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AS and A Level: Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 32
  • Peer Reviewed essays 6
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of Rhetoric in "Into the Wild" by Jon Krakauer

    5 star(s)

    Krakauer uses factual details from McCandless?s life in order to show the audience that McCandless was not, in fact, crazy. In this example, Krakauer is relaying McCandless?s high achievement throughout college- good grades in a well-established major, participation in extracurricular activities, and committing to graduating college. By stating credible facts, Krakauer creates an appeal to logos, otherwise known as an appeal to logical thinking. It cannot be denied that McCandless indeed had his act together throughout his life. Krakauer continues this appeal in the presentation of McCandless? journal, relaying ?Although the tone of the journal? often verges towards melodrama, the available evidence indicates that McCandless did not misinterpret the facts; telling the truth was a credo he took seriously? (29).

    • Word count: 2755
  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Growth and Importance of English as a Global Language.

    4 star(s)

    The English language's earliest origins are from the Germanic language group. This group began as a common language about 3,000 years ago. Many different European languages developed from this Germanic group, depending on which part of this sector - the region of the Elbe river - they were closer to. For example, North Germanic evolved into the modern Scandinavian languages of Swedish, Danish, Norwegian and Icelandic; and East Germanic, which was adopted by Southeast European countries. West Germanic, however, is the language from which English developed, along with German, Dutch and Flemish.

    • Word count: 2647
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Sequential and simultaneous bilingualism.

    4 star(s)

    On the other hand, Bloomfield and Thiery's (1978) theory defines a bilingual as the individual who possesses proficient fluency in two languages, being, therefore, monolingual in both. That level of bilingualism would leave out those individuals that use two languages regularly but not at that standard. Haugen (1969) takes that into account; "Bilingualism... may be of all degrees of accomplishment, but it is understood here to begin at the point where the speaker of one language can produce complete, meaningful utterances in the other language. From here it may proceed through all possible gradations up to the kind of skill that enables a person to pass as a native in more than one linguistic environment."

    • Word count: 2183
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Symbolism in The Kite Runner

    3 star(s)

    He develops a friendship with his servant named Hassan. In fact, Amir is a Pashtun(1) and Hassan is a Hazara(2). He knows that neither history nor religion can change who they are; thus, he never considers Hassan as his friend. Amir and Hassan grow up together; they feed from the same breast and learn to crawl. They always spend time together, running kites, playing hide and seek, cops and robbers, etc. One of the most memorable times that Amir and Hassan spend together is sharing their dreams and stories.

    • Word count: 2300
  5. Peer reviewed

    How do people use language in Facebook status updates?

    3 star(s)

    Times of year could also impose upon context of language which may be dependent upon analysis. The age group also would have a large affect on the data and therefore analysis as to what is analysed, i.e. Vulgarisms, neologisms, elision of lexis etc. For these two specifics, the answer came mainly for the same reasons as before; taking a simple 'latest 100 status updates' on a random day and having the age group already taken care of through the act of choosing only 'my friends', closing this down to a minimum of 14 years old up to 20 at the oldest.

    • Word count: 2260
  6. The Outsider - Shakespeare's Othello

    Grenouille apprentices himself to Baldini a perfumer and becomes obsessed with obtaining the perfect scent that will make him human or considered so. In this process he creates scents that powerfully manipulate human emotions, murdering 25 virgin girls to bottle their scent. He is eventually apprehended and sentenced to death for his crimes but is pardoned for his crimes, as the townsfolk are delirious with the powerful emotion Grenouille has created. But the experience of the power dissatisfies Grenouille, because he realizes he is not loved for himself, but for the perfume, which he created.

    • Word count: 2764
  7. How have composers used texts in an interesting way to explore the concept of courage?

    These quotes are in support of the argument as they both show that harry is acting morally because he has the courage to question the concept of war and go against what society believes to be right. He has also done something that no one would do and that is questioning the concept of war and the defense of the Queen which shows that harry is taking his moral values into consideration which is the root to ones moral courage.

    • Word count: 2118
  8. Pride and prejudice

    Nowadays women are independent financially and emotionally. However there is one similarity, when a woman elopes in the 19th century it was seen as being a disgrace to the whole family on the other hand today if a women runs away her and her family can recover their reputation. Well the whole book revolves around marriage; it is the central theme of the book. The opening line of the novel, 'It is universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife', this prepares the reader for what comes after.

    • Word count: 2635
  9. Linguistic Analysis of Dahl and Blyton

    Before selecting the Ohmann text, I looked at another linguistic approach to style, Nominal and Verbal Style by Rulon Wells. This piece discussed the common preference for a verbal style in English prose, over a nominal one, and the syntactical consequences of each style. Wells argued that because a predominant use of nouns would necessitate other syntactical elements, and the same would apply to a predominant use of verbs, then the choice of nominality over verbality or vice versa would inevitably mean other stylistic variations.

    • Word count: 2219
  10. Extended response to journeys.

