• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Role of the Nurse in Health Promotion

Extracts from this document...


The Role of the Nurse in Promoting Health Introduction Over the last few decades the promotion of a healthy lifestyle has attracted a huge amount of attention. Health has obviously been a well discussed issue politically and culturally (Bunton et al., 1995). This paper offers a history of the development of the idea of promoting health in order to properly understand what is meant by the term. The role of the nurse in health promotion is explored with specific reference to a patient undergoing bowel surgery. In order to do this a health promotion model is chosen by critically comparing two different models, and a health promotion strategy for the patient is developed using this model. For the purpose of this paper The World Health Organisation (WHO) definition of health will be used. WHO describe health as not just about ones physical condition or absence of disease but encompasses a persons mental and emotional state, their social and societal position and their spiritual and sexual condition (WHO, 2010a). Health Promotion Health promotion is a phrase that can be used on a global, national or individual scale. Its exact meanings and the action taken to promote health can be different at different levels. For example a government will promote health in a very different way to a nation or community than a nurse will promote health to an individual or family on a hospital ward. It was not until the end of the 70's that the term health promotion became popular, however in under 10 years it became a powerful factor on the formation of national policy (Parish, 1995). The WHO defines health promotion as a process of empowerment. That is giving people the power to take control of and improve their own health. It does not just involve intervention in the behaviour of individuals but must include societal and environmental considerations (WHO, 2010b)". ...read more.


to be expelled. They are created for a wide range of reasons but it is beyond the scope of this assignment to cover them all. They are, however, only created when there is no or little other alternative and when an illness is going to deteriorate without the surgery (White, 1997). Having a stoma is a huge change for any person. Needless to stay having moving a person's anus to their abdomen can cause them a wide range of problems and it is the job of a nurse to help them learn to manage and cope with their new stoma. This help is a form of health promotion, and in order for a person to return to health promptly a health promotion strategy must be put in place. For any health promotion strategy to be successful it must be well planned, implicated and then evaluated (Whitehead, 2003). This author will design a health promotion strategy for client X using Beattie's model of health promotion as a starting point. Implicating this strategy will not be possible as this is a theoretical piece of work; however ways that the strategy could be evaluated after use will be discussed later. This model was selected for its relative simplicity and the ease at which it can be understood. Potential Negative Influences on the Health of Client X Personal image problems are not uncommon with this kind of surgery (Brown and Jacqueline, 2005). Client X now excretes faecal waste from a hole in his abdomen and has to wear a special pouch to collect it, which will be referred to here as a stoma appliance. These appliances, although designed to be discrete, are still different from anything anyone else normally has to wear. Client X is still young and is soon to be married. It can be assumed he has an active sex life and personal image issues could cause problems with sex. ...read more.


model of health promotion (Beattie, 1991), it can be shown that nurses have are involved with most types of health promotion activity. It has already been shown that nurses play a large part in educating individual patients about their health. Nurses also educate communities or groups of people. Examples of this include members of the Student Nurse Organisation increasing awareness of the need to donate blood at Salem Community College (Bournias, 2008), research nurses publishing evidence based papers on best nursing practice or nurse educators who train student nurses. Nurses regularly carry out activities that fit into the disease prevention domain. Tasks as simple as turning patients with reduced mobility to reduce the chances of pressure sores are forms of disease prevention to individuals as is the reduction of disability or complications caused by a chronic disease by implementing rehabilitation (USPSTF, 2010), even if this means a nurse referring a patient in their care to another member of the multi disciplinary team. Health protection involves legal and legislative activities which are less within the direct control of most nurses. It is possible however for nurses to influence local hospital policy and even national law by providing research and educating the right people about their working experiences. These are only a few examples of nursing activities which cover most of Tannahill's three main domains and there are countless others that will overlap to cover the other combined domains. WHO defines health promotion as a form of empowerment (WHO, 2010b) giving people control over their own health. While this is a undoubtedly a large part of health promotion the activities described in this paper suggest that the role of the nurse in health promotion goes further than this and the author proposes the following definition. The role of the nurse in health promotion includes any activity carried out by a nurse or nurses which has a positive influence over the health, as defined by the WHO (WHO, 2010a), of an individual, group of individuals or community. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Nursing section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Nursing essays

  1. The aim of this essay is to critically evaluate the bio-psycho-social perspectives and influences ...

    When separation occurs individuals may feel strong overpowering feelings of sadness and anxiety (Buglass, 2010). Separation sadly due to death is irreversible (Goldenburg, et al, 2010). An individual such as Mrs Jones is not predominantly grieving the loss of their companion animal.

  2. The aim of this essay is to look at how infection control and the ...

    not be removed until dressing applied and surgery completed (Radford et al, 2004). Infection can not be totally eliminated and has serious consequences for the patient; however the risk of contracting infection can be reduced by adhering to infection control procedures and policies such as effective hand washing, wearing the appropriate personal protecting equipment.

  1. This assignment looks at mental health and mental illness. It defines the differences ...

    Angry gestures or unwillingness to do something maybe their way of communicating likewise a smile when something pleases them, (Bupa, 2009) Mrs White would often smile when I took the time to comb her hair and tell her how lovely she looked or a simple hold of her hand to provide reassurance where appropriate.

  2. The Role of a Nurse as First Assistant

    have a duty in civil law as well as in the guidelines set by UKCC to refuse to act, thereby ensuring patient safety. Lack of experience is never an excuse for incompetent care, once a duty of care is breached causing harm to the patient, the result is a charge of negligence.

  1. A critique of a current health promotion leaflet (Level 2)

    therefore culturally biased which could reduce the relevance of the campaign on the desired audience (Griffin et al 2003). Images within this leaflet although colourful, do not support or help explain the leaflets key points. Evidence suggests that illustration in written health information can aid recall and promote understanding of the written material (Houts et al 2006c)

  2. Health Promotion and Policy This assignment will look at an ...

    Hannah smokes 30 cigarettes per day, and worries how she will cope when she attempts to quit. She may be unaware of the services and aids available to her, as health professionals it is our job to educate and promote them.

  1. This assignment is based on a critical incident experienced by a student nurse while ...

    Feelings I was surprised that Edward had his own bay of patients even though there were meetings scheduled in his diary for that day. I was wondering why Edward chose to reschedule the meeting. I thought he could have brought in a nurse from the nurse bank or agency, although it is not possible sometimes.

  2. Explore in relation to a client you have nursed psychosocial influences on the individuals ...

    unhealthy behaviour, they must then go on to perceive the benefits of changing their behaviours and then put this into action. The theory on rational non-adherence could be a factor on why Katy is engaging in risk taking behaviour as people who believe this, do not believe that complying with

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work