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AS and A Level: People & Operations Management
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How to manage people successfully
- 1 A business needs to be clear on their recruitment needs and then use recruitment practices to ensure that they find them.
- 2 A business must train their staff in the right way. This is likely to include a mix of off the job and on the job training.
- 3 Staff must be appraised so that the business ensures that they are performing the job correctly. This appraisal process will often include objective setting for employees and then judging whether they have performed to this standard.
- 4 Staff need to be managed so that they are motivated to do a good job.
- 5 One of the main measures of the effectiveness of staff is to look at their productivity. This measures the output of individual workers.
Five motivation theories
- 1 Identifying where you see examples of the below theories in action can give big analysis marks. Motivation is not all about money. Money gets people to work but only in certain circumstances does it then lead to a more motivated workforce.
- 2 F. W. Taylor believed that all that was necessary was for the management to decide on the most efficient means of production and then pay workers to do it.
- 3 Elton Mayo said that workers work best when their group needs are considered and they are treated as human beings rather than as machines as in Taylor’s theory.
- 4 Frederick Herzberg discriminated between hygiene factors like pay and good working conditions which did not motivate in themselves but the absence of them demotivated and the motivators like praise and interesting work which did motivate.
- 5 Maslow said that we have a hierarchy of needs and we are motivated by the next unfilled need. Most workers in developed countries have sufficient money to eat so you will not motivate them just with more money but by meeting their needs and by work that is fulfilling.
Five key concepts in operations management
- 1 Operations management is about how and where businesses produce their product e.g. labour or capital intensive, in-house or outsourced.
- 2 Capacity utilisation is the percentage of total possible output a business is actually producing. Too low and capital is not being used fully, too high and there is no slack for machine breakdown, sickness or new orders.
- 3 Economies of scale are the benefits accruing to a business for being larger e.g. it is likely to be able to buy goods in bulk, have more specialist managers and workers, produce on a larger scale.
- 4 Lean production is where a business reduces waste as much as possible. Just-in-time, where businesses hold minimum stock and produce to order is a key element of this.
- 5 Ensuring quality might be through quality control (checking at the end) quality assurance (all staff responsible for quality) or Total Quality Management where the whole ethos of the business is centred on quality.
- Marked by Teachers essays 8
Assess the importance of employability, and personal skills in the recruitment and retention of staff in the NHS.3 star(s)
This would be required for any job as you need to be able to understand other colleagues and customers/public. The NHS need to consider this skill in former employees as they need to communicate and understand former colleagues and patients for tasks to be understood and carried out effectively. The NHS looks to see if their staff and new recruits are hard working. This would be portrayed at inductions/interviews for a job or in a trail period of a vacancy. Employees need to be hard working so the work/service they provide is of a high quality and meets the company's standards.
- Word count: 942