    A sense of hope however, is created symbolically as they gradually relieve themselves of their past and 'look for shorelines'. Assonance of the short 'u' sound in words such as 'dialogue', 'hung', 'interruption', 'runs' and 'rusted' highlights the connection between discourse, reminiscences and sounds of the waves. It furthermore creates a rhythm emphasising calmness and tranquillity as the travellers embark upon their journey. The use of descriptive language enables a responder to envisage their journey through the situations and appearances of the passengers.

    • Word count: 2430
  11. Language Investigation on Shampoo Bottles

    I shall also discuss the similarities between the texts in the area of lexical cohesion whereby all texts regardless of target audience employ the method of repetition and collocations to be memorable. I shall use the semantical framework to compare the use of personification, idioms, collocations and levels of formality as a persuasive method to portray consideration of consumers' needs, exclusivity of product and to promise exceeding results. I shall use the phonological framework to investigate how alliteration is used in a commercial shampoo to be memorable and appealing.

    • Word count: 2817
  12. Final Fantasy XIII Review

    Enter the XIIIth Fantasy Succeeding a game which has created so many iconic characters and moments can never be easy. From the legendary death of Aeris in the 7th instalment; to the timeless and tragic love story of Tidus and Yuna in FFX; all the way to last year's cool and casual Balthier character - Final Fantasy has it all. More pressure was put on game designers when, if you were to go onto Youtube and type in Final Fantasy XIII into the search engine, you would get a trailer with over three million views.

    • Word count: 2359
  13. How successful is yosser hughes as a father? (boys from the blackstuff)

    The jobless faced constant rejection by employers who had no job vacancies. Men became increasingly depressed as their efforts to get back to gainful employment were crushed. The loss of jobs was causing loss of identity; I think this is why Yosser insists on repeating: "I'm Yosser Hughes". He's lost everything but yet he still exists and needs to keep reminding himself and everybody else of it. Yosser represents the millions of people who were unemployed, unable to find work and on the brink of a nervous breakdown. His story shows the tension caused by money problems and that losing a job can result in divorce.

    • Word count: 2399
  14. 'Henry V is a study in what it means to be king' to what extent do you agree with this statement?

    In this conversation the audience are acknowledged of King Henry's past life, of how much of a different person he was; it is told that Henry was somewhat of an adventurous and free soul, he is described as a gushing river full of outbursts 'never came reformation in a flood, with such a heady currance scouring faults'. It is then notified that as soon as his father died Henry had gone through a dramatic change 'the breath no sooner left his fathers body, but that wildness, mortified in him, seemed to die too' through this sentence Shakespeare exemplifies that King

    • Word count: 2230
  15. Exploring stereotypes through the film Crash 2005

    In contrast to the films of the 50's and 60's films of the "blaxploitation" era cast black people in roles such as pimps, drug dealers and sexually promiscuous characters. Black people were given lead roles and often white people were portrayed in a negative way, often racist bigots in authoritative roles to reflect the injustices that black people often suffer at the hand of white supremacy. The "blaxploitation" films were heavily critisised for continuing to use stereotypes but constant popularity amongst the black community allowed films that followed to have similar success such as Gordon Parks Shaft (1972).

    • Word count: 2704
  16. How does J.D Salinger explore the fall of innocence in "The Catcher In The Rye."

    Salinger's of the era. They were in a state of blissful denial. The novel is written in the first person and the technique of the narration is a form known as "stream of consciousness." While the book proceeds in a coarse chronological order, the events are related to the reader as Holden thinks of them. Wherever his mind wanders, the reader follows. Salinger uses Holden's personal issues to represent the issues of an entire generation of American youth, frustrated by the "phonies" of the world.

    • Word count: 2910
  17. An Open Investigation into Current Affairs Panel Shows

    There can be several different sub-contexts for a current affair but their main purpose is to provide an in-depth and sometimes controversial analysis of events as they happen. Their informative conventions are usually manifested through examples of persuasive language, with different perspectives being used to provide a different audience interpretation. Current affair panel shows are an extension of these principles but with one big difference. They use current affairs as a point at which to base their dialogue, but then transform it into something humorous.

    • Word count: 2353
  18. Philip K Dick Comparison

    These philosophical questions in his stories almost always related to the, "intellectual (conceptual) mazes" that he felt he lived his life in. ("Philip K"). Having a number of psychological problems proved to be a, "precious fuel for his vivid literary imagination". ("Philip K(indred)") The books Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and The Man in the High Castle are examples of how he incorporated a recurring question in his life into his works. They both contain the enigmatic theme of Dick's life, which is the question of, "What is real?"

    • Word count: 2185
  19. A national hero, or a divisive force for Wales? Which is the more appropriate description of Owain Glyndwr?

    Ancient myths and stories were a key factor in welsh culture one that they gleefully wished to pass on to Owain Glyndwr in order for him to be the hero they have talked off and triumphantly save them from the miseries of the age and restore their traditional sense of nationalism that is, Welshness. Evidently, there is no dispute that the welsh population today would class Glyndwr as a national hero, but the question this essay intends to answer is whether in early fifteenth century Wales, the same opinion was formed amongst the welsh inhabitants.

