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AS and A Level: Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

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  1. A Study on Bilingualism.

    Though their English is not very good, they managed to teach me the basics. As I grew older, my parents sent me to a Cantonese kindergarten in the day and an English one in the afternoon, where I first met native English speakers. Now I am studying in an English school, and I am still able to speak both English and Cantonese. Though I am not good with Chinese characters, I can speak the language fluently. At home, I mainly use Cantonese, as opposed to the English I use at school. I do not know why that is; it is as if there is an automatic switch.

    • Word count: 1149
  2. Colonial attitudes in "A Passage to India" by E. M. Forster.

    By describing the land as hostile, Forster creates an antagonistic India, unfriendly to both native and foreigner. The image of a hostile land prevents comparison to the Western homeland of the reader and creates a boundary between viewer and viewed. Forster not only separates the land through describing it as actively hostile, but by portraying it as ugly and repulsive. The novel is set in the city of Chandrapore, and Forster constantly provides images of filth and squalor. "Edged rather than washed by the river Ganges, it trails for a couple of miles along the bank, scarcely undistinguishable from the rubbish it deposits so freely" (3).

    • Word count: 1155
  3. The past in The English Patient and In the skin of a Lion.

    It is impossible for Patrick or the Englishman to continue a normal daily life while living in the past or ignoring it; events from the Alice's and the Englishman's pasts affect other people and it is unfair for Alice and the Englishman to withhold the events from them; and the past eventually catches up to Ambrose and the Englishman and ends both of their lives. It is unhealthy to run away from a problem in the past or to dwell on it too much.

    • Word count: 1059
  4. Language and Gender.

    Sex is the biological categorization of people whereas gender is the interpreted identity that males and females choose to take on. Because language teaches individuals to behave in a certain way and describe the behavior of others in such as way that is appropriate for their sex, over time society has created stereotypical male and female gender identities. For example men are seen to be logical, rational and objective whereas woman are emotional, intuitive and subjective. This stereotyping has enabled society as a whole to become male-dominated and this is evident in language.

    • Word count: 1017
  5. Autobiography - I was born in St. Mary's hospital and since then have lived in London all my life.

    My grandmother was a typical Sudanese woman who stayed at home all day talking to friends and doing housework. My brother and I had trouble understanding my Grandmother because she had a very thick Sudanese accent that we were acquainted with, but when noticing this by the vacant expressions on our faces my farther would tell us what she had said. My mother had said that I was an early talker my first words were "Mummy" followed straight after by "food" I didn't quite understand why my second word was food, nor did my mother judging by the expression on her face when I had asked her.

    • Word count: 1222
  6. 'Words are signals, counters. They are not immortal." Discuss Hugh's attitude to the Irish language and language in general.

    Hugh's pretensions and tendency to contradict himself are seen when he mentions Captain Lancey of the Royal Engineers. "...he voiced some surprise that we did not speak his language. I explained that a few of us did...usually for the purposes of commerce...(shouts) and a slice of soda bread..." We see that Hugh doesn't think much of the English or their language from this damning account of talking to the 'verecund' Lancey. He places English far below Gaelic or the Classics, for just reason, as it is the English who want to 'standardise' his country, but he contradicts himself terribly in

    • Word count: 1081
  7. My coursework is to juxtapose two poems from 'Text from Other Cultures'. The two poems that I am going to compare are 'Old Father', written by Hugh Boatswain and 'Islandman' written by Grace Nichols.

    Old Father: How they make a spectacle of themselves At cricket matches. Island Man: Wild seabirds And fisherman pushing out to sea The sun surfacing defiantly In 'Old Father' the quote is saying 'how they use to love watch the cricket matches. In 'Island Man' the quote is saying 'he can relax and listen to the sound of birds, and watch the sunset. Theses two quotes above both men are representing what each man felt, when he was living in his country.

    • Word count: 1256
  8. Innatist and Interactionist theories and their teaching implications

    Based onggory, Lenneberg (1799)UG will do the rest of the acqusition anguage acqusition Chomsky's theory, Lenneberg (1799) stated the Critical Period Hypothesis that LAD, like other biological functions, works only within a critical period. Therefore learners can only acquire language successfully within the critical period. Some linguists argued that Chomsky and Lenneberg's theories are insufficient to explain SLA since most of the second language learners have passed the critical period. They suggested that UG may be present and available to second language learners, but that its exact nature has been altered by the acquisition of other languages.

