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AS and A Level: Art & Design
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The development of the Bauhaus unfolded more or less in tandem with the history of the first German republic. Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus in 1919 in Wiemar, where the national assembly had met to draw up a democratic consultation. This then led to the closure of the Bauhaus in 1933. Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer became architects and architecture teachers at Harvard university whilst Laszlo Moholy-nagy founded the new Bauhaus in Chicago in 1937. The Bauhaus continued to attract people even after the official closure, it was like a tribute to it's achievements in the few years that it had been open.
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As history has demonstrated, humans rebel against change, such as with the case of the Impressionists. Van Gough painted some of the most stunning paintings the world has ever known. However, his style of painting was different from the accepted style of the time, and so he died a pauper, his artwork having been rejected by society. Thus, although new knowledge, in the form of art, was introduced, a change in the general art style did not take effect. One may even say that no progress has taken place. However, let's not forget that progress is gradual.
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This was the beginning of a series of familial tragedies in Munch?s life: His sister Sophie also died of tuberculosis in 1877 at the age of 15, another of his sisters spent most of her life institutionalized for mental illness, and his one brother died of pneumonia at age 30. In 1879, Munch began attending a technical college to study engineering but left just a year later when his interest in art overtook his interest in engineering. In 1881, he enrolled at the Royal School of Art and Design.
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The work Bathers by Cezanne is a classical Impressionist style and Bathing Nymphs by Vecchio has the conventional style of art from the Renaissance period.
There are dark, bold and unrealistic colours used for shading with a green and blue being used throughout, although some black is used which is quite unusual for an Impressionist style of painting. In Vecchio?s painting the women are spread out and very detailed, very light brush strokes are given to the outline of the women to give a very natural and realistic feel about the whole piece.
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His artistic development was sadly accompanied by multiple unhappy love affairs, a failed marriage and a very turbulent emotional life. In 1907 he was heavily influenced by the works of Vincent Van Gogh, which was surprising as Van Gogh was not well known during his lifetime or for a while after his death. Both Marc and Van Gogh found great meanings in insignificant things. This, in turn, led to Marc?s career in symbolism. From 1907 onwards, Marc started to use animals as subjects for his artwork.
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This gives the effect that we are viewing this scene through a dense but richly coloured haze. A huge percentage of this painting is water, he makes the water intensely layered, yet the translucency of the water is depicted beautifully by the fact that every layer is visible. This image is really simple, yet it seems carefully selected and perfectly balanced, too perfect to be an accident of nature. The paint in the image is applied in very visible strokes and in varying degrees of thickness, this heightens the sense of physicality and movement of the scene depicted but at the same time makes it very apparent that we are looking at a painting.
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With my work I made an eroded surface using foil and small brick marks with edges of tools. I then made a small section in the clay using a ruler and making much sharper bricks to indicate the difference. AS Later once this clay piece had been put through the kiln I used black copper oxides on very specific areas, and only glazed the modern looking aspect of the work. Although I do like this piece of work I believe that if I was to do this again, I would make it so as that it was a similar shape to the other work in my final piece.
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How does colour affect the mood of the art work? Examination of paintings by Monet, Pollock and Kandinsky.
He tends to use black a lot in his paintings, maybe showing darkness, despair and loneliness. The colours he generally uses are very earth, nothing too bright. Kandinsky has a more structural approach to his paintings, and is also an expressionist artist, although he got his early inspiration from Monet who is an Impressionist artist. He uses a variety of bold colours and shapes in his paintings, which take a lot of thought into structuring the initial idea. He focuses on the geometrical side of art, which include use of shapes which are structured in a certain way.
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Bruegels painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus is an oil painting which incorporates the Greek myth of Icarus,
Character placement and size gives a forced perspective of the main characters; the farmer, the shepherd and the fisherman. The farmer is placed in the center of the landscape and depicted in a bright red shirt to draw the attention of the viewer away from Icarus. The shepherd is distracted and looking in the opposite direction of Icarus. The fisherman, although close to Icarus, is far more noticeable since like the farmer he is wearing the color red. The light used in this piece also adds to the perspective, the farmer and shepherd are basked in light, whereas Icarus is cloaked in darkness and surrounded by waves, diminishing him from the view of the observer.
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Sometimes her work is achromatic, whereas in other pieces, it is full with an array of bright colours. In my opinion, her achromatic works are more powerful than the colourful works because they are minimalistic, yet the true story and meaning of the painting is so clear to see. Although it is said that paintings with colour are eye-catching, sometimes I feel the minimalism route speaks more. When it comes to using colour, however, Paula knows how to tell her story in her art.