    • Word count: 2952
  20. Free essay

    GNVQ Business Promotion Unit 7

    complete, then all students in that course will be examined to see if they are ready to go to the next level. The main purpose of the business is to teach English to students as a foreign language. The product that I have chosen to promote is a summer course for children (aged between 6 to 12) that runs from 8am to 12pm. The children have day after day sessions, the same as the afternoon courses, but the course timings are from 8am to 10am or 10am to 12pm, with a lunch break in-between each lesson.

    • Word count: 2314
  21. Free essay

    'Everyday creativity is always dialogical in Bakhtin's sense.'

    He also argued that language use in literature was not special or different and that literature was just one set of genres out of a wide range of different speech genres within social life. He continued by reproaching the conceptualisation of linguistics in terms of an abstract theoretical model, where meaning and significance of language comes from the numerous connotation of words and their associations with particular speaker intentions. The conception is overall a much more social and ideological on how language works rather than the traditional model.

    • Word count: 2294
  22. In what ways may different groups of English speakers differ in their conversation style?

    That would make it easier to find out if there are any resemblances amongst the different social groups and their conversation styles. The term "conversation" can be interpreted in a multiplicity of different ways. The varieties range from a formal speech (that has been pre-scripted and is just simply read out) to a casual conversation between friends. As a result of this wide range of speech types, there are great many different conversation styles present. Conversation is not necessarily simply informal talk between speakers; it can also be used in more loser terms for example to give sense of the diversity of ways in which English is used in modern society in everyday talk.

    • Word count: 2093
  23. For what reasons and in what ways do speakers of English use style shifting and codeswitching?

    He discovered that the /t/ was pronounced more formally on stations with a professional audience. Peter Trudgill also compared the pronunciation of /t/ in his own speech to that of people he interviewed. He discovered that his pronunciation moved towards a glottal stop more often than his interviewees. His pronunciation of 'better', for example, sounded more like 'be'er' (p.304 course book). This may have been because he was younger than his informants. He also discovered that he used the glottal stop more often when speaking to men as opposed to women, which suggests that the gender of the audience also affects the way one speaks.

    • Word count: 2065
  24. Prescriptivism

    This is true even if another phrase containing a noun in the plural intervenes: 'The wooden platform between the pillars was green and rotten; a line of caravans lumbers northward.' So prescriptivists would say if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural. This is also a problem with titles of book, films etc, and names of firms that are plural and followed by a singular verb: 'Great Expectations is an account of development and identity. Grammatical gender is also a condemning feature in the English language.

    • Word count: 2177
  25. An examination of Shakespeare's use of colloquial language. Although we cannot be sure of how Shakespeare used himself used the language of his time we can look at his contemporaries

    (Salmon & Burgess. 1987. P38) Another use of colloquial language is how people greet each other and addressed each other. It has changed dramatically from how we greet and address each other in modern day English. One of the biggest differences of the language is how Shakespeare communicates to his audience and how we do it now. In this essay I will examine how colloquial language is used in Shakespeare's works and how we use it now. The plays that have colloquial language in them are the typically low life scenes, as in the comedy play Merry Wives of Windsor,

    • Word count: 2685

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "All human thoughts come into existence by grasping the meaning and mastering the use language" Polanyi - Do you agree? Discuss what the author means in the quotation and from a language perspective discern how it relates to knowledge.

    "Now at the end of the day, I can come to the conclusion, that everybody has his or her own definition of thought, meaning and mastering the use of language, and this might affects whether one agrees with Polanyi or not. I myself do not think that human thoughts only come into existence when grasping the meaning and mastering the use of language. I just have many thoughts, which are kept in my head, without using the language I would define as something used to communicate with others. As I am a human, and I constantly think, I believe that I do have human thoughts, and I know that some of them do come into existence, but they often stay in my head the way they are. Without being transformed into "real" language so others can understand me."

  • "If thought corrupt language, language can corrupt thought" Discuss

    "In conclusion to ascertain as to if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought, I totally agree. But I don't take the statement as serious as George Orwell does. He gives many examples of bad writing in the essay Politics and the English language, but I think I speak for everyone that one of those examples we use in our language every day. Does this make us bad writers? According to Orwell we are. I know it's just his opinion but he defiantly takes extremes and basically says that all essays, novels, political speeches that don't look like his own style of writing, are bad language."

  • "In order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world." Discuss and evaluate this claim.

    "In my final conclusion I would argue, that it is nearly impossible to understand how things really are and perceive them in the same way that others do, as everyone perceives the world differently. On the other hand, by becoming aware of their filters, one might understand each individual perception and the way of gaining knowledge. Words: 1628 This is not including the title, footnotes and poem example. 1 John Berger, Ways of Seeing (BBC and Penguin Books, London, 1983) 2 (Albert Einstein) 3 The enterprise of knowledge, John L. Tomkinson 4 stated in 1978 by the Nobel Laureate in Literature winner Isaac Bashevis Singer 5 (Hume) Amelie Kuster ToK - Long Essay 1"

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