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AS and A Level: Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

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  1. An Investigation into the Representation of The War on Iraq

    Paul Wolfowits adapts another much softer tone to persuade the audience, by creating sympathy towards the Americans and the soldiers, re-enforcing his personal experience in Iraq, expressing the troubles and obstacles that soldiers go through. George W Bush's declaration of war speech uses an even softer tone to lure the audience on his side by expressing all the positives that it is going to be gained and that are going to be done in a humane and moral way. Text A represents the American war on Iraq in a very negative light claiming to have revealed the "truth".

    • Word count: 1856
  2. Grouping texts on the basis of shared linguistic features. Text A like text B is a transcript however, it is a Radio Five weather forecast which means that it is spoken but pre-planned. It is a factual and precise transcript rather than

    The use of interrogatives in this text is to create an interaction with the reader. This text directly addresses the reader through its interrogatives for example; "could you tell the rest of the world about your passion?" the personal pronoun "you" also helps to create synthetic personalisation with the reader. Text A - like text B - is a transcript however, it is a Radio Five weather forecast which means that it is spoken but pre-planned. It is a factual and precise transcript rather than emotive, this is because its aim is to inform the listeners.

    • Word count: 653
  3. Investigate and analyse how spoken language is adapted by a teacher

    In the transcript a directive is used by the teacher. For example: "Sit down please" and "hurry up" These directives have been used to get the classes attention and control the students so the teacher can start the lesson. This gives the effect to the students that the teacher is in charge. The word 'please' may have been used because the teacher may want to show respect to the students so the students so they show respect back to her. A 'list of three' also known as 'tripling' had been used by the teacher.

    • Word count: 669
  4. Examine the representation of WAGs in a range of Newspaper articles.

    He uses the dynamic verbs "shopped" and "partied" to give a stereotypical representation of their lives. The reader may make a judgement on this that WAGs are immoral, as the reader is more likely not to experience this type of lifestyle, and have to work for their money. However, the author reassures the reader by using the third person pronoun "they". This fulfils the purpose of detachment - separating the reader from the WAGs, who have been represented as immoral, rich, gold-diggers through their daily lifestyle. In the second paragraph, the author uses an embedded subordinate clause to represent the WAGs as beneath himself and the reader.

    • Word count: 1863
  5. George Bush Speech Analysis. This speech was given by former U.S. President, George Bush, in the city of New Orleans, regarding the devastating occurrence of Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

    The external audience is the mass media, the public and for the rest of those whom it may concern. George Bush's primary message was to inform the public of the disastrous event. He spoke primarily in first person, using words like 'we' and 'us' repetitively to show unity between the country and the people. The structure of the speech is organized in a specific sequence. First, the speaker discussed what happened and then he stated his opinion on the matter. Then, Bush followed with examples, such as the hospital and the firefighter, which were personal experiences. These personal experiences showed that these people were still willing to work together in aiding others less fortunate.

    • Word count: 717
  6. In four separate paragraphs of about 100 words each write about: Dialects, Sociolects, Idiolects, and Register. Support you notes with examples.

    In Standard English, a speaker would say: "I was standing at the bus stop". In many Northern English dialects this is often rendered as: "I was stood at the bus stop". On the level of vocabulary, examples of dialectal differences include American English 'subway', contrasting with British English 'underground'; and corn, which means "maize" in the United States, Canada, and Australia, "wheat" in England, and "oats" in Scotland. Nevertheless, while dialects of the same language differ, they still possess a common core of features. A dialect is often associated with a particular accent. Sometimes a dialect gains status and becomes the standard vareity of a country.

    • Word count: 580
  7. Arthur and George by Julian Barnes Critcal Analysis. This extract recounts the experiences of a young boy named George. He is the main character, and the passage focuses on his perspective of the world.

    This limited view lets the reader experience the naivety of George and how he reacts to the world around him; for instance when George started crying because of the "sudden hoarse bellow" the cow utters, the passage only describes the actions of his father and does not go into any other detail. George's character is conveyed in simple diction in the passage, which mirrors and continues to emphasise his age and naivety.

    • Word count: 449
  8. Investigation into representation of gender through speech

    sound more aggressive * Girls are also more likely to use monitoring devices and tag questions to check the response of the group when making a statement than boys * These features will remain the same whether the groups are mixed or not Features to look for- Aggression: * repetition * short sentences * simple sentence structure * first person voice used when stating opinions * divergence * interruption * directness Hesitancy: * fillers * reformulation/recycling * monitoring devices * politeness techniques * convergence * tag questions * turn-taking * pauses * second person/third person voice * passive voice *

    • Word count: 1341
  9. Discuss the various theories of Language Acquisition

    However, there are of course many obvious limitations of this theory. When parents try to correct children too much, research has shown that children actually progess slower because they are not being allowed to express themselves as freely. Often, when a parent attempts to make a child repeat a certain sentence, the child is unable to respond correctly, because the syntactical structure is completely unfamiliar. Additionally, a parent or carer is more likely to dispute the content of a child's statement as opposed to the grammar.

