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AS and A Level: Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 32
  • Peer Reviewed essays 6
  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analysis of Rhetoric in "Into the Wild" by Jon Krakauer

    5 star(s)

    Krakauer uses factual details from McCandless?s life in order to show the audience that McCandless was not, in fact, crazy. In this example, Krakauer is relaying McCandless?s high achievement throughout college- good grades in a well-established major, participation in extracurricular activities, and committing to graduating college. By stating credible facts, Krakauer creates an appeal to logos, otherwise known as an appeal to logical thinking. It cannot be denied that McCandless indeed had his act together throughout his life. Krakauer continues this appeal in the presentation of McCandless? journal, relaying ?Although the tone of the journal? often verges towards melodrama, the available evidence indicates that McCandless did not misinterpret the facts; telling the truth was a credo he took seriously? (29).

    • Word count: 2755
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Exploring the genre and style of the Political Interview - Paxman and Galloway interview

    5 star(s)

    Trudgill's theories can also be explored; in particular, his belief that men would often use a low prestige pronunciation - thereby seeking covert prestige by appearing "tough" or "down to earth". Hypothesis Both Paxman and the political interviewees will display typical male speech to gain dominance and authority over the conversation. Aims The aims will be to: - Investigate how 'male' language is used to assert ownership of a conversation - Compare my findings with research on male gender language from theorists such as Tannen and Trudgill.

    • Word count: 3977
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Language Aquisition Notes

    5 star(s)

    Nelson also said that in Re-casts (e.g. Ben - "me ball" mum - "pass me the ball") children whose sentences were re-cast performed better at imitating sentences * Halliday is just the functions of child language, I remember them like RRIIIPH, like rest in peace: o Representational - "I've got something to show you" - language showing how they feel, declarative o Regulatory - "Do as I tell you" - requesting/asking for things o Instrumental - "I want"- expressing needs/wants o Interactional - "Me and you" - speaking to other, establishing personal contact o Imaginative - "Let's pretend" - imaginative language, used with play, to create imaginary world.

    • Word count: 5494
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating how language has changed in children's literature; in relation to interaction between children and characters of authority in a boarding school setting.

    5 star(s)

    There will also be a decrease in the frequency of adjective use in speech exchange but not in initial description, as the texts become more modern. The students will gradually use more colloquial speech patterns, but the formality of the authoritative character's speech will remain the same. The relationship between student and teacher will have steadily become more familiar over time between pupil and teacher; this shift in status demonstrates the changing social perception of authoritative figures in modern society from an austere distant relationship to a more supportive role.

    • Word count: 7106
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Explore how Tim Collins addresses his troops in a motivational speech

    4 star(s)

    He demands his troops are "magnanimous in victory". The use of the complex emotive word "magnanimous" shows how he reminds them to act respectfully thus emphasising he also cares for the Iraqis. Collins uses quite a complex word when he could have just used a simpler adjective such as "noble": It could be argued that the high complexity of the adjective "magnanimous" mirrors the level of nobility and respect he expects from his troops. To add to the effect the word is emphasised through his tone of voice as shown by the fact that it is written in bold in the text.

    • Word count: 970
  6. Marked by a teacher

    When comparing the two travel based texts, the different ways in which each text expresses their key ideas and perspectives thorough language and presentation is critical as to how well they appeal to their targeted audiences.

    4 star(s)

    by the operators, and as a secondary purpose it challenges the coach operators to ensure that their advertisements match the experience in reality. In addition to this, as the type of text is an article for a magazine called Coach and Bus Week, the audience is likely to be people very interested in coach and bus travel, and may also include coach operators who have invested money into this industry. In contrast, the informative and promotional Rail Information Leaflet similarly appeals to a small audience, but is targeted at a different range of people, as it appeals to those living in the South East, with the main targeted group being families.

    • Word count: 1720
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Obamas announcement for President

    4 star(s)

    He don't divide people, but gather them together under one unit, with a good effect on the receiver. He has been praised for his language skills, and many critics accused Obama for taking language lessons. In this speech he uses his known 'skills,' and it works, he never talks about himself and the american people as it was two groups, all of his sentences is either 'we' or 'our,' which again makes him more believable. The topic of the speech is America - how they are 'one nation' and how unity conquers everything. He uses different kind of rhetorical elements to make his speech trustworthy and one of them is American civil religion, one of the less implicit

    • Word count: 654
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Class and Gender conflict in Pygmalion

    4 star(s)

    Henry Higgins represents the upper class of society, those that are expected to be both educated and wealthy. He is profoundly aware of his status and is not particularly sympathetic towards those of the lower class. This is revealed as he is first introduced to Liza and refers to her as a 'squashed cabbage leaf.' (Shaw, 2003:18) This first scene is important as it establishes the class differences that are evident within the language contrasts of each of the characters. Higgins plays an important role in establishing this theme as he places great emphasis on phonetics. He has the ability to place an individual within the geographical location of their place of origin.

