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AS and A Level: Aldous Huxley
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Truth and happinesstwo things everybody wants. In the novel Brave New World, Aldous Huxley presents an interesting view on these two components.
They learn to "like their unescapable social destiny" (Huxley,16), which is the "the secret of happiness and virtue" (Huxley, 16) according to the Director, and "they get what they want, and they never want what they can't get" (Huxley, 220). However, as a result of their intensive conditioning, people of the World State are incapable of thinking beyond the realm of what they have been conditioned to think, "enslaved by [their] conditioning" (Huxley, 91). Their own beliefs and morals are limited, which is apparent in Lenina's character, who commonly resorts to her library of hypnopaedic phrases in emotional conversations.
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No one is anything more than an easily replaceable cell in the social body. No one can show their resistance if their mind is constantly numb from excessive drug use. Soma is not bought but given out in rations, as if it were as essential as food. The Delta's reaction to having their Soma rations throw out the window leads one to believe that Soma was even more important than food. People die without food, but the Delta's seemed to want to die without their Soma.
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Lenina upsets her friend, f***y, by telling her she has been having a relationship with Henry Foster. She also tells f***y about feelings she has for another man, Bernard Marx. Lenina goes to Bernard and accepts his invite to see the Savage Reservation. This outward show of affection embarrasses Bernard and he asks to talk about it in private. Lenina then goes on a date with Henry in his helicopter. Bernard often feels inadequate because he is shorter than other Alphas, making him the same height as the lower castes.
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How does a comparative study of 'Brave New World' and 'Brave Runner' bring to the fore ideas about the consequences of the desire for control?
This has been initially conveyed through the pessimistic portrayal of their futuristic worlds as dystopias, which is a reflection of the destructive outcomes caused by humanity's separation from the natural world. Both texts show many contrasts and similarities through techniques, language, settings, and characterisation to warn the varied audiences of the dangers of technology, scientific development and materialistic methods of thinking. An aspect of both texts where the composers are warning about the consequences of the desire for control concerns the detachment of humanity with the natural environment.
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Despite different contexts both Aldous Huxley within his book Brave New World and Ridley Scott in the film Blade Runner explore the idea that humans feel themselves more sophisticated than the natural world
At various points through out the book different characters make reference to needing a "pregnancy surrogacy". This indicates to the audience that, although natural reproduction has been replaced by science, the instincts of a woman to bear children could not be eradicated. At the same time Huxley uses irony. While his characters feel natural urges they are able to over come them through such "pregnancy surrogacy", demonstrating that the persons of the New State still feel that science and humanity are more sophisticated than the natural rhythms of human beings.
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Ridley Scott's film "Blade Runner: Director's Cut" and Aldous Huxley's novel "Brave New World" explore the concept of 'In The Wild' by focusing on the natural world and its rhythms falling victim to unbridled scientific development
Also, in 1913, Henry Ford founded mass production - maximum efficiency through monotonous conformity. These contextual elements stand as the birth place for Huxley's 'Brave New World' - a text that satirically explores the irony of progression that is, in fact, backward in its effects on humanity and its natural rythms In Scott's 1980's context, global corporations were rapidly expanding, and were increasingly threatening individual autonomy. This era saw these materialistic multinational corporations, as symbolized by Tyrell, rise to enormous economic and political power. Due to the movements of the 60s and 70s against environmental degradation, the state of the natural environment (eg: the ozone layer and industrialisation)
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Discuss the significance of seemingly “unrealistic” or apparently implausible characters, places or events in literature you have studied.
This is obvious from Chapter XVII in which John and Mustapha Mond have an intense discussion about the nature of their whole world, passage that sums up and develops all of the main ideas exposed in the preceding chapters and acts as a climax too. Judging from the content of the ideological battle portrayed we may say the Aldous Huxley's intention was to convey a moral message, a warning to what uncontrolled human development may produce: a degenerated society according to our standards (note that during the novel Huxley's tone when describing the world is largely subjective and tilted towards our opinion of their moral and social values, reinforcing the argument of Huxley's intention)
- Word count: 1535