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AS and A Level: Plays

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  1. Analyse the ways that the director builds suspense and scares the audience in the film Jaws

    is coming. Music or silence is used often in the film to create tension or to scare the audience. Two examples of this are when the shark expert is under water examining the boat that had been damaged by a shark. There is no sound except from the bubbles the shark expert is making when he opens his mouth. This builds up suspense and even though the audience knows that something is about to happen they don't know what, so it becomes a surprise when a loud low piece of music comes on. Another example of this is the 1st attack involving the teenage girl.

    • Word count: 1725
  2. "In 'Psycho' how has Alfred Hitchcock created tension throughout the film and what effect does it have on us as viewers

    Mirrors and reflections in windows are a device that Hitchcock uses to symbolize split personality. There is a shot of Marion in the office, holding the money and deciding what to do with it. We see her reflection in the mirror, creating two Marion's. One is the innocent ordinary secretary that would not commit a crime. The other is the darker side of Marion that would steal the $40,000. Another shot of Marion and her reflection in a mirror is at the reception desk of the motel. On one side of her, we see her bag with the newspaper she is carrying, and in the reflection, we see the envelope of money she has stolen, showing her corrupt side.

    • Word count: 3199
  3. Drama Coursework

    We took a number of ideas of a man called Stanislavski! I also think that if I had made a bit more effort with helping to devise the play, then I think that I would have a better understanding of my character, which would have helped me play as if I were that person and also the understanding of the other characters in the play. I thought my stance at the end of the play where all the other characters are lying on the floor and me standing over them gives me a powerful stance.

    • Word count: 1398
  4. Comparing Snow White and Shrek

    This way, the story would appeal to both adults and children. The production of "Snow White" cost about �1.75million but brought out a grand total of �4.2million. It was a great risk for Disney to take and if it hadn't been successful would have cost him his entire studio. Disney managed to capture the attention of his "folly blind" audience, as they were called, by producing thousands of individual sketches which gave the tiniest bits of detail. The death scene as well brought out a lot of emotions in the audience and tears in people's eyes.

    • Word count: 1405
  5. Wilfred Owen

    Weir successfully used film techniques to get his point across to viewers. Truman is unknowingly the star of this reality television show that is broadcast in two hundred countries. Fast-pace music within the show being about a sense of urgency - similar to that of a news report - also portrays the importance of "The Truman Show" for the internal audience. Another feature that Weir has added is the power of Christof over Truman. Thought playing the internal director, Christof takes on a god-like role by controlling the environment and guiding actors with dialogues, making some scenes cheesy and unrealistic.

    • Word count: 735
  6. Throughout the first scene in the play "Glengarry Glen Ross", David Mamet is tremendous in portraying the shifting of power between the two characters - John Williamson and Shelly Levene.

    I know they do, you get a certain mindset ... A guy gets a reputation. We know how this ... all I'm saying, put a..." Levene is trying to justify his actions here but he does not know what to say; he is lost for words, and as I said earlier he seems to have even lost the art of persuasive speaking. To the audience, all of this would seem as if Williamson is the more powerful of the two, as Levene is pleading to keep his job, while Williamson just sits there and listens to him.

    • Word count: 1158
  7. I fulfilled all the audience's needs by meeting all elements that were lacking in the existing leaflet. My main priority was to clearly display all the essential information that a customer would require from a good salon leaflet.

    Most markets in today's world are aiming their products and services towards women more then men due to the society's pressure on women to maintain their physical appearance. The media have played a major role in shaping the way in which the society sees women and because of this we have become accustomed to an extremely rigid and uniformed standard of beauty. I used this fact to focus upon female's weaknesses. For my secondary research I discovered that Black and Asian women generally have more positive body-images than Caucasian women, although this depends on the degree to which they have accepted the beauty standards of the dominant culture.

    • Word count: 997
  8. The original stimulus to our original ideas was the way in which children of different religions and races unite to create a harmonious society within our school. We discussed the situation within a small area, such as a school

    Sophocles' Antigone was inspiring in the sense we were able to view alternative ways in which to depict the story of a heroine who is treated badly for her beliefs. Both Sophocles' Antigone and Chekhov's Three Sisters inspired the use of symbolism. We have incorporated symbolism into our production with the use of costume. The costumes in the ancient Greek theatre have a symbolic significance in the way the production is understood. The most essential part of their disguise was the mask, which inspired the use of the headscarf and masks within our piece.

    • Word count: 3495
  9. Your audience to respond to Thea Elvsted in her first and final appearances? Explain how you would perform the role, in selected moments from these scenes, in order to achieve your aims. Throughout the play, Thea Elvsted is a foil to Hedda

    I do not want the audience to warm to Thea though, but regard her as a shadow which is used to cast Hedda in a brighter light. Thea's physical appearance is described by Ibsen as 'a slight woman with soft, attractive features. Her eyes are light blue, large, round and somewhat protruding, with a scared, questioning expression. Her hair is strikingly fair, almost whitish-yellow, and unusually rich and wavy. She is a couple of years younger than Hedda.' Thea should be smaller than Hedda, Jorgen and Ejlert in order to symbolise her vulnerability to the audience.

