embraced by many experts and institutions that now use this quantification as a rule-of-thumb definition of binge drinking. This is also the definition employed for the current study. Inappropriate alcohol use is a persistent public health concern to different countries as excess intake directly affects the

  2. I will discuss and identify a nursing skill whilst on placement. The nursing skill ...

    * The room was comfortable and good room temperature The water was comfortably warm ? older people particularly feel the cold, so I had to bear this in mind when adjusting the temperature * I also ensured I was wearing the appropriate shoes , the non slip shoes and proper for the health care settling.

  1. This essay will give an overview of the structure and quality of health and ...

    Low risk equipment, walking frames, tables and chairs, only require a thorough clean and to be disinfected (RCN 2005). Correct use of equipment on a surgical ward is another form of QA. While there may be low microorganism risk of on certain equipment such as sphygmomanometers and cuffs, there is

  2. Intervemtion Case Study. The agency I did my placement at is a 10 ...

    a hypothesis to explain what is happening and what may be able to be achieved. It?s also important to reflect prior to practice as this emphasises on a thoughtful and planned approach which help?s to make what my aims are clear to the service user and also more open to review (Parker, 2009).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work