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The Famous eight went on to showcase their works at a exhibit at Macbeth Gallery found in New york. Their works were stepping stones to change, such as the way human figures were drawn. Luks went on to teach at the Art students League as well as founding his own school. Luks was a heavy drinker and this resulted to his death. George Luks was found dead in the early hours of the morning after his involvement in a Bar room brawl. Analysis The mood of this painting is fierce and this is seen or described by the artists combination of colors.
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KYLE presents a disaster scene in his acrylic painting Obliteration. The painting depicts, what can be seen as, a tsunami consuming ocean front property
There is debris in all corners of the painting that is being carried away by the raging waters. The picture has a darkish theme, where the light of the sky is hidden by clouds from the storm. The water shows reflections of the sinking buildings. The picture gives the viewer a since of the tragedy by how the waves surround the buildings and the debris and take them away. Showing hurricane Andrews full force and how it destroyed the town. Since KYLE uses realistic images of what you might see if you were caught in a storm like Hurricane Andrew, he relies on the body language of the man and the destruction of buildings to convey the message in this painting.
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Crafted so beautifully to the likeness of a rainforest it can make one think of jungle. Its bright green color reflected on the mirrored textured floor brings a water feel to the piece making it even more tranquil. I feel as though the artist created it to show the viewer that beauty is anything and anything can be made with beauty. ?In the Thicket of It? is an installation piece. Touches of pink, yellow and a little orange accent the dominant green and brown that make up the majority of the piece.
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Low aperture is a good way to create depth of field in the photo which leads to creating perspective. The picture to the right is also a good example of low aperture. The lower the aperture, the blurrier the background will become which is what the photographer has done here. By decreasing the aperture it brings the intended subject to the front of the frame making you see it before anything else pictured in the frame. Shutter Speed is also used within photojournalism but not as much as the rule of thirds and aperture. It is used to capture quick movements such as the kingfisher in motion but for events that will be placed in the news.
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Piet Zwart considered himself as a hybrid between a typographer and an architect. Piet Zwart was awarded the title of ?Designer of the Century? in 2000. ?Among the few I have indicated, is there no dynamic man of action, the rebel who will help determine the aspect of the collective expression of tomorrow? Ponder this question and know that to make beautiful creations for the sake of their aesthetic value will have no social significance tomorrow, will be nonsensical self-gratification.
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Later this influenced the way he painted. He made this comment ?My paintings does not come from the easel. I prefer to take tack the unstretch canvas to the hard wall or floor. I need the resistance of the hard surface. On the floor I am more at ease. I feel nearer, more part of the painting, since this way I can walk around the painting, work from all four sides of the painting and literally be in the painting?.
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Animals have been obvious in art for an incredibly long time, but the use of subject matter has not always been truly understood or questioned in art. Whilst anyone can look at a picture of a horse or a group of lions there meaning is never truly understood and a viewer will leave the art work thinking about the beauty of the animals rather than if there is a deeper meaning. For example, showing a horse or a herd or horses in a painting represents ?Stamina and Power?.
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For my first chapter I've chosen to study the work ?The Birth of Venus? by Botticelli. This is because of Venus? Goddess like presentation and sense of importance that expresses the significance of women. For my second chapter I?m going to look at Edouard Manet?s wonderful pieces that portray women in all their beauty. ?Olympia? is one of them; it is very similar to the work of Botticelli with the strong appearance of prominence though it was set in far more casual scenery.
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These colours are neither striking nor attractive and thus give the painting a dismal and dreary outlook. This could be Picasso?s intention, to make the painting look dispirited, showing the futility of war. On the top left hand corner of the painting, there is a hybrid of a one eyed bull and a horse. The Bull could be used to represent bull-fighting, which was very famous in Spain in that period of time. The horse could then be interpreted as war-animals as Horses were means of transport during 1937. This hybrid thus highlights the violence of the war as by mixing both the bull and horse together, it would show the violent nature of the animal and thus the violence of war.
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Whilst at a Festival, I decided to set up a camera to take a photo every 30-seconds. I left the camera unattended for quite a long period of time so that people became accustomed to it. This way they were able to act naturally around the camera. I thought this was successful as through a different means of equipment, (I used a time-lapse project-cam instead of my Nikon D3000) I was able to photograph the same people from before, acting in as much less self-conscious manor. I believe that the idea of using a different type of camera worked well for people weren?t so consciously aware they were being photographed.
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This appears to the case in William Egglestons? ?Untitled? from his series Los Alamos. People use these criteria and make snap judgements when looking at photographs, whether this is on a subconscious level or not- although it is usually the former. However, we forget that a photograph is simply a compression of the three dimensional world and that there are many contextual factors that we need to incorporate in order to fully understand an image. One of the most important factors in my opinion is the discriminating decisions we make, as photographers, when capturing an image i.e.
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