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The purpose of this assignment is to explore the various roles of the Multi Professional Team (MPT) within health care provision

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Introduction

The purpose of this assignment is to explore the various roles of the Multi Professional Team (MPT) within health care provision, and further examine the importance of effective communication between its team members with relation to the delivery of health care to clients. The assignment will concentrate on two specific areas; firstly, the concept of the MPT will be discussed, along with a brief outline of the professional bodies involved and the nature of their input. Subsequent to this, the assignment will provide a reflective account of the role provided by such a team, with specific reference to the delivery of its care to a specific client. This section is intended to provide a factual case by which the MPT's input can be demonstrated, and will further concentrate on the importance of effective communication between both the MPT and the individual, exploring some of the concepts and benefits of such practice, again using examples from experience. In recent years, the move towards multi-professional approaches has been encouraged by a number of government reports (Department of Health, 2000) with the purpose of improving the quality of health care provision. To appreciate this trend, it is necessary to examine the principles that provide the fundamental basis of health care today. The concept of holism has a firm home within health care provision, and the theory of holistic care is seen to be an amalgamation of many concepts and practices within this area (Hinchliff, Norman and Schober, 1998). Over the past decades, the health profession has placed great emphasis on the relevance of holistic approaches. Holistic is here described in the sense originated by the philosopher Jan Smutts, and explained by Patterson (1998), in which 'the whole is greater than the sum of its parts'. Instead of reducing the person into functional parts, the individual is considered as a 'whole'. If such a model is to be functional, it is necessary to focus on all aspects of health that are relevant to the patients' well being, and not solely their immediate medical problem. ...read more.

Middle

Martin and Chai (1985) believe that such forms of labelling can affect an individual even after their recovery. Consequently such perceptions may be detrimental to a patient's recovery due to the potential mental affects. Therefore a conscious effort should be made in regard to the appropriateness of tone and manner when addressing a patient. In such instances, non verbal signals such as negative body language, for example crossed arms can give a patient an impression that is contrary to any verbal information that is conveyed to them, therefore, it was important to present myself in a positive confident manner. Gillis (1988) surmises that to project such an attitude gives a patient reassurance and confidence in your abilities. Additionally, Gillis supports gestures such as maintaining good eye contact, which signalled my attentiveness. This approach was important if Miss B. was to feel that her contribution and involvement was valued. Once I had sat in a comfortable position, facing Miss B. I proceeded to discuss her forthcoming plan of rehabilitation. Due to Miss B.'s dysphasia, the conversation could become somewhat one sided on occasion, however I ensured that I frequently paused during conversation in order to allow her to digest the information she was receiving. This also presented opportunity for her to indicate whether she had anything she may have wanted clarifying. As the conversation moved along, the subject of exercise was raised. I informed Miss B. that she had been referred to the physiotherapist who would be joining her shortly to begin the process of strengthening her weakened limbs and transferring out of the bed and into a chair. This information was greeted by a shout of refusal from a rather reluctant young woman. I was aware that Miss B.'s excessive size was likely to discourage her from wanting to participate in any energetic activity, especially given the fact that she would now also have additional weakness in her limbs. ...read more.

Conclusion

The cause of this is most commonly contributed to fear or uncertainty due to a feeling of vulnerability. On placement, I encountered a lady who had a history of heart failure. One particular night she presented signs of Arterial Fibrillation. Consequently the doctor was paged and meanwhile her heart was monitored by means of an ECG machine. During this time, she became increasingly distressed and as a result her pulse rate began to climb rapidly. As the doctor had not yet arrived, I became somewhat concerned and went to inform the nurse in charge of the developments. Whilst providing this information I queried as to whether the lady had been informed of what was wrong with her. Evidently in all the commotion, of contacting doctors, it had not occurred to anybody to take the time to stop and give this woman any reassurance. I asked the nurse in charge if it would be appropriate to inform this woman of what was happening, as I was unsure if it would have an even worse effect on her already poor condition. After some deliberation it was decided to inform her and I returned to the ladies bedside, pulled up a chair, lay one hand over hers and calmly started to chat to her. I explained about the irregular heart pattern that had been detected, and that the equipment was a precautionary measure to monitor her whist we waited for the doctor. Almost immediately her erratic breathing began to slow down, and her pulse rate began to drop. Five minutes later we were chatting like old friends and I was receiving tales of her life. By the time the doctor had arrived the ladies pulse was almost normal again, and she was quite relaxed. Later on after that encounter I was reflecting on the situation, and a realisation came, that quite often in our eagerness to prove our clinical and medical knowledge, we can forget the simple gestures, like a soft pat or a warm smile that can make a world of difference to a person at a time where medical expertise will provide no comfort. ...read more.

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