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AS and A Level: Design and Technology

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  1. One invention that is being used in every country is an infant insulator or infant incubator. The invention was chosen due to the impact it had on lives of many.

    The Lion incubator was designed to compensate for less than-optimal nursing environment. Unfortunately, it was expensive, limiting its appeals to charity or government supported hospitals.2 Even though it was expensive, and the invention has greatly reduced the mortality rate. As of 2012, there are only 5.98 deaths per 1000 live births in The United States of America.3 Though successful, the traditional incubator is also extremely expensive of about $20,000.4 Though Singapore is very developed, there are people suffering from poverty in our society.

    • Word count: 585
  2. How do graphic designers give images meaning and how is symbolism achieved?

    For this piece of work I shall be looking at 3 designers and their work and shall be going to into great analysis. This analysis will include questions like, "who is its target audience?" and "what is the purpose of the image?" I find that a main source of meaning and symbolism in graphic design is found in brands and branding. We see them all over the world and they contain huge amounts of symbolism and meaning directed at their business.

    • Word count: 969
  3. Design of a flash light. Even though this device is so simple but in this design there are four major problems:

    Most Flashlights are in the shape of a cylinder such that fingers can wrap around it easily. In this design however, the cubic shape of it makes it hard to hold in hand. Also, the head of the flashlight where the light is located is angled upward without any logical reason, whereas it would have been better if the light was pointing downward. Switch: The part that causes the most frustration in this design is the on/off switch. Unfortunately the switch doesn't stay on and your thumb must maintain constant pressure on the switch to hold it up; otherwise it will turn off.

    • Word count: 635
  4. Bedside table development evaluation

    The length of table from front to back should be 500mm as this again is within the range correct space range my target market would have left on either side of the bed, but also this is around the standard dimension for the length of a bedside tables that I have found from my research. > Drawer should be 400mm long (front to back) as this is more than enough room to store medicines and tablets in and can fit roughly 10 tablet boxes in.

    • Word count: 2640
  5. Were developing a shoe removal detector which identifies and notifies a person entering the premises with shoes. Were developing it in a way to work as an intruder alarm as well. Though there are many intruder alarms in market this one includes shoe

    We're developing it in a way to work as an intruder alarm as well. Though there are many intruder alarms in market this one includes shoe removal detector as well. Our main market focus is the people who are very concerned about hygiene and the people who have the custom of removing shoes outside the house such as chinese and indian people. There are some places like Hindu/Buddhist temples they insist to remove the shoes before entering. In such places this product can help a lot.

    • Word count: 3343

    The Health and Safety at Work Act, 1974 is comprehensive and recognises that everyone has the right to be protected from health and safety risks arising from work activities. A risk assessment is another fundamental aspect of promoting the health, safety and security of people who use services and the working environment. Risk assessment A risk assessment as discussed by Nolan et al (2008:89) is required by law and every employer has a duty to assess risks in the workplace.

    • Word count: 985

    Many people rely on the honesty, integrity and professional skills of social care workers and these codes spell out the standards people can expect of them. The codes are essential for regulating the profession and helping to improve standards and public protection. The Codes of Practice allows proper enforcement of social work values and provides a framework for ethical decision-making. My role is a demanding role which requires strength of character when tending to the personal care and hygiene requirements of the residents.

    • Word count: 868
  8. Research to aid designing an interactive toy of game for children. One of the most common interactive toys found in the market are the interactive plush toys. Popular brands are the Actimates Barney, Tickle Me Elmo,

    (1999) actually brought up some issues that can be considered which can be factored into the design. Basically, the authors pointed out the potential ethical implications of these interactive toys, especially as to how this may affect the child's development and bring it to a different direction. The following issues are enumerated by Fogg, et al. (1999) towards interactive plush toys, as follows: � Is it a good thing that the child spends his or her time more with the toy such as sharing activities like watching TV and using computers? � Is it a good thing that these children might start to think that their interactive is a live being?

    • Word count: 1975
  9. Materials notes - properties and uses of different materials.