    • Word count: 1349
  10. I intend to compare 'Hard to Swallow' by Mark Wheeler to our improvised performance, which was a TIE project. The stimulus for our performance was 'teenage problems' and we decided to base our performance on teenage pregnancy.

    Eating disorders and teenage pregnancy are the highest predicaments that teenage girls find themselves in, and both plays have been successful in exposing the advantages and disadvantages facing them. Overall, both plays provided the audience with an insight into teenage girl's lives and the difficulty they endure through these conditions. ' Hard to Swallow' and our play used similar techniques, for example 'two-touch theatre.' Mark Wheeler used it to show the passing of time, and how quick the problem can arise and how repetitive the issue can become.

    • Word count: 718
  11. Our primary objective was to communicate the flaws in society to the audience. The fact that everyone has no compassion for anybody else in today's society as life is so hectic that we have no time to listen to one another

    We convey this aspect through the use of abstract drama and through certain scene. We used several abstract dramas in our piece to further the audiences understanding and at the end of the final performance we were able to evaluate which was effective and which was not. One of thing that was proven effective was the use of synchronised movement. We used this as a symbolic spectacle in the police scene where we chose to portray the police's authority by using three members of the group to represent one police officer. To ensure the right impact was achieved we made sure that the timing of the sequence was accurate as it adds to the visual effect.

    • Word count: 1006
  12. Dogsborough is a parallel of Hindenburg and the character of Dogsborough is key in the script of "The resistible rise of Arturo Ui", as President Hindenburg was in the rising of Hitler. The events in the play reflect those of real life

    To achieve this, firstly Dogsborough should be cast as an older, overweight man who is obviously past his prime of life. The actor should have white hair; else this effect can be created by using makeup. If I were performing the role of Dogsborough, I would begin the play by using an arrogant manner created with dismissive gestures and a cold, unfriendly tone of voice. However, as he is later threatened and blackmailed, I would make my gestures become smaller and more nervous, whilst my voice quietens to signify the fall of a broken man.

    • Word count: 814
  13. Briefly outline casting ideas for Jorgen Tesman and Ejlert Lovborg and then explain how you would direct each actor, in specific sections of interaction with Hedda, in order to highlight their contrasting relationships with her.

    However, the relationship between Hedda and Ejlert seems more traditional in the sense that he dominates much of their conversation and she is very obviously obliging to his needs. Jorgen is described as 'a man of 33, of middle height and youthful appearance; slightly plump, his face round, open and cheerful. Fair hair and beard. He wears glasses, and is dressed comfortable, slightly slovenly, indoor clothes.' Whereas Ejlert's description reads 'He is slim and lean; the same age as Tesman, but looks older and a little haggard.

    • Word count: 1211
  14. 'Jaws' - film review

    This creates suspension and apprehensiveness, the large noise such as a scream is used to make the audience jump. With the repetitiveness of the music, and the amount of times it is used, the audience associate this with the shark, and know that something is about to happen. The second attack happened in the middle of the day; Spielberg makes the audience use their imagination at first; the attack had to happen because of the music, but the camera flicked between situations. The situations were all of the children running into the water, and the dog 'Pipit' with his owner.

    • Word count: 838
  15. Analyse the ways that the director, Stephen Spielberg, uses filmic techniques to build suspense, tension and scare the audience in Jaws

    This catches us off guard as we are expecting action and danger. The music builds up to an attack, and when nothing happens, instead of being relaxed the audienceis very tense, waiting for the attack to happen. However our minds are soon distracted; the mise-en-scene of happy teenagers around a fire, symbolising safety and warmth, and the camera pans across, as though we are there watching, making us bond more with the group. The camera then pauses and does a close up of a young boy, and a young girl sitting away from the group.

    • Word count: 1462
  16. How Does The Fictional Town Of Seahaven Presented To The Audience In "The Truman show" represent the American Dream

    They are stereotyped to the American dream with a traditional wife, husband and sweet young daughter. They are there to keep the faultless running in Truman's happy life plus it can reflect back to the audience of how his life is just like the American dream. The beginning is also a good example of how the director uses presentational devices to show us that Seahaven is also a TV set. At the opening Seahaven is immediately presented to the audience as a reality TV show.