    • Word count: 1149
  10. Free essay

    Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the argument that children have an innate capacity for language. What other explanations of language acquisition by children have been offered?

    Although all of these theories have immense amounts of evidence to support the corresponding ideas, it remains open to debate which is most likely. The central idea of the theory of nativism is that a child's brain contains special language-learning mechanisms at birth. The 'champion' of this theory, who is most often associated with innateness, is Noam Chomsky (b. 1928), an American linguist. Chomsky believed that children must have an inborn faculty for language acquisition. According to this theory, the process is biologically determined as the brain contains linguistic information at birth; the child's natural predisposition to learn language is

    • Word count: 1609
  11. How is the ideal male represented through physical description in modern Mills and Boon literature?

    Within this genre, men are represented as clothes horses rather than characters in their own right. In the independent clause, the lexical field of clothing is more prevalent than the hero: Cameron's tie is the subject of the clause, the shirt its object. Even in the subordinate clause, Cameron is not described as a separate entity: rather, each physical attribute is described in turn, which ultimately objectifies him. Pronouns replace proper nouns. A modifying adjective, "prominent", emphasises male virility, as does the common noun "Adam's apple", a traditional symbol of masculinity.

    • Word count: 1474
  12. Speech Analysis. The video I would like to analyze is called Randy Pausch Inspires Graduates from YouTube.com. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RcYv5x6gZTA) the speaker is Randy Pausch and the audience is the graduates for Carnegie Mellon University of 20

    In this video, Randy shared his own experience with the graduates. He encouraged the graduate to think positive, live their life well and find their own passion. Randy learned that he had a terminal case of pancreatic cancer in August 2006 and he was told he likely 3-6 months left to live that time. However, he was a positive person. In this video, he said,' I am not gonna get down and do any push-ups.' Randy said we should try to do the thing we want to do as not to feel regretful.

    • Word count: 1303
  13. I decided to produce and experiment in the field of journalistic writing alongside a transcription of a radio documentary. The former is centred on a social topic, delineating the harms of smoking in the form of a broadsheet newspaper article for The Obse

    The word 'typography' is in fact is derived from the Greek word 'typos' which is defined as 'impression'. Hence, the impression left upon the reader is in fact a crucial process of his/her perception of the article as whole, and this cannot be explicated without the study of typography. Moreover, the fact that the body copy has been used and the article is laid out into columns, ensures that the article is reader-friendly. The purpose of the radio documentary is similar yet profoundly distinct in contrast to the newspaper article. The features of similarity are those which convey the harms of smoking and the instantaneous consequences of a cigarette.

    • Word count: 1798
  14. Eulogy for Gary Speed

    We often see clich�s thrown about too easily, but few people would argue that he was a lion on the pitch in his leadership and a role model off the pitch. Both his opponents and teammates would agree with this statement. In one game against Liverpool, we were 2-0 down with a man sent off at half-time, but Gary at half time, being the soldier he was on the pitch, showed us that there was light at the end of the tunnel, he made us pull our socks up with his speech and if you're going to talk the talk as a player, you better walk the walk and Gary most definitely did.

    • Word count: 801
  15. An investigation into the similarities and differences between written social interactions through the new technological media and traditional spoken English

    Thus, internet technology has enabled the vast number of lexical neologisms to gradually integrate with the English language by means of imitating the spoken form of English. David Crystal, a well-known author and linguistics professor at the University of Wales, expressed his similar views to argue that a multitude of sources have now become available to propagate informal and non-standard English. He claims that the 'Resources for the expression of informality in writing have hugely increased - something not seen in English since the Middle Ages.'1 This idea of a language moving constantly and never completely staying still is a

    • Word count: 5149
  16. Grandpas Soup by Jackie Kay and The Coming of Yams and Mangoes and Mountain Honey by James Berry. Compare two texts from the anthology which show how food can be associated with memory

    The lines are also short, consisting of ten or less words each. This form ensures that when read, the first stanza is memorable as the flow and rhythm of the short lines ensures that the reader can connect with Kay's own memories and also ensures that parts of the poem become stuck in the reader's mind, such as "and its dice potatoes the perfect size and its wee soft bits" which flow nicely when read and further Kay's aim of conveying her own memories to the reader, making it significant.

    • Word count: 1610
  17. Is it good to have English as global language?

    Secondly, a language can be made a priority in a country's foreign-language teaching, even though this language has no official status. It becomes the language which children are most likely to be taught when they arrive in school. Why a language becomes a global language has little to do with the number of people who speak it. It is much more to do with who those speakers are. Latin became an international language throughout the Roman Empire, but this was not because the Romans were more numerous.

