• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30

Nowadays Information System (IS) has become a vital component of successful organisation particularly for manager in order for organisation to grow and survive.

Extracts from this document...


1.0 Introduction. 'As Information system (IS) can be defined technically as a set of interrelated components that collect (or retrieve), process, store and distribute information to support decision making, coordination, and control in an organization.' (Lauden, Lauden, 2003, pg7) However, Information System has to go through three basic activities, which include input, processing, and output in order to transform its raw data into essential information. Meanwhile, from the business prospective, IS represents an organizational and management solution based on information technology to a challenge posed by the environment. (Lauden, Lauden, 2003, pg31) Information System is useful for helping organizations to deal with changes in global economies and business enterprise. Firms use Information System on communication and analytic tools for conducting trade and managing business on a global sale. Besides that, Information System is the basic of service in knowledge economies; new knowledge based products and help firms manage their knowledge assets. By using Information System, a business can adopt flatter, more decentralized structures and more flexible arrangement of employees and managements. (Laudon, Laudon, 2003 pg30) Nowadays Information System (IS) has become a vital component of successful organisation particularly for manager in order for organisation to grow and survive. With Information System, it can provide companies with require practical and functional information that leads to efficient, operation, competitive advantage and effective management. On the other hand, Information System can critically damage and negatively effect it prospect as well as bring dissatisfaction and unable to fulfill all the requirements for success and survival if Information System appropriately sustain the business objective operation strategy of an organisation. Therefore, this report contains the result of research about a real case study. - " Cisco Systems: Poster Child for the Digital Firm?" Significantly, the purpose of this report is to critically analyze why an Information System is commonly designed to be efficient, as opposed to effective and thus evaluate why it fails to deliver in practice what business managers require from their system .It is particularly important in an attempt to increase the efficient and improve performance of Information System in organization's operation. ...read more.


The relationship becomes critical when management plans for the future. The business will depend on the systems capability in prospect of the businesses. Quality of information systems in the organization will expand on the market share, high-quality pr low cost producer, developing new products, and increasing employees' productivity. (Laudon and Laudon, 2003, pg15) 3.3 Learning to Use Information Systems: New Opportunities with Technology There are some source of problem, issue and challenge for managers although information systems have created several of exciting opportunities for both business and individuals. The Emerging Digital Firm Electronic Business Electronic Commerce Firms Figure 2: Electronic Commerce and Electronic Business in the Emerging Digital Firms. Illustrates above had shown that a digital firm creating intensive use of internet and digital technology for electronic commerce and electronic business. Information can flow easily among the company ad external unit such as, supplies, customers, and business partners. The organization will move towards to the digital firm vision as organization using internet, intranet, and extranets to manage their internal processes and their relationships with customers, suppliers, and other external entities . (Laudon and Laudon, 2003, pg23) 3.4 How Information System lead to the Successful of Cisco In early 2000, the valuations of Cisco reach $555 billion and stock price increases $80 per share. The use of Information System has lead to the successful of Cisco as the invention increase the sales forecast. Introducing Information System has reorganizing every problem factor to be solved and this has increased the work speed and efficiency. Information Systems that created by the technology market has helped the products and services to be more liquidity. Beside that, manufacturers and retailers are started to use information systems to create products and services that are custom- tailored to fit the specifications of individual customers from achievement of Cisco. 3.4.1 Strategy According to the case, the use of Information System and Internet has become the key of success of Cisco Company. ...read more.


3.) The Information Architecture and Infrastructure Challenge. (How can organizations develop an information architecture and information technology infrastructure that can support their goals when business conditions and technologies are changing so rapidly?) * Meeting the business and technology challenges of today's digital economy requires redesigning the organization and building new information architecture and information technology (IT) infrastructure. * Information architecture is a design for the business application systems that serves each functional specialty and level of the organization and the specific ways that they are used by each organization. (Refer to Appendix 3 for the "Chart of Major Elements of Information Architecture") 4.) The Information System Investment Challenge. (How can organizations determine the business value of information system?) * A major problem raised by the development of powerful inexpensive computers involves not technology but management and organizations. 5.) The Responsibility and Control Challenge. (How can organizations ensure that their information systems are used in an ethically and socially responsible manner?) * Managers will also face with ongoing problems of security and control. * Information systems are so essential business, government, and daily life that organizations must take special steps to ensure that they are accurate, reliable, and secure. * Information systems must be designed so that they function as intended and so that humans can control the process. Table 2: The Challenge of Information Systems: Key Management Issues Sources from: Lauden, KC, Lauden, JP, 2003, "Essentials of Management Information Systems', Prentice Hall 3.5 Positive and Negative Impacts of Information System Besides the strengths and limitations of Information Systems that exist in Cisco System which able to lead to its success and failure, there are still a number of positive and negative impacts of Information System in organizations as well as in individual aspects. The table below illustrates the positive and negative impact of Information System today. Benefit of Information Systems Negative Impacts. 1. Information can perform calculations or process paperwork much faster than people. 2. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    business online

    4 star(s)

    http://www.tesco.com/csr/b/b.html Task 2 In Task two I have been asked to describe with examples the impacted on customers of the online presences of my selected business Amazon. My examination of the online presences that Amazon apposes will depend on the following factors: * Choice / variety of the product and


    Hence it is beautifully presented. Processing method; Microsoft excel and word. Changes made; data put into table. From table to pie charts, font size and also font style. And why I also manipulated the fonts as well is because it is easier for my Information Officer to read and classify.

  1. The Purpose and Scope of MIS - Management information systems.

    Employees can get immediate feedback on progress and the only real disadvantage is the impersonal touch of being taught by a computer. However if all staff are train correctly then they should be able to manage information effectively. Businesses should make all employees aware of the MIS in place at all levels.

  2. Psychology discussing stress.

    - Syndrome means a typical or characteristic combination of factors. Task Five How might stress influence the immune system? A large number of studies have indicated a link between stress, the immune system and illness. These studies indicate that stress reduces the efficiency of the immune system.

  1. Apple Incorporation - Case Analysis

    As the technology advances the more susceptible the companies become to additional piracy. The piracy issue has grown to global proportions and stopping unlawful copying and distribution of copyrighted software does not seem to have a remedy for prevention in the future.

  2. Analyse the role and value of organizational strategy, models of strategic HRD, employee development ...

    In certain regions, the levels of education, particularly in technical and scientific areas and the willingness of the population to acquire even higher levels of training are at least as favorable as it is in the US. Singapore and Malaysia for exampled have heavily invested in an infrastructure for developing

  1. Managerial Role in Organizations

    This will involve contacting government funded "business links" on the Gold Coast, and in attending local networking events, such as those held regularly at Delfin House in Varsity Lakes.

  2. Implementation of ATMS at SBI. Banks in India are looking at deploying biometric ATMs ...

    SBI's network of ATMs has grown rapidly since then. Associate Banks also joined the network from May 2002. The Bank has also entered into sharing arrangements with several banks in order to get additional return on investments. Currently, the ATMs provide a range of services, including payment of fees and utility bills, donations to temples and mobile recharging etc.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work