• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Occupational Health and Safety

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction Occupational Health and Safety is associated with the physical, physiological and psychosocial conditions of an organisation's workforce, allied to aspects of work and the work context (De Cieri & Kramar, 2003, pp. 99). Occupational health and safety is a necessary and fundamental aspect in any productive organisations. Work-related injuries, diseases and stress and quality of the working-life of the employees are related to the employees' effectiveness. (Stone, 2002, pp. 646). Barling (2004) stated that occupational health and safety is a major issue for employees, and how management deals with this issue of both academic and practical significance. The most frequent organizational approaches used to produce a sufficient level of safety have focused on the optimal design of equipment (i.e., an ergonomic approach), adherence with government-imposed standards (i.e., a legislative approach), or compliance with the terms of collective agreements. Therefore, systematic approaches to occupational safety and health are rapidly emerging internationally as the pre-eminent strategy for employers to reduce occupational illness and injury. In addition, Schulte (2002) stated that the aim of the pre-eminent strategy is to improve knowledge, increase understanding, and apply information to specific problems. There are three topics that are emerged in this paper, those are: the significance of Occupational Health and Safety management and planning, Occupational Health and Safety Hazard example (work-related stress) ...read more.

Middle

There are some cultures that may have to be implemented inside the organisation as a safety culture, which also can be contributed as possible solution in preventing Occupational Health and Safety issues, such as work-related stress. First is suggested by Clarke, 2003; Fuller & Vassie, 2003; Geller, 2001; Dilley & Kleiner (1996), is the trust between all stakeholders. Second is the honest, equitable and accessible communication, which can guarantee shared knowledge and understanding between all members of the organisation (Clarke, 2003; Frosdick, 1995; Fuller, 2002; Mozza & Wyld, 2002; Zwetsloot, 2001). Next is participation with the aim of encouraging employees in engaging actively in decision-making process and implementation strategies (Ariss, 2003; Dilley and Kleiner, 1996; Mozza & Wyld, 2002; Zwetsloot, 2001). Leadership is another possible culture to be implemented inside the organization, which reflected in planning, long term commitment, creativity and positive actions of managers, to endorse resource and support active involvement in safety activities and participation (Geller, 2001; Zwetsloot, 2001). Moreover, it is widely accepted that, employees require correlative abilities, skills, and knowledge to empower them to create a safe work environment. In this situation, particular train is necessary to achieve that goal, meanwhile, full understanding, sharing and awareness of all factors impacting on safety is need (Ariss, 2003; Mozza & Wyld, 2002; Zwetsloot, 2001). ...read more.

Conclusion

178-187. Kleiman, L.S. (2000), Human Resource Management: A managerial tool competitive Advantage, South-Western, America. Macintosh, M. & Gough, R. (1998), "The impact of workplace change on occupational health and safety: A study of four manufacturing plants", Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 155-175. Mozza, M.L. & Wyld, D.C., (2002), "The carrot or the soft stick? The perspective of American safety professional on behaviour and incentive - based protection programmes", Management Research, Vol. 25, Issue 11, pp. 23-42. O'Brien, F. & Garavan, T.N. (2001), "An investigation into the relationships between safety climate and safety behaviours in Irish organisations", Irish Journal of Management, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 141-170. Pearn, M. (2003), Australian human resource management guide, CCH Australia Limited, Australia. Schulte P.A. (2002), "Approaches to sharing occupational safety and health information on a global scale", American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 210-216. Schulte, P.A., Okun, A., Stephenson, C.M., Colligan, M., Ahlers, H., Gjessing, C., Loos, G., Niemeier, R.W. & Sweeney, M.H. (2003), "Information dissemination and use: Critical components in occupational safety and health", American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 44, No. 5, pp. 515-531. Selye, H.(1956), The stress of life, McGraw-Hill,New York,NY. Stone, R.J. (2002), Human Resource Management, Queensland, John Wiley & Son Australia, Australia. Zwetsloot, G., (2001), "The Management of innovation by frontrunner companies in environment management and health and safety", Environmental Management & Health, Vol. 12, Issue 2/3, pp. 207-214. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 7 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. The Effectiveness of Brief Interventions in Reducing Binge

    A); the information sheet that explained the research to the respondents (Appendix B) and the Consent form designed for the interviewees to sign their consent to the interview (Appendix C). A similar process was conducted at Phoenix Futures, where a copy of the research proposal was submitted together with the

  2. Health promotion is an important element of the government's health agenda. Critically discuss this ...

    A model can be described as a conceptual framework. It an abstraction of reality in that it is a descriptive picture of practice which adequately represents the real thing. Models are important as they are the theories and concepts of health promotion practice.

  1. The aim of this study was to investigate the health and nutritional status of ...

    and in different neighbourhoods using Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD). Objectives The objective is to determine if participants in higher socioeconomic groups have improved health and nutritional status in comparison with lower socioeconomic groups. This will be done by examining: * Smoking prevalence * Alcohol consumption * BMI * Waist

  2. Today's healthcare environment dictates that management decisions are clinically sound, operationally efficient, financially responsible ...

    According to Delise and Leasure (2001), benchmarking is a process in which practitioners compare and measure their own practices, philosophies, policies and performance against those of high performing, high quality areas. Fitzgerald (1998) offers a more comprehensive description of the process and defines benchmarking as 'a management tool used to support and promote continuous quality improvement.

  1. Interprofessional working in mental health

    squandered, inappropriate referrals are made and time is wasted with administrative work duplicated. (Sainsbury 1997) Furthermore, it is argued that poor co-ordination decreases the ability of the various workers to respond adequately to workload variations that would impact upon clients experiencing delays for services.

  2. Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy

    5. Turn on cold tap with other hand. 6. Place tip of toothbrush under the water for 2 seconds to wet. 7. Turn off cold tap 8. Pick up toothpaste and hold over tip of toothbrush 9. Squeeze tube until a pea sized amount of paste comes out of the end 10.

  1. What is Health Psychology?

    ideology that individuals are responsible for there own health, this places the responsibility for good health on the individual and how this may be determined by lifestyle. Sheridan (1992) informs us that, this cultural value of individualism is particularly strong in regions where Health psychology has developed fastest such as the United States, Northern Europe and Australia.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    The study by Potter et al (2004) has examined factors inhibiting learning in the health care settings. As per this study, presence of symptom and absence of knowledge, medical awareness, high pressure and work load as well as waiting are the prime barriers to efficient and effective patient discharge education for spinal cord injured patients (Potter et al., 2004).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work