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AS and A Level: Seamus Heaney
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Seamus Heaney's biography
- 1 He is a Northern Irish poet and playwright. He was born in 1939.
- 2 He is the eldest of nine children and was brought up on a farm.
- 3 His childhood provides material for a great deal of his poetry.
- 4 The Troubles (ie: the conflict in Northern Ireland) are also alluded to in his poetry.
- 5 He won the Nobel Prize for Literature and his books account for two thirds of sales of living poets in the UK.
Heaney's ideas and expression
- 1 A lot of Heaney's poems are autobiographical and he draws upon the experiences of his childhood.
- 2 He describes the local surroundings in his poems and the natural world. Heaney often uses specialist farming lexis to give his poems greater authenticity.
- 3 Mid-Term Break describes the death of his four year old brother and The Barn shows how terrified he was of the dark barn with its weapon like tools.
- 4 An important theme is his father and the respect and admiration he has for him this can be seen in both the Follower and Digging.
- 5 He uses descriptive imagery and evokes the senses. Although he uses free verse at times the power of Heaney’s poetry lies in rhythm created by alliteration, enjambment and repetition.
Top tips for writing essays on poetry
- 1 Embed quotations to show understanding and knowledge of poems.
- 2 Refer to the essay question in conclusion, introduction and topic sentences.
- 3 Use poetry terminology to show understanding of the techniques Seamus used in creating the poem.
- 4 Avoid describing the content - analyse the poem.
- 5 When comparing and contrasting two or more poems use the language of comparison and similarly discuss the similarities and differences of the poems.
- Peer Reviewed essays 5
But in the second stanza it changes, the tone of the stanza is less happy; it is serious and uses many negative phrases 'Then one hot day when fields were rank' (line 22) 'Right down the d*m gross - bellied frogs were cocked' (line 27) And also fearful is the tone 'I knew that if I dipped my hand the spwan would clutch it' (line33) He shows he now no longer likes nature 'I sickened, turned and ran' (line31) that is the change.
- Word count: 1306