    • Word count: 575
  18. We began this class with reading Mary Louise Pratts essay Arts of the Contacts Zones.By reading this essay, I was able to understand the meaning of being able to read a text through the lens of a theory and I was able to use this con

    A specific area where I could of done this was when I stated how "I slowly began to disassociate myself from hockey because I couldn't deal with the judgments and stereotypes I kept being labeled" (Gray 4). After this statement I moved onto new ideas and thoughts. If I wanted to make this essay stronger, I believe I should of looked deeper into why I wanted to dissociated myself from this culture and how I was able to do so.

    • Word count: 1249
  19. Creative writing and commentary. It was the year 2015 and Earth was exploring outer space when they discovered a new planet. The planet was very similar to Earth, the air was breathable, it had clear and clean running rivers and streams,

    The Lisbon's were going on holiday for fifteen days to Floggolopia over Christmas and it was time to pack their things for the holiday. An old family friend called Michael was round the house, he was there to take care of the animals while they went on holiday and had to speak to Daniel about the company as he was also running it for Daniel while he was away. Daniel met Michael in 2019 when he moved over from Australia, he worked for Daniel as the Senior Manager of the Accounts Department, and they were close just like family.

    • Word count: 7859
  20. President Obamas use of rhetorical devices increased the effectiveness of his speech. He began his speech with an Asyndeton, a lack of conjunctions between phrases, clauses, or words, by saying, I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grat

    Obama, as all other presidents, starts off his speech by showing how dedicated he is to his country. This quote gives the Americans a vivid description of his personality and a good reason why they were right in their decision to choose him to run their country. He reuses Asyndeton in the fifth paragraph when he says, "Houses have been lost, jobs shed, businesses shuttered." In this quote, he implies that the destruction of houses, loss of careers, and decline in economical rates have all taken and are still taking place in America because of the people's recklessness.

    • Word count: 1430
  21. Language Investigation. In my investigation I will consider lexical, grammatical and semantic frameworks to help explore my aim of females language representing their social class.

    is which makes extract one have quite a formal register which supports my aim as the formal register is an indication of social class. Extract three is written in the first person narrative and is in the past tense. There is not as much evidence of direct speech in this extract but the narrative is of a much more informal style allowing it to seem like direct speech from the narrator, this is evident in the way the writer uses dialectical terms such as ''cos', colloquial terms such as 'mitt' and by starting sentences in the non standard way of

    • Word count: 1228
  22. A review of the film 'The Death of Mr Lazarescu'. The Death of Mr Lazarescu takes an unflinching look at societys disregard for the ailing and elderly.

    The ambulance finally arrives and we are introduced to the backbone of the whole film: the paramedic Mioara (Luminita Gheorghiu). With a quiet realism she manages to convey the slowly burgeoning emotional attachment she has to Lazarescu, this manifests itself little in her interactions with him personally, but more in her resolute efforts to afford him the treatment he so desperately needs. We learn of the seemingly mundane issues that litter her life; she wants her son to get married, she has a problem with her gall bladder, these unimportant titbits are what make her character all the more endearing.

    • Word count: 1207
  23. Language autobiography. Being a girl of a mixed ethnic background, you can imagine the diversity of language used across my family. The dialects and accents have a wide variety as my family are spread all across the globe.

    he is also fluent in English, but he has an Arab accent. My father lives in Lebanon so his dialect of Arabic has changed to the Lebanese dialect because of his surroundings but he still has a twang of the Palestinian dialect. The main languages in my family are English and Arabic, but there are so many dialects, such as Egyptian, Jordanian, Emirati, Lebanese, Moroccan, Saudi Arabian, Syrian Arabic and Essex accents, Dorset accent, Scottish accent, American accent, Australian accent. This is just the start of the variety of language in my family!

    • Word count: 866
  24. English Language AS Representation Coursework. This is an investigation on the representation of Chris Brown, his childhood experience of domestic violence, how he was portrayed in the media after his assault on his ex-girlfriend and his success after th

    Text B represents Chris Brown in a good way by reporting how Chris Brown has gone from being a outcast to a loved icon again. Text C represents Chris Brown as someone who has had a negative childhood and how this experience has affected his life. Text A is representing Chris Brown in a negative light. The semantics begin the article with "Rihanna's hell ride", illustrating her ordeal so the reader is fully aware the writer does not condone Chris Browns actions.

    • Word count: 1497
  25. Rhetorical Analysis of Making a Killing off Captivity by Melissa Richards

    Just as one would think that the spectacle was over, the reader is shocked at the unexpected ending as the audience would have been at Seaworld. The reader's perception of the orca as being a fun loving, friendly creature, emphasized by the amusing nickname 'Tilly', immediately changes to perceiving the orca as a villain. Richards questions "what could have prompted this sudden violent outburst from Tilikum, a whale who has been in captivity for almost thirty years?" This question brings new dimension to the matter at hand. Suddenly the situation isn't as black and white as one would have assumed.

    • Word count: 1961

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