    (wood is stronger than rubber) Heavy: Iron > Ceramic Metal cube > glass cube > rubber cube > cork cube Questions on Comparison (ascending / descending order): Step 1 --> draw the scale & mark both ends Step 2 --> write objects with SPACE in between (to slot in) Materials Source of material General properties Things made from it & Why choose this material Remarks & property 1 Wood Eg: - Teak - Pine wood - Rose wood - Cherry wood - Meranti wood - rattan (trunks of)

    • Word count: 2436
  10. Flow chart for producing a magazine rack. Equipment, health & safety and quality control.

    work vice, spare wood as soft jaws, pillar drill 10 � Basic PPE, clamp work down securely + dusk mask Make sure hole is positioned correctly Sand down all parts of the drawer File, rough sandpaper, clamp Basic PPE + Dusk mask Sand down to lines, giving smooth curves and edges Final Inspection Check that all edges are smooth, and joints fit together properly ACTION EQUIPMENT HEALTH & SAFTEY QUALITY CONTROL Mark out legs and main body base Ruler, tri- square, pencil Basic PPE, blue coat, be aware of others Check dimensions and measurements before cutting Cut out shapes Tenon

    • Word count: 1424
  11. Devlopment evaluation of my bedside table.

    The length of table from front to back should be 500mm as this again is within the range correct space range my target market would have left on either side of the bed, but also this is around the standard dimension for the length of a bedside tables that I have found from my research. > Drawer should be 400mm long (front to back) as this is more than enough room to store medicines and tablets in and can fit roughly 10 tablet boxes in.

    • Word count: 2640
  12. Design Principles and Appliction - Constraints

    The information obtained can be recorded on a briefing checklist/chart (see Figure 1). With the briefing chart the circulation diagram will aid the design team to produce solutions that are acceptable to the client. There are three aspects to any design process which must be considered. 1. What are the functional demands of the problem? 2. What are the technical constraints? 3. What are the aesthetic considerations? Satisfying these three aspects will ensure a functional building, which is fit for purpose.

    • Word count: 2001
  13. Introduction to construction. Identify & describe the key factors that influence construction projects related to the development of a sustainable built environment.

    Task 2 1. Identify & describe the aims & objectives of sustainable construction. A sustainable building, or green building is an outcome of a design philosophy which focuses on increasing the efficiency of resource use - energy, water, and materials - while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment during the building's lifecycle, through better design, construction, operation, maintenance, and removal. Reducing waste, the construction industry produces 90 million tonnes of construction and demolition waste every year - landfill sites are almost full, so where will it all go?

    • Word count: 1024
  14. Free essay


    One of the flanges has an enlarged portion and the other f****e has the same recess. This helps to bring the shafts into line and to maintain alignment. The two flanges are coupled together with nuts and bolts. f****e couplings are not always used to connect shafts they are also used to connect heavy duty water piping. Clutches A clutch is a device for connecting and disconnecting the drive between two in line shafts. In a friction clutch the two parts are held in contact by springs and torque is then transmitted by the friction between the two surfaces which are in contact.

    • Word count: 1340
  15. Sydney Harbour Bridge

    Sydney Harbour Bridge & its Construction The contractors set up two workshops at Milsons Point on the North Shore. Here 79% of the steel was imported from England and 21% used from Australian sources was used into the making of this full steel arch bridge. The foundations for the four main bearings, which carry the full weight of the main span were dug to a depth of 12.2 metres and filled with special reinforced high-grade concrete laid in hexagonal formations.

    • Word count: 1435
  16. Light & artificial lighting systems

    Until recent years, energy efficiency has been a relatively low priority and low perceived opportunity to building owners and investors. However, these days' with the dramatic increase and awareness of energy and environmental concerns, Highlighted issues like global warming and reducing carbon footprints for instance have made natural day lighting a rediscovered aspect of building lighting design. The actual physics of day lighting has not changed since its original use, however the building design to employ it has. Day lighting is often integrated into a building as an architectural statement and for energy savings.

    • Word count: 3223
  17. Logic gates

    A HIGH output (1) results only if both the inputs to the AND gate are HIGH (1). If neither or only one input to the AND gate is HIGH, a LOW output results. AND INPUT OUTPUT A B A AND B 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 c) Two input NAND gate NAND gates are one of the two basic logic gates (along with NOR gates) from which any other logic gates can be built.

    • Word count: 1207
  18. Safety glasses analysis

    Features -Theses goggles feature dual lenses. -An anti-fog treatment. -Triple face foam with moisture-wicking micro-fleece lining. -Total UV protection to keep your eyes safe. Size/material/production method. Aesthetics These goggles are specifically made for skiing, they have a very attractive design and are aesthetically pleasing to look at.The goggles are safe and suitable yet very fashionable Ergonomics This set of goggles are very attractive and aesthetically pleasing, also they are very well constructed and impact resistant therefore they fit their purpose very well. The head strap is adjustable and made of a flexible comfortable material that moulds to the contours of the wearers head.