    • Word count: 1233
  17. How did your role emerge and how was it communicated? I play Debbie Jackson, the main character of the play. At the beginning of the development process, Debbie's character was quite adaptable due to the fact that we were indecisive

    My final role was ultimately formed once we outlined the plot of the play. We wanted to embrace Debbie's role with the storyline in order to create more of an impact. Subsequently my final role completely contrasted with the character we initially started off with. Debbie's character leads two different lives, the one before and after the car crash. Before the car crash Debbie is a free sprit and a fighter. She raised 3 children by herself as her husband left her when she was pregnant with their third child however she's not bitter about this.

    • Word count: 1002
  18. Form and Structure Brecht's 'The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui' is a parody, exposing the methods used by Hitler to gain power and cause so much devastation. Because of this, many of the characters

    Aiming not to put his audience into a trance, he must not go into a trance himself. His muscles must remain loose, for a turn of the head, e.g., with tautened neck muscles, will "magically" lead the spectators' eyes and even their heads to turn with it, and this can only detract from any speculation or reaction which the gestures may bring about. His way of speaking has to be free from ecclesiastical singsong and from all those cadences which lull the spectator so that the sense gets lost.'

    • Word count: 1534
  19. Language Throughout The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Brecht utilises a variety of linguistic techniques, all of which aid his dramatic purpose; to enforce upon the audience the

    Shakespearean verse is only one example of these styles. Shakespearean verse is made evident in the play by the broken strings; 'The name is Ui... The gangster? Yes, in person.' These broken strings indicate that Brecht is attempting to get a certain number of syllables per line. In this case about ten syllables per line to suit the Shakespearean form of iambic pentameter. * The Shakespearean verse enforces a rhythm into the dialogue, which appeals to the audience's sense of hearing more, as it would not seem monotonous.

    • Word count: 1647
  20. How manipulative do you think Mother is? To what extent is she the pivotal character in the development of the plot? 'All My Sons' is a moralistic play set against the backdrop of post WW2

    From the opening stage directions applied by Miller, one of the main significant symbols of the play is depicted. The 'apple tree' with its 'fruit still clinging to its branches' is a striking symbol that acts as a memorial for Larry. The 'fruit still clinging to its branches' represents Mother's hope of Larry returning as she is clinging desperately onto the idea that her beloved son is still alive. Mother's critical and harsh personality is distinctly illustrated when she implicitly blemishes Ann's pure scrupulous image-'I think her nose got longer.'

    • Word count: 1698
  21. How do the different interpretations of Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles by Douglas Hickox (1983) and David Attwood (2002) affect the audience, and which version do you prefer?

    The lighting to the 2002 version is also very different to the 1983 version, it is darker and has a 'blue' or 'cold' feel to it; whereas the other version almost seems like it is a long TV program rather than a film, making the audience loose interest. The opening scene in each movie is different. Douglas Hickox's version opens with a dark, creepy view of the manor house. We then see Sir Charles Baskervilles running away, locking himself in a green house.

    • Word count: 1447
  22. Discuss the ways in which Hitchcock creates atmosphere, tension and fear in two key scenes of the classic horror film "Psycho".

    Probably the most well known scene in "Psycho", if not the entire horror genre, is the infamous "shower scene", in which the film's apparent heroine is brutally murdered by the proprietor of the Bates motel at which she is staying. The scene itself is only forty five seconds long, yet took seven days and seventy different camera positions to shoot. To create tension and suspense in the scene, Hitchcock places his victim in a sense of unawareness, but in contrast, the audience are all too aware of what's happening.

    • Word count: 1156
  23. Zeffirelli and luhrmann are both dealing with the same matter-The opening of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.

    Many people nowadays have a television in there homes and television has become a part of life in these 9-10 years and for luhrmann using the television makes the audience feel at home and makes it seem as the audience is at there own home watching television. As clever as luhrmann is he also uses a news bulletin to make the audience think that the situation is happening at that present time. And of course the new bulletin was repeating the chorus which is another clever way of squeezing the chorus into the film.

    • Word count: 671
  24. The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Visual, Aural and Spatial Visual: Brecht intended the set of each of his plays to be a constant reminder

    * The prologue also demonstrates Brecht's unique way of introducing the characters to the audience prior to the plays commencement: He uses the Announcer to introduce the characters, and inform the audience of their main traits, as they physically 'step before the curtain' and 'step back'. By introducing the characters to the audience in this way, Brecht implements a feeling of somewhat discomfort in the audience, as they're used to the characters of a play being brought in and developed naturally, as the play progresses.

    • Word count: 2369
  25. With particular reference to the nobles discuss whether Marlowe creates heroes or villains in the play

    Similarly Mortimer Junior could be described as the most fitting villain of the play as he is Edwards's foe throughout the play and opposes him in every aspect of his character. Additionally his willingness to kill others in order to succeed and his obsession with power make him immoral as opposed to Edward who's only obsession is his love for Gaveston. Nevertheless Mortimer's heroic quality relies in the fact that he is very concerned for his country, the soldiers and the people of the England.

    • Word count: 1141

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