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The Role of Biomedical Scientists in Modern Healthcare.

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Introduction

The role of biomedical scientists IBMS (2010) defines biomedical science as "a term for the investigation carried out by the biomedical scientists on samples of tissue and body fluids to diagnose disease and monitor the treatment of patients". Pitt and Cunningham (2009) describes biomedical scientists as "scientifically qualified, registered practitioners who work in clinical pathology departments." Predominantly, biomedical science is an application of biological science into clinical medicine where biomedical scientists play a vital importance in promoting human healthcare. Their work includes performing a range of laboratory tests which assists the doctors to diagnose and decide treatments for the disease which also enables to determine the causes associated with the disease. (NHS, 2006). Cancer screening, diagnosing HIV or tumours, detecting infectious organism and blood transfusion are a few examples in regard to the laboratory tests accomplished by the biomedical scientists, who work in a hospital setting. (IBMS, 2010). According to NHS (2006), the work of biomedical scientists are "highly variable, both practically and analytically." However, the care of the patients extremely depends on the knowledge and skills of the biomedical scientist because the doctors diagnose and evaluates the effectiveness of the treatment based on the results provided by them. ...read more.

Middle

(NHS, 2006). Clinical chemistry works with the analysis of body fluids such as blood which assists in diagnosing diseases such as diabetes. (NHS, 2006) states that biomedical scientists "carry out toxicological studies, test kidney and liver functions and to help monitor therapies." Immunology associates with the human body's immune system for example, dealing with infectious disease such as AIDS. (NHS, 2006). Histopathology is the study of tissues where the samples are obtained from surgeries to detect abnormalities which cause the disease. (Pitt and Cunningham, 2009). Qualified and registered biomedical scientists are allowed to perform laboratory tests but supervision is required in exceptional cases such as in different pathology departments. (Pitt and Cunningham,2009; IBMS,2010). Biomedical scientists tend to work as a large group which includes other healthcare professionals and clinical scientists in one particular discipline and this enables to acquire the knowledge in depth. IBMS (2010) illustrates that "70% of the diagnosis are based on the pathology results provided by the biomedical scientists." Majority of their work deals with processing routine specimens, carrying out various experiments and interpreting scientific results. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hence a broader array of skills is vital to put the scientific knowledge into practical use. (IBMS, 2010). Biomedical scientists should be capable to work accurately and efficiently, as this allows executing their scientific knowledge to analyse and interpret scientific data. Good communication skills are essential and this forms an integral part in demonstrating laboratory techniques. Pitt and Cunningham (2009) highlights that as "a registered practitioner, a biomedical scientist can work autonomously" which means that they are expected to be able to prioritise tasks such as planning and experimenting laboratory tests. Biomedical scientists need to be updated regularly with modern scientific advances and current issues on pathology. Over the biomedical scientist trainee period, technical and transferable skills are developed in order that they can progress into senior roles. Professionals are expected to work at highest standards of conduct set by the professional body. Biomedical scientists play a major role in supporting patient care through their diagnostic investigations which aids the clinicians to decide the effective treatments. It is however a "rewarding and challenging" career which gives immense opportunities to develop expertise in various disciplines. (Pitt and Cunningham, 2009; IBMS, 2010). ...read more.

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