• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Occupational Health and Safety

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction Occupational Health and Safety is associated with the physical, physiological and psychosocial conditions of an organisation's workforce, allied to aspects of work and the work context (De Cieri & Kramar, 2003, pp. 99). Occupational health and safety is a necessary and fundamental aspect in any productive organisations. Work-related injuries, diseases and stress and quality of the working-life of the employees are related to the employees' effectiveness. (Stone, 2002, pp. 646). Barling (2004) stated that occupational health and safety is a major issue for employees, and how management deals with this issue of both academic and practical significance. The most frequent organizational approaches used to produce a sufficient level of safety have focused on the optimal design of equipment (i.e., an ergonomic approach), adherence with government-imposed standards (i.e., a legislative approach), or compliance with the terms of collective agreements. Therefore, systematic approaches to occupational safety and health are rapidly emerging internationally as the pre-eminent strategy for employers to reduce occupational illness and injury. In addition, Schulte (2002) stated that the aim of the pre-eminent strategy is to improve knowledge, increase understanding, and apply information to specific problems. There are three topics that are emerged in this paper, those are: the significance of Occupational Health and Safety management and planning, Occupational Health and Safety Hazard example (work-related stress) ...read more.

Middle

There are some cultures that may have to be implemented inside the organisation as a safety culture, which also can be contributed as possible solution in preventing Occupational Health and Safety issues, such as work-related stress. First is suggested by Clarke, 2003; Fuller & Vassie, 2003; Geller, 2001; Dilley & Kleiner (1996), is the trust between all stakeholders. Second is the honest, equitable and accessible communication, which can guarantee shared knowledge and understanding between all members of the organisation (Clarke, 2003; Frosdick, 1995; Fuller, 2002; Mozza & Wyld, 2002; Zwetsloot, 2001). Next is participation with the aim of encouraging employees in engaging actively in decision-making process and implementation strategies (Ariss, 2003; Dilley and Kleiner, 1996; Mozza & Wyld, 2002; Zwetsloot, 2001). Leadership is another possible culture to be implemented inside the organization, which reflected in planning, long term commitment, creativity and positive actions of managers, to endorse resource and support active involvement in safety activities and participation (Geller, 2001; Zwetsloot, 2001). Moreover, it is widely accepted that, employees require correlative abilities, skills, and knowledge to empower them to create a safe work environment. In this situation, particular train is necessary to achieve that goal, meanwhile, full understanding, sharing and awareness of all factors impacting on safety is need (Ariss, 2003; Mozza & Wyld, 2002; Zwetsloot, 2001). ...read more.

Conclusion

178-187. Kleiman, L.S. (2000), Human Resource Management: A managerial tool competitive Advantage, South-Western, America. Macintosh, M. & Gough, R. (1998), "The impact of workplace change on occupational health and safety: A study of four manufacturing plants", Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 155-175. Mozza, M.L. & Wyld, D.C., (2002), "The carrot or the soft stick? The perspective of American safety professional on behaviour and incentive - based protection programmes", Management Research, Vol. 25, Issue 11, pp. 23-42. O'Brien, F. & Garavan, T.N. (2001), "An investigation into the relationships between safety climate and safety behaviours in Irish organisations", Irish Journal of Management, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 141-170. Pearn, M. (2003), Australian human resource management guide, CCH Australia Limited, Australia. Schulte P.A. (2002), "Approaches to sharing occupational safety and health information on a global scale", American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 210-216. Schulte, P.A., Okun, A., Stephenson, C.M., Colligan, M., Ahlers, H., Gjessing, C., Loos, G., Niemeier, R.W. & Sweeney, M.H. (2003), "Information dissemination and use: Critical components in occupational safety and health", American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 44, No. 5, pp. 515-531. Selye, H.(1956), The stress of life, McGraw-Hill,New York,NY. Stone, R.J. (2002), Human Resource Management, Queensland, John Wiley & Son Australia, Australia. Zwetsloot, G., (2001), "The Management of innovation by frontrunner companies in environment management and health and safety", Environmental Management & Health, Vol. 12, Issue 2/3, pp. 207-214. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 7 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of ...

    A Mann-Whitney U Test also revealed a significant difference in MUAC (p 0.033) between the owners and renters in area 3, with owners having a smaller MUAC (median = 25 cm, �2.3) than renters (median = 30 cm, �4.4). The owner's BMI was smaller (median = 22.7 cm, �3.7)

  2. Health promotion is an important element of the government's health agenda. Critically discuss this ...

    This is because they believe that health promotion is often perceived negatively as it advises "giving up pleasurable habits for the sake of avoiding illness in the long term" (Kendall & Latters 1997). Just as there are different concepts of what health is there are different approaches to health promotion that can be used depending on the situation.

  1. The Effectiveness of Brief Interventions in Reducing Binge

    concern expressed by health workers as they believe that brief Intervention requires too much time. Given the demands of a busy healthcare practice, it is reasonable to argue that the health worker's first duty is to attend to the patient's immediate needs, which are typically for acute care.

  2. Interprofessional working in mental health

    Their key aim is to break down the barriers between health and social care and to trial the provision of a seamless service. (DoH 1998, Audit Commission 1997). It is argued that despite positive feedback from the pilot schemes, without structural changes that break down the boundaries existing between health

  1. Today's healthcare environment dictates that management decisions are clinically sound, operationally efficient, financially responsible ...

    It is an iterative process of identifying potential areas for performance improvement and collecting best practice information from similar organisations. Best practice is defined as those practices and processes that support and enhance the outcomes of the organisation and are sound from a clinical, operational and financial perspective' (page 24).

  2. Case Study and Literature Review

    Mothers' who breastfeed experience less postpartum bleeding, earlier return to pre-pregnancy weight, and a reduced risk of ovarian cancer and pre-menopausal breast cancer (Coad 2001). The action of breastfeeding helps to develop muscles that assist with the development of the jaw, the positive outcome of this does not generally show until the child is five to seven years old.

  1. What is Health Psychology?

    ideology that individuals are responsible for there own health, this places the responsibility for good health on the individual and how this may be determined by lifestyle. Sheridan (1992) informs us that, this cultural value of individualism is particularly strong in regions where Health psychology has developed fastest such as the United States, Northern Europe and Australia.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    The inclusion criteria for the present study were confined to patients residing in the community. The findings of this study ascertained the significance of patient education and other wellness education programmes in enhancing quality of life, self efficacy and therapeutic potential.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work