    • Word count: 1375
  9. Evaluate Ezra Pound's claim that "no single language is capable of expressing all forms and degrees of human comprehension".

    Our sensations can be expressed through words. It is through language itself that we are introduced to such notions like love, pain, etc. We know what the word "pain' represents only because other people have felt it and the word "pain' is associated with that feeling. People may not have even fallen in love if they had not heard other people speaking of love. However, the experiences of other people in relation to a certain sensation, such as pain, may not be quite the same as mine.

    • Word count: 1151
  10. Is the truth obscured by language?

    This has given rise to the widespread use of the phrase "dumb blondes" and innumerable "dumb blonde jokes".

    • Word count: 1128
  11. Synopsis of film " The power of one"

    He was afraid and didn't want to leave his mother but he had to go. The boarding school he attended was mainly for Afrikaners and PK was the only English boy there. In the school they tried to teach him that Afrikaners were better than Black and English people and PK didn't understand why. After all his nanny and best friend were black. PK soon got bullied because he was English. The main bully was a boy called Botha. He and his friends would put PK in a corner and urinate on him, he soon got nick named piss kopt and said that it standed for PK.

    • Word count: 1189
  12. Migration: The Italian Population of Bedford.

    This made the Italians feel more at home but it may have disturbed the English a bit. It was as if someone just barged in. More about this will be explained along the course of the essay. The physical process of Bedford has also contributed to the Italian Migration. Italians were bought to Bedford to work in the brick factory. There wouldn't be any brick factories if it weren't for the clay found in the soil (Bedford clay). The largest Italian community in Britain is in Bedford, which is in the county of Bedfordshire in East Anglia (see map).

    • Word count: 1067
  13. I have been given seven different newspaper articles to analyse. All the articles are from the weekend after the Friday's disappointing 2-1 defeat against Brazil.

    Next I moved on to the Leaders comment written by the editor of The Sun. This was all based on English pride. It starts off by saying how fans have changed towards Sven Goran Eriksson from thinking he would get us nowhere to loving him for the success he had with England. It ends on a confident note by saying how we will win Euro 2004. The next article I read was taken from The Star and was written by a reporter named Tony Leonard. This article is about the feelings and emotions of the royal family and Tony Blair.

    • Word count: 1569
  14. Will the statement below be true or not?English will be the only language needed to communicate by 2100 and all other languages will be dead.

    There is absolutely no reason to eliminate the fact that a revaluation could apparently take place for English. Also, if you take a look at the majority of the computer programs. Guess which language is genuinely in employ there? ENGLISH. Then take a look at the Internet, which is the most common language utilized there? ENGLISH. Therefore, English makes up the majority of the computer industry. There are with out a doubt other languages, which are in use in the computer software industry, but those languages make up only a minority of the computer industry.

    • Word count: 1669
  15. Essay on "The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole"

    teenager, but he then finishes the paragraph with something quite formal he probably heard from someone else "It won't be our fault if we grow up apathetic and lacking in moral fibre". This is the type of thing you would probably hear from his head teacher and not from Adrian. His goal is to sound intellectual, yet he makes it evident that he is trying too hard and that the language he is using is not completely his. This is the basis for Adrian Mole's idiolect. Sue Townsend uses Adrian's characteristic clich�s and changes in register to form his idiolect.

    • Word count: 1249
  16. By selective reference to examples taken from your ownstudies of accent and speech, show to what extent you think thestatement to be an accurate one.

    For example, in Liverpool you will hear people say that something is not "fur" rather than fair. The word fair is pronounced here. Also, words with a here sound, whether it be in the word initial position as in the word 'early', or the word medial position as in the word 'bird', are pronounced here. Another characteristic of this language is that words with 'ng' in the word final position, is pronounced here, for example 'long' sounds like 'long-g'. The sound here may be an alveolar tap that is the distinct initially in 'rabbit' and 'run' and the middle parts of 'curry' and 'ferry'. Also the word 'pin' is pronounced here. In Newcastle the accent is non-rhotic.

    • Word count: 1395
  17. Culture and Language in Society

    In each of these books, differences can be observed in the way the plot is described, though they seldom make any difference in the larger scheme. Even the spelling differs (e.g. "Dunya" and "Dounia") simply because of the way the translator thought the word sounded phonetically. By the same token, reading a Tang dynasty poem in Chinese differs greatly from the English translation. Though the English version manages to retain most of the poet's original message, it lacks the fluidity and the poetic essence that can be found in the same poem in Chinese.

