In this assignment I will be describing the different team leadership styles

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Unit 2 Assignment

In this assignment I will be describing the different team leadership styles, comparing the different leadership styles and evaluating the effectiveness of different leadership styles used in the public services.

•        Authoritarian (autocratic)

This style is used when leaders tell their members what they want done and how they want it accomplished, without getting the advice of their followers. This is used in the UPS, mainly by the military as you can’t afford to have people questioning you when the situation requires a split second decision and lives depend on it. I think the authoritarian style should only be used on rare occasions unless in the military. If you have the time and want to gain more commitment and motivation from your employees, then you should use the participative style.


•        Democratic

 This style involves the leader including one or more members in the decision making process (determining what to do and how to do it). However, the leader maintains the final decision making authority. This is used in the UPS, and can be used by the Police. Here is an example scenario:

Simon is a Senior Community Police Officer involved in an initiative to reduce the amount of youth crime occurring in the centre of a large city. He has called a meeting to discuss what the current problems are, how effective current preventative action is and to create a plan to move forward in achieving the local authority’s goals. Many organisations are involved in this initiative such as Social Services, youth action groups, the Probation Service, Victim Support and local business owners. All of them have sent senior representatives to this important meeting. After reviewing his preparation notes for the meeting, Simon decides to take a democratic approach to the meeting rather than using another style because everyone can have an input and Simon may find better ways to tackle the youth crime that he didn’t think of. Personally, I think using this style has a mutual benefit — it allows everyone to become part of the team and it allows you to make better decisions.

•        Laissez-Fair

Laissez-faire leadership is a type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions. The laissez-faire approach is a good one to use when dealing with expert staff who may know a great deal more about a subject than the leader themselves on a specific issue. In a public service context, a good example of this would be a murder enquiry where the supervising officer would employ a laissez-faire approach to a scene-of-crime officer or a forensic investigator. The experts know what they are there to do and can be safely left to get on with it, leaving the supervising officer free to attend to other tasks. Laissez-faire leadership is not ideal in situations where group members lack the knowledge or experience they need to complete tasks and make decisions. Some people are not good at setting their own deadlines, managing their own projects and solving problems on their own. In such situations, projects can go off-track and deadlines can be missed when team members do not get enough guidance or feedback from leaders. However, it is useful in situations where group members are highly skilled, motivated and capable of working on their own.

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•        Transactional

Transactional leadership, also known as managerial leadership, focuses on the role of supervision, organization and group performance. This theory bases leadership on a system of rewards and punishments. Transactional leadership is often used in business; when employees are successful, they are rewarded; when they fail, they are reprimanded or punished. Transactional leadership really focuses less on what we'd usually refer to as leadership, and more on management - in particular the management of rewards and punishments.

•        Transformational

 Transformational leadership is a type of leadership style that leads to positive changes in those who follow. Transformational leaders are ...

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