The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999:
The health and safety and safety work act 1974 is one of the major pieces if legislation is this country to affect businesses and the workplace. It is an enabling act, which means that other legislations can be added without changing the actually act itself. The health and safety at work act has five main aims:
The health and safety regulations 1999 must also be followed by Tesco, this regulation will protect employees in the workplace, it can also protect people not working by people who are working, and this act states that if a business employs more than five people, they must at least have a written health and safety policy which consists of three parts. These three parts should contain aims and objectives for what will be achieved in terms of health and safety for the company. A organisation chart that shows who is responsible for health and safety in the company and A system that will contain all necessary procedures for compliance with the relevant laws affect the company, e.g. risk assessment procedures, along with all risk assessments, a fire evacuation procedure and relevant training records.
The workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992
The regulations have been law since 1995 and apply to all workplaces except transport, construction sites and what are known as ‘extractive industries’ (mines, agriculture and forestry industries) away from any main buildings. The regulations apply to employers, landlords or persons in control of business premises and the self employed. The aim of the regulations is to ensure that the basic welfare needs of employees are dealt with. These welfare needs are broken down into two broad areas:
Tesco must also follow the workplace regulations 1992 which is law that can affect employers, landlords, or persons in control of a business premises or self employed, this law needs to protect the working environment and facilities, the working environment for example must contain things like Ventilation, falls or falling objects must be clearly restricted, ability to clean safely. Tesco must also contain reasonable facilities for their employees such as sanitary conveniences, drinking water and other facilities that may be a place to change clothes and there must be a facility for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995
The reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 is a law that Tesco must also follow, this law makes sure that businesses report any injury, disease or dangerous occurrences that take place in the workplace. Employers, Employees of Tesco and anyone else in control of work premises has legal duties under RIDDOR that require them to record and report certain work-related accidents. Employers can report an incident by phone, post, and email or online.
The control of substances hazardous to Health Regulations 1994
The control of substances hazardous to Health Regulations 1994 is a law that protects Tesco from exposing their employees to dangerous substances as well as harmful chemicals. There are however strict guidelines in place which protect Tesco employees. This is COSHH (Control of substances hazardous to health regulations 1994); COSHH will concern Tesco if they are known to be capable of causing bad health effects or disease. COSHH defines them as, those which are very toxic, toxic, harmful, corrosive or irritant. Those which are biological agents capable of causing infection, allergy, poisoning or other health risk, any significant amount of dust in the air, any other substances that creates a health hazard. Under this law employers have a duty to ensure any risk to the health of employees is identified through a risk assessment completed by a competent person, provision is made to either eradicate the risk or at least control it, and staffs are adequately trained to deal with hazardous substances.
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
When regarding electricity in the workplace “The electricity at work Regulations 1989” has been put in place to protect people from electricity in the workplace. This law places a duty on Tesco’s employers and employees to have their electrical systems constructed in a way that prevents danger. This includes testing all new equipment to ensure that it is safe, maintain their electrical systems correctly to prevent danger, have repaired or closed any electrical systems that cause danger.
The Display Screen Equipment Regulations 1992
Businesses that have been dominated by the use of computers and IT equipment such as Tesco must follow “The Display Screen Equipment Regulations 1992”. To prevent health problems when using IT equipment Tesco will have to
- Assess workstations and their users to see if there is any risk
- Reduce or eliminate recognised risks
- Ensure the workstations meet minimum requirements
- Ensure that employees’ work includes breaks and changes from screen use
- Provide users with an eye and eyesight test and treatment where necessary
- Explain to staff about the health and safety aspects of their job.
Users are defined in the regulations as an employee who habitually uses display screen equipment as a significant part of their normal work’.
The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
When manual handling in Tesco, they must follow The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 which in attempt tries to minimise the risk of Manual Handling. This law will place a duty on all employers, so far as it possible, to avoid the need for employees to undertake any manual handling operations when working at Tesco which involve a risk of them being injured.