• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

MRSA. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

MRSA MRSA (sometimes referred to as the superbug) stands for methicilin-resistent Staphylococcus aureus (SA). SA is the bacterium from the Staphylococcus aureus family. It was discovered in 1961 in the UK, it is now found worldwide. (www.mrsasupport.co.uk) The organism Staphylococcus aureus is found on many individuals skin and seems to cause no major problems. However, if it gets inside the body, for instance under the skin or in the body or into the lungs, it can cause important infections such as boils or pneumonia. Individuals who carry this organism are usually totally healthy, have no problems whatever and are considered simply to be carriers of the organism. About 1 in 3 of us carries SA on the surface of our skin, or in our nose without developing an infection. This is known as being colonised by the bacteria. However in addition to the boils and pneumonia, you call also contract impetigo, if they get into the bloodstream they can cause more serious infections. (www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk) The term MRSA or methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is used to describe those examples of this organism that are resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Methicillin was an antibiotic used many years ago to treat patients with Staphylococcus aureus infections. Today it is no longer used except as a means of identifying this particular type of antibiotic resistance. ...read more.

Middle

(www.npsa.nhs.co.uk) Nurses wore badges and posters were put up saying 'it's ok to ask' but the question needs to be raised even with the campaign would patients feel comfortable asking staff to wash their hands? A research paper printed in the British Journal of Nursing in 2007 entitled 'Patients feelings about hand washing, MRSA status and patient information' asked this very question. The research showed that there was a consensus of opinion among many respondents that it would be seen as a betrayal of trust between patient and nurse if they asked this question, some respondents had made the comment they might be seen as trouble makers if they asked health care staff to wash their hands. There was a clear indication from the data collected that access to information on MRSA was lacking for patients and a huge 72% of people indicated they would not feel comfortable asking staff to wash their hands. Research undertaken in other studies supported the findings from this research that patients would feel more confident about asking staff and staff would feel more comfortable being asked to wash their hands if there was a cultural change in the attitude to make such practice routine in hospitals. To that end the profile surrounding should be maintained constantly. Undoubtedly, the current drive involve patients in shaping the future of health care through the foundation trusts and patients asociatations for example should be continued so that something as critical and fundamental as hand hygiene become beyond the need to question. ...read more.

Conclusion

In one study carried out at the National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Buckinghamshire, 16 MRSA-positive patients with spinal cord injuries aged between 18 and 65 and their matched controls completed a series of questionnaires to measure aspects of the psychological impact on them. The measures used were functional independence, depression, anxiety, and the affective states of anger, vigour, fatigue and confusion. The MRSA-positive patients scored higher in all measures and the score for depression was the highest. (www.worldwidewounds.com/2004/november) We must also consider the stigma of having MRSA, recent surveys conducted showed that people visiting the hospital would be wary of coming into contact with a patient with MRSA for fear of contracting the illness themselves; they also identified that not knowing enough about the illness made them think the worst. (Duncan,C & Dealy, C 2006) So what is likely to happen in the future? Doctors are very worried about what the future holds for MRSA. The number of reports of MRSA infections rises by the year and more recent evidence suggests that deaths due to MRSA are increasing at a similar rate. Already the spectre of a bug resistant to all antibiotics is approaching, although new antibiotics are being developed all the time, pessimistic experts believe it is only a matter of time at current rates until virtually every weapon in the pharmaceutical arsenal is nullified. Nihilists suggest that there could come a point at which bacteria retake the upper hand and doctors as in previous centuries have no answer to some bacterial infections. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

It was not clear what the purpose of the essay was. The reader should quickly get a sense of what the writer intends to achieve, hence the importance of a clear introduction. Upon reading the work, I did get a good sense that the writer had done a lot of research into MRSA: what it is, how it is transmitted and how it survives. If the the work was intended as a fact sheet, then the aim has been achieved. The writing style was good overall.
4/5

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 08/10/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a ...

    4 star(s)

    1991 Census 2001 Census Improvement 48.6% 34.7% 13.9% (Philimore et al 1994) *Higher than national average *Significantly higher than national average *Lower than national average Education The local wards senior school shows an over 5% all increase in 15 year olds gaining a grade A*-C across all subject since 2005.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The purpose of this essay is to carry out an assessment of a patient ...

    3 star(s)

    All of the contents are legal documents and can be referred to by health professionals who participate in the care being given but can also be viewed by Jane and her family. Tasks were allocated to each member of the team on specific days at specific times.

  1. reflective practice using johns model of reflection

    However, in pp they are still educating the patient about the benefits of exercise and the correct techniques. In an NHS setting of palliative care occasionally the physiotherapist has to educate the student physiotherapist. In pp where I was observing student physiotherapist were rare (longer than a few weeks), so

  2. A Sociological Definition of Health and Illness

    It has been made apparent that four out of five people visit traditional healers in search of a cure. In some areas the healers recommend that the person who is suffering from HIV should sleep with a virgin to cure themselves.This, however has led to a rise in child rape

  1. Medicine is the science and art of healing. Medicine is a science because it ...

    In case of illness or injury, people first of all need someone to diagnose their condition and prescribe or give the necessary treatment. This kind of basic health care is called primary medical care. It is provided by such doctors as general practitioners to whom people can go directly, without having to be referred by another doctor or medical worker.

  2. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    The elderly in society are often diagnosed as sick because they are most vulnerable to illness; a large number of the elderly are in hospitals not because they are sick but because there is no one to look after them at home and also because health and welfare services fail to provide enough care in the community.

  1. This assignment will look at COPD and its associated problems as well as smoking ...

    The need to reduce the percentage of smokers and exposure to smoke was recognised by the World Health Organisation in 2003 who adopted the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control by placing restrictions on tobacco advertising, sponsorship and promotion, establishing new packaging and labelling as well as clean indoor air controls and strengthening legislation to tackle tobacco smuggling.

  2. The importance of therapeutic relationships in the delivery of care.

    What exactly do we mean by communication? Schroeder (1999) suggests communication is any form of message, which has been sent, received and understood. Communication is much more than just the spoken word, it involves body language, facial expression, eye contact and hand movement, good communication is about listening to patients and understanding their fears and expectations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work