    • Word count: 1746
  18. “Religious language is meaningless.” Discuss

    The problem begins through the examination of what language actually provides one with. To use cognitive language is to make factual assertions, which may be proved true or false and contain a certain amount of knowledge. Non-cognitive language makes assertions which may be interpreted in some way and are generally made through non-literal modes of expression. There are theories that all language is either univocal or equivocal; univocal being that words have one meaning and there is be no interpretation, whilst equivocal examines the possibility that one word may have many meanings, whether it is two or more reasons in physical existence, or unknown meanings in the metaphysical world.

    • Word count: 1248
  19. By close analysis of the structure and language of chapter one discuss how Forster expresses his overall concerns within the novel as a whole via this initial description of the Indian landscape

    It is negative language such as this that creates a compounding sense of desolation about the 'Real India.' This of course is entirely necessary in order for Forster to create and convey the contrast between the Indian and English cultures which he believes to be incompatible in this context. Graphic and harsh language permeates the whole of this first section of the chapter creating a highly effective image of the squalor in which the Mohammedan Indians are condemned to live by their English rulers.

    • Word count: 1379
  20. Is language used to label thoughts or are thoughts molded by the formation of language?

    In order to develop the way in which names and labels skew our conclusions, one must first analyze their roles in the formation of thoughts. One major use of words is to attempt o provide an objective description of our environment. We label something as a "red car" or a "smooth surface," with the intent of describing an objective environment. The second is in simplifying concepts as to make them easier to communicate. This task subdivides names and labels into Generality and Specificity.

    • Word count: 1693
  21. A Foreign Land

    I was about to spend a week in France on a school trip, but I knew I would be alone in my exchange's house. The journey to France made me realise that I would be in a foreign land. When I landed at Lyon airport the heat struck me like a wall. It seemed as if I had not studied a word of French when I first heard people speaking, and I had to be careful where I crossed the road, due to the cars driving on the left side of the road.

    • Word count: 1023
  22. In Black Boy and ‘Fenland Chronicle’ Compare The Ways In Which The Authors Make You Feel Sorry For The Central

    He is not only a child at this time, but he is also very na�ve and perhaps too young to understand and be aware of such an emotionally painful incident of his father leaving him. The fact that the extract involves a suffering child makes it far more sympathising for the reader, as children are supposedly so na�ve, helpless and innocent. Furthermore, in the extract the child is left to fend for himself, alone. Likewise, a similar technique is adopted by Marshall, however, instead of talking about her experiences as a young child, she uses the example of two girls

    • Word count: 1230
  23. Gender difficulties in essays

    Sometimes the retranslation result is a little strange... The NIV's Mark 1:17 is the famous, "'Come, follow me,' Jesus said, 'and I will make you fishers of men.'" The TNIV makes the apostles seem a little like slave traders: "'Come, follow me,' Jesus said, 'and I will send you out to catch people.'" But, sometimes, we must sacrifice a little accuracy for a lot of symbolism, and a lot of improvement! Translation of gender language is especially difficult nowadays because English usage is itself changing, and not changing everywhere at the same time in the same way.

    • Word count: 1457
  24. Why Were Projects Funded to Teach the Equivalent of Human Language to Primates?

    This essay will look at a number of projects that attempted to teach a language to primates, examining any differences in the methods and languages used and discussing the conclusions that may be drawn from studying the outcomes. The question of primates being able to comprehend human language is one that has polarised opinion into two distinct camps. On the one side of the debate there are the believers, such as Duane and Sue Rumbaugh and Allen and Beatrice Gardener, who have devoted much of their professional lives to teaching an understandable language to primates.

    • Word count: 1856
  25. Compare And Contrast – The Trout And Crackling Day

    Crackling Day uses more language and descriptive words to illustrate his point as opposed to symbolism and imagery, compared to The Trout. For example the theme in The Trout is childhood and growing up, "her long lovely neck...". This is similar to a Swan, which implies that Julia is gradually blossoming in to a mature adult. There is also a underlying desire that is occasionally shown from Julia that she wants to grow up. For example when her mother tells her a fairy story to explain how the trout got in to the well she simply dismisses the story "Pooh...".

    • Word count: 1463

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