    • Word count: 792
  19. Security Management

    Furthermore, within the organization, IM conversations among project team members can resolve issues and questions in an instantsomething that might have taken a series of emails, telephone calls, or face-to-face meetings to carry out. IM can be used to provide immediate replies to requests. It can also help promote personal relationships with customers and remote employees, and assist customers in completing transactions with Web-based businesses. This report is shown the concern of security of IM and gives some countermeasure to deal with IM threats.

    • Word count: 2987
  20. Investigation into Multi-Tools

    2 knife blades Screwdriver Wire stripper Reamer Scissors Tweezers Saw File Tools : Steel Case: Steel, Vinyl Victorinox 7 Gerber radius �49.99 Soft grip handles, spring action pliers, Thumbstuds, easy access tools. Pliers Wire cutter Scissors Screwdriver Knife Tools: Steel Case: Steel Grips: Ballistic Nylon Gerber 8 Tool logic II Deluxe �29.95 Fits into a credit card slot, lightweight. Blade Puller Tweezers Scissors File Screwdriver Toothpick Tools: Steel Case: Plastic Toollogic 9 Motion Pro Multi tool �24.95 Convenient carry case, brushed finish.

    • Word count: 2079
  21. Single portfolio item: The decision to refurbish

    Of course other variables such as the client's costs programme and end user use must all be taken unto account, the current climate of environmental and carbon footprint issues continue to be an ever enforcing element with construction. Only when such a report is commissioned can it determine that the building is 'statutory defective' can the final decision of a building to be torn down can be decided. This can also be called a dilapidation report. In evaluating the varied mechanisms by which buildings are deemed to fail refurbishments is the valid reason to unsure that such a pre-condition report

    • Word count: 1718
  22. Free essay

    Buiklding service

    A water central heating system consists of basically the boiler, the radiators and the interconnecting piping. The boiler is powered from the oil in the tank and heats the water. In the boiler the fuel must be atomised if the process of combustion is to be efficient, as combustion is the way in which the boiler heats. Then a pump circulates the water through the pipework and radiators. The radiators are the emitters of heat in my household and release heat by radiation and convection.

    • Word count: 1887
  23. Free essay

    AS DT specifiation

    Therefore asking them what design they think is the superior one and also offering them their own choice of what else to include on the lamp. The lamp should be safe and fire resistance with soothing clam aesthetic colours to go with the room making the lightning and room relaxing and a pleasure of enjoying the way you relax or watch TV or anything you do in that room which you find appropriate, the design of the lamp should also be safe around pets and humans to not cause any damage or harm.

    • Word count: 1043
  24. Convenience and Future of ATM's in my Community

    In 1969, the first magnetic card was introduced. It was created by Don Wetzel who was working with Docutel. He had the patent along with Tom Barnes and George Chastain. It was installed in a New York based Chemical Bank (Bellis, n.d.). Later, Docutel developed the first truly ATM machine that we are familiar today. It was placed in the wall and outside the bank. However, the first ATMs did not directly accessed your personal account when withdrawing money from it. Instead, they were initially offered to the bank's credit card holders with good credit standings (Bellis, n.d.).

    • Word count: 1628

Everything that is manufactured, and that includes just about everything you're going to use today, has been designed. A level Design and Technology allows you to explore and understand the world of design and how technology enables the development and production of design ideas. The course will introduce you to the work of designers such as Dyson and will encourage and enable you to research, design, produce and test ideas for marketable products.

As well as creative work you'll be required to produce written assignments and Marked by Teachers has a wide collection of essays which will guide you to a better understanding of what examiners expect.

During your course you'll explore materials such as wood, plastic and composite materials, you'll be introduced to systems and their control and you'llbuild on your presentational skills too. A level design and Technology is an excellent preparation for further study in Fashion, Design and Product Development.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Investigate the work of two different consumer organisations. Compare their roles and the range of products they evaluate

    "Conclusion The differences between the two organisations are that the standard organisations focus on the product functioning properly and it also being of a high standard. The consumer watchdog on the other hand offers a comparison of different products to the consumer in order to show them which products are best. Both of the organisations can determine the customer's choice as to which product they choose to buy. The standards organisations can affect their choice by showing which products are the best by giving the best products a kitemark. The consumer watchdog does the same thing but in a different sort of way, as offering reviews as to which products are the best. The consumer watchdog does not either help or hinder the product manufacturers, but the standards organisations do as they pick out and show the consumers which products are the best and have the highest quality. This helps the manufacturers if they do meet the standards required."

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