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AS and A Level: Art & Design

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  1. The Renasissance

    Renaissance society was very different from feudal society of the middle ages. The Medieval world was built around the nearest manor and most everyday activities had to do with a manor or castle. By the time of the Renaissance, towns in southern Europe had grown greatly in size. The wealthy people who lived in Renaissance society had more spare time and money than in the Middle Ages. This meant they could spend more time studying new ideas and had more money to truly patronize the arts.

    • Word count: 494
  2. Can Creativity exist without emotion?

    George Keller Creativity is stemmed from the information and experiences that are present around us in the world. From the information that our brain recieves, we process it and use it to shape the raw material that is seen in the real world (ie, paintings, etc). Before I continue it is important to define what emotion involves. Emotion can be defined as an engine that drives our actions. It can also be defined as a language that is exerted through our actions. Emotions are uncontrollable, they are a simple mental state that arises spontaneously. To expain the existance of creativity with emotion, I am going to use the example of an artist.

    • Word count: 590
  3. The Bargain. The exhibition hall was packed with people jostling for space in the poorly-ventilated gallery. Tourists and curious visitors

    "Showcasing their work instead of mine? The audacity!" Arthur Brown thought and cursed under his breath. It was a privilege, no, a right that he and his associates should be there to put the museum authorities in their places. It was he who had worked to submit application after application for his works to be showcased to the world, and now the museum would not let him have even the crust off the pie, only to give it to other artisans whose work paled in comparison to his. He deserved the credit, or at least given an opportunity for one of his pieces to see the world, not a thank-you note that meant nothing, nothing at all to the hours that he put in.

    • Word count: 1219
  4. David Hockney 2 paintings

    Hockney is pointing out that this image is carefully constructed to coordinate patterns of form. The use of close ups makes the viewer feel near to the character in this picture. The artist has created darkness across the background with pin points of light which focus our attention to the character in the swimming pool. The mood of the work is reinforced by the palette of colours Hockney has used in this picture. The blues and greens dominate the picture which creates a balanced atmosphere.

    • Word count: 569
  5. On the whole, David Hockney was an interesting artist to work from. I think that his early paintings and his photographic work

    Paintings such as 'Study of George Lawson-1974' and 'Mr & Mrs Clark' are some of Hockney's classical work. These images are examples of his early creations which were not as popular as now to his present work. I think that his early approach to painting was too formal which doesn't make it interesting piece to look at from the viewer's point of view. Hockney's style then changed from oil to acrylic paints, applying them as a smooth surface of flat and brilliant colour that helped to emphasise the image. The 'Canyon painting- 1978' was the first painting Hockney using his new style of technique, by using big brushes loaded with paint.

    • Word count: 530
  6. Susan Sontag (on photography) has argued that Diane Arbus's photographs suggest "a world in which everybody is an alien, hopelessly isolated, immobilized in mechanical, crippled identities and relationships". Critically discuss this view of Arbus's work

    Alien is a strong choice of word, it immediately conjures up the idea that none of us are alike. Because Arbus's work is solely visual, with little or no notes on her photographs it is visual examples of individuality that we look for. Arbus separates people with the camera; she puts them into a separate box away from everybody else. Even her portrait of two twin girls seems to draw a line between them (one is smiling, the other is not).

    • Word count: 2168
  7. Discuss some of the ways that postmodern photographic practice questions, critiques, or opposes Modernist notions of photography

    The use of photography was kept relatively simple. Documentary was very much perceived as its sole use at this time. Work by people such as Charles Marville and Eadweard Muybridge are excellent examples. Additionally the concept that the photograph had to be technically perfect was a key thought of Modernist photography, especially in the early 20th century when black and white film was reaching its height of quality. An Example of this can be the photographers of group f/64. The groups key idea being that high quality was key to creating fine art photography.

    • Word count: 3210
  8. Henri Matisse - the green line

    Both the background and foreground, nevertheless, are portrayed as being more or less entirely two dimensional. A main consequence of this is that the fore- and backgrounds appear to incorporate one another, and Madame Matisse gives the impression to becoming a slight recognition of a portrait within a portrait. The space in the portrait is relatively flat, accompanied only by a subtle allusion of depth which is exemplified by the dark area of shading above the subject's left shoulder. The perspective of the composition is wholly anterior, as her torso is slanting to the left complimented by her head, tilted vaguely to the right.

    • Word count: 1135
  9. Surrealism - artists and techniques.

    In order to clarify these concepts, I will explain the properties used in this surrealist painting by Max Ursnt. In this painting (Oil on canvas), the animal shown is clearly imaginary, however it is made up from animals which do exist in reality e.g The head resembles a bird, and the left foot resembles a horses hoof. A major unrealistic factor in the painting is the sheer size of the animal. If the painting was given to a scientist, that scientist would explain many reasons why the animal could never grow to that size.

