The importance of this act is that it allows everyone from the public to find out any information that public authorities have about them. It is also important because if someone finds out that the information that the public authorities has about them is wrong, they can ask for that information to be corrected.
Computer misuse Act 1990
The misuse computer act from 1990 states that certain activities on the computers shouldn’t be carries out. These activities include hacking into other people’s systems, misusing software or accessing or helping someone else access protected files without authorisation on someone else’s computer. This act is split into three different parts
- The first part is about unauthorised access to computer material
- The second part is about unauthorised access to computer systems with internet to commit another offence
- The third one is about unauthorised content of computer material
The importance of this act is that it protects computer users from being hacked and having their computer infected by malicious software from hacker. It is also important because it protects the personal information of computer users stored on computers
Codes of practices
The codes of practices are usually installed in companies to make sure that business ethics on various matters are maintained and respected
Use of email
- The ethics on email requires that email should not be used to shrink responsibilities
- They should be used for the communication really confidential information
- Email can be used for long-term storage
- Emails can’t be used to send large amount of information
- The code of practice at Tesco regarding the use of internet states that Individuals cannot or are not allowed to:
- Publishing, transmitting, linking to, disseminating or making available in any way any unlawful, harassing, defamatory, abusive, threatening, harmful, vulgar, obscene, racist or otherwise objectionable material
- publishing, transmitting, linking to, disseminating or making available in any way material that encourages conduct that constitutes a criminal offence, results in civil liability or otherwise breaches any relevant laws, regulations or code of practice
- Committing or attempting to commit fraud or any other criminal offence
- Gaining unauthorised access to other computer systems
- Transmitting or causing to be transmitted mail bombs (automated emails that resend themselves to addresses within an address book), chain letters or pyramid schemes
- Interfering with any other person's use or enjoyment of the Service
- Heavy use of the Service that detrimentally affects the ability of others to connect to the Service
- Breaching any laws concerning the use of public telecommunications networks
- Interfering or disrupting networks or websites connected to the Service
- Making, transmitting or storing electronic copies of materials protected by copyright without the permission of the owner
- Infringing a trademark, copyright or any other intellectual property right
- Breaching any other person's privacy rights and sending unsolicited advertising or promotional material
- Carrying out port scanning/probing (which is an attempt to identify an open gateway into another internet user's machine)
- Collecting names, account details or personal details of other users of the Service
The codes of practices are important because they help regulate the way people use electronic ways of communication such as the internet and emails. They point out correct ways of using the internet which allows users to stay out of troubles.
Whistle blowing happens when a worker from within an organisation raises awareness of the business on the activities of the business to other organisations outside its own. The awareness may be raised for misconducts, fraud, crime danger or other issues that could affect the customers.
The importance of this act is that it will help stop the wrong that is being done in a company before it gets out of hands. It is also important because it can even save customers lives, for examples, if a business is offering services that can put the life of customers in real danger, whistle blowing could be a really crucial act in stopping the business’s actions.
Organisation policies are there to ensure that the business deal with their practices and operations more ethically. They make sure information and marketing practices are fair and just.
The importance of this policy is that it allows the company to make faire choices that will be more ethical to operate with.
The information owner is an act that helps in protecting and have full legal control over some information and data whether it may be personal or not. The act also provides information about the rightful owner of data assets and the acquisition, use and distribution policy implemented by the data owner.
The importance of this act is that it gives people the right to have full legal right over all type of information that they may own, especially personal information.