    • Word count: 1519
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Representation is governed by perspective. For this reason composers will attempt to manipulate their construction of events and characters, to bring to the fore of public discussion, their own esteemed perspective. This becomes evident in texts of, T

    4 star(s)

    The powerful and emotive tone used by Robertson to convey Michael X, coupled with the historical dialogue from the trial, humanizes and elevates the convicted criminal thus the audience is positioned to have an empathetic reaction to the Character as Robertson presents Michael, as a paradigm for all individuals on death row, positioning him as a hero, "token black." Thus he convinces his audiences to see the need to abolish the death penalty, for such a "changed man." Robertson acknowledges the opposing perspective giving credence to his own argument.

    • Word count: 1336
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Exams should be abolished speech

    4 star(s)

    Even parents take exams as a race to see whose children are more intelligent. Students shouldn't be judged on their performance on one day when they might be ill. The exams might not be completely representative of the student's skills as everyone can have a bad day. They are a poor method of assessment as they don't reflect the use of knowledge in a practical environment. They don't reflect how well you'll be able to use your knowledge in real world occupations.

    • Word count: 889
  11. Marked by a teacher

    The Growth and Importance of English as a Global Language.

    4 star(s)

    The English language's earliest origins are from the Germanic language group. This group began as a common language about 3,000 years ago. Many different European languages developed from this Germanic group, depending on which part of this sector - the region of the Elbe river - they were closer to. For example, North Germanic evolved into the modern Scandinavian languages of Swedish, Danish, Norwegian and Icelandic; and East Germanic, which was adopted by Southeast European countries. West Germanic, however, is the language from which English developed, along with German, Dutch and Flemish.

    • Word count: 2647
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Sequential and simultaneous bilingualism.

    4 star(s)

    On the other hand, Bloomfield and Thiery's (1978) theory defines a bilingual as the individual who possesses proficient fluency in two languages, being, therefore, monolingual in both. That level of bilingualism would leave out those individuals that use two languages regularly but not at that standard. Haugen (1969) takes that into account; "Bilingualism... may be of all degrees of accomplishment, but it is understood here to begin at the point where the speaker of one language can produce complete, meaningful utterances in the other language. From here it may proceed through all possible gradations up to the kind of skill that enables a person to pass as a native in more than one linguistic environment."

    • Word count: 2183
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Summary of "Critical period effects in second language learning - The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language", by Jacqueline S. Johnson and Elissa L. Newport,

    4 star(s)

    The hypotheses tested mainly focused on the effects of age on second language attainment. Two studies were done on immigrants who were abiding in the U.S. for approximately five years. According to the interviews conducted by Patkowski in 1980 and the language facts studied by Oyama in 1978, results inferred that the earlier the subjects arrived, the more knowledgeable and well rounded they were on the use of English. The topics pertaining to this research are as follows and are further discussed in the methods section: "1.

    • Word count: 1217
  14. Peer reviewed

    Investigation into the Judgements of Slang

    4 star(s)

    I intend to give four questionnaires (one for each recording) to each participant. The questionnaire will list attributes and after the participant has heard each recording they will be asked to rate the speaker out of four for each attribute (for example, one attribute may be how aggressive the participant is, one would be not at all aggressive, whilst four would be very aggressive) Once I have collected my data, I shall analyse the speakers' language usage and the questionnaire results.

    • Word count: 4002

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "All human thoughts come into existence by grasping the meaning and mastering the use language" Polanyi - Do you agree? Discuss what the author means in the quotation and from a language perspective discern how it relates to knowledge.

    "Now at the end of the day, I can come to the conclusion, that everybody has his or her own definition of thought, meaning and mastering the use of language, and this might affects whether one agrees with Polanyi or not. I myself do not think that human thoughts only come into existence when grasping the meaning and mastering the use of language. I just have many thoughts, which are kept in my head, without using the language I would define as something used to communicate with others. As I am a human, and I constantly think, I believe that I do have human thoughts, and I know that some of them do come into existence, but they often stay in my head the way they are. Without being transformed into "real" language so others can understand me."

  • "If thought corrupt language, language can corrupt thought" Discuss

    "In conclusion to ascertain as to if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought, I totally agree. But I don't take the statement as serious as George Orwell does. He gives many examples of bad writing in the essay Politics and the English language, but I think I speak for everyone that one of those examples we use in our language every day. Does this make us bad writers? According to Orwell we are. I know it's just his opinion but he defiantly takes extremes and basically says that all essays, novels, political speeches that don't look like his own style of writing, are bad language."

  • "In order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world." Discuss and evaluate this claim.

    "In my final conclusion I would argue, that it is nearly impossible to understand how things really are and perceive them in the same way that others do, as everyone perceives the world differently. On the other hand, by becoming aware of their filters, one might understand each individual perception and the way of gaining knowledge. Words: 1628 This is not including the title, footnotes and poem example. 1 John Berger, Ways of Seeing (BBC and Penguin Books, London, 1983) 2 (Albert Einstein) 3 The enterprise of knowledge, John L. Tomkinson 4 stated in 1978 by the Nobel Laureate in Literature winner Isaac Bashevis Singer 5 (Hume) Amelie Kuster ToK - Long Essay 1"

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