    • Word count: 6325
  10. A Comparison of Contemporary and Traditional Religious Art

    F.N Souza produced a unique style of abstract art, authentically to the expressive modernism inspired by Picasso. This is shown in all his work in a variety of media. His paintings consist of heavy sharp paint strokes of contrasting colours, the bold colours representing spiritual and sexual attributes. Souza wanted each piece of art to have an undertone, whether it was a controversial view of religion or sexual innuendo, each piece when closely analysed expressed a strong message. I viewed such pieces as 'Two Saints on a Landscape' and 'The Crucifixion', displayed at the Tate Britain. 'The Crucifixion' I specifically analysed, as I've never seen the crucifixion portrayed in such an ironic way.

    • Word count: 981
  11. "Taoism explains art and art explains Taoism. Art validates Taoism's identification of the fundamental principles of reality." (B. Willis). How far would you agree with this view?

    To the Taoists, there is only one reality, and that is the Tao4. "Tao" or "the Way" is the core of Taoism, it is a force which flows through all life and is the first cause of everything.5 It can be nothing, yet it can also be everything; It is something that can only be experienced but not explained.6 Therefore, Tao is a spiritual principle, it is one that deals with the primary nature of things, with our own inner self, with the nature of being and the being of nature,7 with the very roots and firmaments of what it means to be alive and what life is.

    • Word count: 2542
  12. General Franco ordered the bombing of the Basque town of Guernica on 26 April 1937.

    During the inventive period of cubism and the years of QWorld War I his interests were purely artistic. His output of the twenties shows little concern for politics; yet in the thirties a tension exerted itself in his painting that paralleled the political events unfolding in Europe. Of equal significance for the artist's work of the period were the personal difficulties that he was undergoing. The beginning of the Spanish Civil War changed Picasso's attitude about politics. Picasso did not support Franco as originally believed. In May of 1937 he issued a statement giving his position. Prior to the bombing of Guernica, Picasso issued two etchings that responded to the horrors of the civil war.

    • Word count: 1620
  13. I chose to research fantastic and strange because many of my favourite artists lie in that category dali and Hirst

    Were they based on dreams he had? , or totally made up? I wanted to know! 'I do not paint a portrait to look like the subject; rather does the person grow to look like his portrait.' This is the quote that inspired me to involve Dali in my project. Why I picked Damien Hirst. I picked to do Damien hirst as part of my project because I think his work is some of the strangest I have ever seen. I often look at work he has done and think 'do I actually like this?'

    • Word count: 1582
  14. A discussion on Sandro Botticelli.

    Botticelli experienced a religious crisis, however, after the rise of the monk Savonarola in the 1490's and burned many of his own works, thinking them pagan and immoral. Although he is now considered one of the most individual painters of the Italian Renaissance, Sandro Botticelli remained little known for centuries after his death. He died in poverty and was supported by his long-time patrons, the Medici's. His work was rediscovered late in the 19th century by a group of artists in England, known as the Pre-Raphaelites.

    • Word count: 1229
  15. Art History Question:Examine Steenwyck's Still Life: An Allegory of the Vanities of Human Life, 1621, (Illustration Book, Colour Plate 10) Write an account of this painting

    This makes us look into the picture. The artist uses a variety of colours. This includes a yellow skull, a brown vessel, pink satin, a black and gold sword and a green piece of cloth. These objects are placed on a dark table and together with a dark background, the objects capture the viewer's attention. The tonal range in this picture is wide. The artist uses tone to portray the objects. There is great attention to detail. The objects each portray a different quality. The vessel is matte, whereas the shell is shiny. The artist is able to use tone and lighting to achieve this.

    • Word count: 1471
  16. What was new about Michelangelo's treatment of religious themes in sculpture?

    Even during his earliest and least sophisticated works, Michelangelo's sculpture was noted and distinguished due to his unusual interpretation of the subject choice. It is a mark of Michelangelo's talent as a sculptor that after just his first year as an apprentice with the artist Ghirlandaio, and despite a relatively late start as an artist at the age of thirteen, he came to the notice of the renowned Florentine artist Lorenzo de' Medici. Within the esteemed circle of Medici2, Michelangelo had the freedom to absorb the work of many masters of the early Renaissance period, giving him the opportunity to develop his highly individual style of work.

    • Word count: 1957
  17. Self, Body and Portrait

    They see fashionable "facility" as resulting from a rift between mind and body, in which the outer, visibilities of life have taken over the authority of soul and spirit: "Paintings, tattoos or masks on the skin embrace the multi - dimensionality of bodies. Even masks ensure the heads belonging to the body rather than making it a face...Shaman, warrior and hunter organisations or power, fragile and precarious, are all the more spiritual by virtue of the fact that they operate through corporeality, animality and vegetality."

