• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Research critique of Alun Woodhouse's 2006 article Pre-operative fasting for elective surgical patients

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐ADDAI THERESA AGYABENG M00303828 NIP 2203 Introduction Various disciplined studies have increased in the nursing profession to benefit nurses, clients and patients, according to Polit and Beck (2010). A general research has been designed into the nursing field for the development of trustworthy, evidence of essential issues, improve health and quality of life including nursing practice, education, administration and informatics. The aim of nurses? research is to understand and conduct professional practices using the best clinical evidence available in making patient care decisions. Alun Woodhouse (2006) published an article ?Pre-operative fasting for elective surgical patients? wanting to explore the knowledge, past experience, perceptions and opinions of nurses working in surgical units at a local hospital with regard to pre-operative fasting times. The purpose of this assignment is to critique the above article. Critiquing a research is to carefully and objectively evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of a study. A critique is not only to condemn the weak points of a statement but to help to promote the skillful analyses and presentation by effecting some changes in the areas that has been criticized. When critiquing, it is important to understand and appreciate the process and the framework used. ...read more.


The references of the article were from a secondary source such as books, articles and journals but do not have enough information on the topic because some of the references are not relevant the topic. There was no hypothesis but aims, the aim intended for the research was clearly stated; to explore nurses attitude, opinions and knowledge about evidence-based practice, to generate new theories on why patients fast for long pre-operatively and strategies to achieve the best practice was stated through questions. Lee (2006) stated that ?The intended aim of the research should therefore be stated and the questions the research seeks to address should be identified?. The aim of the article is neither too long nor short. According to Munhall (2011), the aim of what the researcher wants to address should be stated and explained as precisely as possible, not too long or too short. Ethical issues were identified and addressed by sending a letter of consent informing the nurses about details of agreement to participate, how the interviews would be carried out, the goals of the study, information sheets giving details of the study, their help that was required, how it would be proceeded, how the information will be handled and ultimately reported. ...read more.


The discussion was comprehensive as it reflected on nurses? perception and attitudes toward pre-operative fasting times, the use of grounded theory to generate the three categories that described and explained nurses? feelings and perceptions of their current practice. It highlighted ways that nurses can keep themselves updated with the latest evidence of pre-operative fasting times and barriers to attain the best practice in clinical settings (Parahoo, 2006). Having issues that are transferable, through grounded theory, identification and explanation of substance that forms the theories have been studied. However, care must be taken as the themes discussed cannot always be applied to the context of individual patients and nurses (Newell & Burnard, 2006). Conclusion In conclusion, pre-operative fasting times are said to be different in clinical settings and patients are given the same time to fast regardless of the time of the procedure. Having identified the perceptions and attitudes of nurses, positive findings and their expression about the ritualistic traditions of nil by mouth from mid-night, suggested that improvement should be made on the aspects of care with regards to changing practice and respect to autonomy in terms of decision making. Significant barriers within the organisation such as communication difficulties, lack of knowledge and skills, lack of education about the effects of long pre-operation fasting, all hospital policies needed to be addressed and updated for effective collaboration among healthcare professionals. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Nursing section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Nursing essays

  1. Free essay

    In this essay I am going to write on issues of confidentiality and record ...

    Nurses are to keep patients best interest in mind at all times, in order to avoid professional issues that could arise. Department of Health (DoH, 2003) "states that the duty of confidentiality arises when patient discloses information to clinicians in circumstances where it is reasonable to expect that the information will be held in confidence.

  2. My chosen skill is to assist the patients to feed and drink. I ...

    life without illness, also the "sociology of health" studies the personal experiences when someone is ill (Giddens, 2001). By doing this it was possible to understand certain behaviour patterns people adopt when they are ill and at the same time to be aware that particular diseases influence peoples behaviour and actions.

  1. A critique of a current health promotion leaflet (Level 2)

    One element of this readability is how easy the material is to understand, and to measure this the SMOG readability tool was developed (McLaughlin 1969), a tool used to calculate the comprehensibility of written material based on the number of words of three or more syllables contained within the text.

  2. a critique of qualitative study regarding diabetes treatment

    In conjunction with coding and re-coding, thematic analysis was also used. Table 2 in the research article shows key themes that were perceived by patients and their condition. However, the article does not state how it went through the thematic analysis process.

  1. A critique of a research article from a professional journal

    a 'good' question will involve some mention of the different variables involved, something that this question fails to do. Following on from this is a list of five specific hypotheses that the study aimed to examine. Despite the lack of a clear and explicit research question, these hypotheses serve to

  2. Critical appraisal

    years old should be dealt with in a different way to those who are older and have different implications on the clients health (Waugh et al 2001). A strength of the study here is the amount of clients taking part.

  1. Discuss the care pathway of an adult patient who has undergone a surgical /acute ...

    procedure that has been carried out, patients' anxiety levels pre operatively, fluids and medication given intra operatively, drain's and catheters that may be in situ and any untoward occurrences during surgery (Hatfield & Tronson, 2001). The nurse will then assist the patients' recovery, by ensuring that the patients' airway remains

  2. This locality essay is intended to help you learn how the social context of ...

    and are not fit for purpose. Mental health problems can occur from living in properties that are overcrowded, leading to loss of privacy which adversely affects mental health (Porter et al 1999), properties that are squalid, homes where people are the victims of domestic or sexual abuse (Denny and Earle,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work