    • Word count: 4086
  18. Discuss the development of the career of Damien Hirst

    Some of his greatest commercial works are his 'spin-paintings' such as Beautiful, Kiss my fxxxing ass in which one of his assistants pours paint onto a revolving canvas to create the strange, swirling brightly coloured effect. These paintings, he claims, were inspired by the children's programme Blue Peter and reflect the bright, do-it-yourself message of the program. Hirst's point is that the 'spin-paintings' impart the same message to all who see them. Critics, however, take a different view of these works, which they claim are used to inflate the prices of his work on the market, and will lead to a price bubble.

    • Word count: 1212
  19. With changes in culture, come changes in art.

    The redesigning of Paris resulted in the demolition of hundreds of buildings and neighbourhoods, some home to many pre-existing brothels. Therefore, there was a big move into the city by many people, including a large number of prostitutes. The stimulating and new atmosphere and activity began to inspire and attract artists known as the Realists from the art movement of Realism. These particular artists chose to focus their interests on worldly, real, raw and pure subjects. They wished to create simple art, painting exactly what they saw and how they saw it.

    • Word count: 1752
  20. Georgia O'Keeffe

    She completed high school as a boarder at Chatham Episcopal Institute in Virginia, graduating in 1905. After receiving her diploma in 1905 she for left Chicago to live with an aunt and attend the Art Institute of Chicago. She did not return to the Institute the following year after a bout with Typhoid Fever. Instead, in 1907 she enrolled at the Art Student League in New York City. In fall 1908 O'Keeffe returned to Chicago, where she worked as an illustrator.

    • Word count: 1223
  21. Artist Profile : Jean-Michel Basquiat

    One year later, he and Diaz quit school and survived by selling T-shirts and postcards. In the following years his works became recognised in his area and in 1980, he began exhibiting his work around New York with the help of two artists, Keith Haring and Barbara Kruger. From 1980 to late 1982, Basquiat painted gestures on canvas, most often representing skeletal figures and mask-like faces that expressed his obsession with mortality, and imagery derived from his street existence, such as cars, buildings, police, children's sidewalk, games and graffiti.

    • Word count: 419
  22. Techniques of the Selected Works of Two Comic Strip Authors (L'Autoroute du Soleil by Baru and Journal d'un Album - L'anne dernire by Phillipe Dupuy)

    Bande Dessin�e: Techniques of the Selected Works of Two Comic Strip Authors (L'Autoroute du Soleil by Baru and Journal d'un Album - L'ann�e derni�re by Phillipe Dupuy) Background Bande Dessin�e (BD) or francophone "drawn strips" -a term preferred by BD authors and scholars as opposed to "comic strips", which they sustain would imply limitation of subject-matter to the comical (Wikipedia, 2005)- is also known as the Ninth Art or le neuvi�me art. Two important, award-winning exponents of the ninth art are Baru (born Herv� Barulea, 1947, France)

    • Word count: 2013
  23. ANDY WARHOL PERSONAL STUDY "If you want to know about Andy Warhol, just look at the surface of my paintings and films and me

    Not only do I not have the movement to go by, but also they frequently change hairstyles and even hair colour. So I am stuck. Warhol obviously had the same problem: "and you know I never recognise anybody, but somehow I picked him out because he had that walk...." He met a lady and wondered why she looked familiar; he had just done her portrait. He failed to recognise the person he sat next to in church every week and also a girl opposite him at a dinner party, until after an hour when he was told her name.

    • Word count: 2941
  24. I enjoyed the responses I made to Andy Goldsworthys' sculptures because they're bizarre and irregular sculptures such as synthetic onto organic forms encouraged me to explore the theme more.

    This was difficult because the leaves were on a table and therefore kept moving. However I think this technique was overall unsuccessful because Andy Goldsworthys' holes looked very genuine and authentic with a proper structure of a hole. On the other hand, the hole I cut looked rather forged because I simply used a black paper underneath the leaves and the shadow lining of the leaves became easily noticed on the paper. Horse chestnut leaves Cambridge, England 24 July 1986 Footprint using ICT As a response to both Goldsorthys, and Longs approach to nature, I took a photo of a shoeprint I made on mud, and a photo of small rocks from the schools Japanese garden.

    • Word count: 1164
  25. Film is the most important art form of the 20th Century - Discuss

    After moving image was born, inventors and photographers progressed to invent equipment known as The Electro-Tachyscope, The Kinetoscope, The Vitascope and more early forms of the Motion Camera, these adapted until the present day. We have numerous different types of Motion Camera today, each offering a slightly different type of image, depending on what the filmmakers are trying to achieve. As well as just capturing the image, today's cameras are also able to record sound, add effects and some even offer an editing option within the camera itself!

    • Word count: 1642

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