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AS and A Level: George Orwell
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Control is one of the main components of the two minutes hate. The people are helpless, they are 'like that of a landed fish' in the robotic machine that is Big Brother. They cannot escape from 'the voice' that 'continued inexorably' and there is no escapism to be had in the 'frenzy' of voices yelling at the screen. This reflects a nightmare that is inescapable until we awake. Winston longs to awaken in a society capable of love, without suffering, but it seems he knows that can never arise.
- Word count: 823
"Do you begin to see, then, what kind of world we are creating? It is the exact opposite of the stupid hedonistic utopias that the old reformers imagined." Discuss the anti-utopia that Orwell is portraying with reference to totalitarian regimes.5 star(s)
AS O'Brien expresses, this was the initial aim of the 'old reformers'; indeed, the concept of communism in Russia and China, in its origins, seems closely linked to the principles of Utopia. While O'Brien may simply be referring to More in his dismissal of 'stupid hedonistic utopias,' totalitarian dictators such as Hitler, in principle at least, did have this aim in his quest for the augmentation of the German State. In this respect Big Brother has learnt both from literature and history.
- Word count: 613
Who Controls the past, controls the future - Who Controls the present controls the past - What might George Orwell have meant to say when he said this?4 star(s)
The re-creation of history by these white males conveys the world, as they want it to be, in order to attain control over the public i.e. the World. By rewriting books, as they wanted them, and confiscating any unwanted material, they had full control of the past, therefore they were control of the current time (present), and hence the future! The motto of the Party is 'Those who control the past, control the future; Those who control the future control the past.
- Word count: 698
1984 fifty years on - in what respects has the fictitious future vision of George Orwell "come true"?4 star(s)
Nineteen Eighty-Four is not only criticism of what Orwell saw happening in his country with the coming of English Socialism, but a warning of the consequences of contemporary government actions and what they were threatening to cause. Perhaps the novel seems so bleak because it was written in the conditions and environment in which Orwell lived in 1948, straight after the Second World War. Perhaps people would be more comfortable with the novel if they could forget the thought of the possibility of the prediction becoming real.
- Word count: 734
The purpose of dystopian literature is to dehumanize the individual To what extent do the novels Nineteen Eighty Four and the Road support or refute this view?
We can also see the boy knows that without his father he would not be able to defend for himself and would be lonely. When the father asks him "what would you do if I died" the son replies "if you died I would want to die too/....so I could be with you" This love between the boy and the father allows us to over look the apparent loneliness the boy has, with the humanity between the two characters shining through.
- Word count: 2066
George Orwell, one of English literatures most important and famous writers, draws the picture of a dystopia in one of his best known novels 1984. Being considered as a warning against totalitarianism, it is also possible to say that the novel puts fo
In 1984 he translates this situation in to the future by adding details that are unfamiliar (57). Thus, it becomes possible to say that as a result of the world's existing state at the time Orwell wrote 1984, he was deeply concerned about the future and that his pessimist attitude in his novel acted as a warning and as a criticism of totalitarian regimes. Adriaan M. De Lange, in his book The Influence of Political Bias in Selected Essays of George Orwell says, "The rise of Fascism, Nazism and Stalinist communism in Europe and the resultant tremors in Britain left an indelible mark on Orwell's thought and work (1)."
- Word count: 4729
Personal freedom is restricted because Oceania is in a permanent state of war and everyone is potentially a traitor. The only chance of survival is by showing obedience to the Party's orthodoxy and complete devotion to the cult of BB. Everybody is constantly watched and the use of language modified to try and crush independent, individual, autonomous thought, so that the Party will at last be in control of the whole inner being of every man. Winston Smith (whose name is a symbol: Winston stands for Churchill, and Smith is a common surname, making him a stereotype of every man)
- Word count: 1411
During the first barn meeting Old Major spoke of an ideal world where animals ran their own farm in peace and harmony with one another. One of the most important quotes said by old major was him describing the lives of the animals. "Our lives are miserable, laborious, and short". He said that once the animals had served their purpose they were slaughtered and sold for cash. Nothing but useless bodies consuming while they could no longer produce anything and farmers could not have that.
- Word count: 1367
Imperalism, he wrote, at the end of his change, was an evil thing, and the sooner he chucked his job and got out of it the better. He says, he was all for the Burmese and all against their British oppressors. Back in London he settled down in a grotty bedroom in Potobello Road. There at the age of twenty- four, he started to teach himself how to write. In spring of 1928 he turned his back on his own inherited values, by taking a drastic step.
- Word count: 9231
Through the presentation of dreams, Winston's deep longing for the past is revealed. Where the ability to assert individualism, independence, as well as to allow feelings and emotions that flowed freely, had existed in the past, they have now been eradicated by the government. In his dreams, Winston's mother and sister sacrificed their prerogatives and lives so that he might live. Evident through images of them "drowning deeper" or sinking into "darkening water" in a "saloon of a sinking ship" while he "was [being] out in the light and air", these subterranean underwater metaphors create the illusion of losing something
- Word count: 1452
There are little details in Winston's life that do bring a sense of relief; the fact that luckily his room contains an area in which he can remain unseen by the telescreens. This offers him a minute place of solitude in a society where Big Brother is omnipresent. The presence of his diary and his pen, there is relief in the fact that he is able to write, even if it is extremely dangerous to do so. Remnants of the past can still be found in some places, the paper weight Winston finds, for example becomes something beautiful and rare that brings colour to the grimness of his situation.
- Word count: 1063
The first part of Down and Out is clearly about Orwell's poverty, his jobs, and the people he worked and lived with, in Paris. The second part describes his experiences as a tramp when he returned penniless too England and reluctant to apply to friends for help. Down and Out is perhaps the least passionate of Orwell's books. He recounted only of the facts he witnessed, not of their wide implications. Although in the second half he manages to combine, almost unintentionally, a straightforward personal account with a detailed sociological investigation into the circumstances under which tramps and vagrants lived, he appeals to the warmth of common sense rather than the coldness of theory.
- Word count: 1420
Napoleon tried to turn the other animals' attention away from the milk. The milk was never discussed with the other animals and this shows that Napoleon was not being fair and is already trying to exploit the other animals. It seems that he already has a hidden agenda which is fuelled by his greed. The pigs also agree between themselves that they should also have all the apples. Napoleon uses Squealer to defend the pigs' devious actions and explain to the other animals. He says, "It is for your sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples. Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty?
- Word count: 1236
Yet at the same time the Burmese took great delight in treating him like dirt, in petty revenge for their situation - making his job and life hell. These conflicting feelings are echoed in the register and style of Orwell's writing; the high-flowing language of "Imperialism was an evil thing" contrasts with the slang of "The sooner I chucked my job...the better", to bring out Orwell's intense dislike of his duties, doing the "dirty work" of the "Empire". Yet despite the highly emotive language used to describe his job, the "wretched prisoners" and "intolerable" sense of guilt, Orwell still found himself hating the Burmese.
- Word count: 2973
"Utopia is no place". How does the Utopian and dystopian fiction you have studied present the possibility of perfection.
Utopia is a "prototypical sociological and anthropological study"3 into humanity. In book II, More 'records' Raphael's account of life in Utopia as he 'experienced it'. He presents a prescriptive report of social structures of Utopia - contrasting it, in the minds of the responders, with his earlier discussions in Book I of the "sorry state of the realm of England". Utopia ends, first with a rousing flourish by Hythloday in which he claims Utopia to be the most perfect of societies, followed by More's assessment that many Utopian policies are absurd, though there are some he would "like to see adopted in Europe"4.
- Word count: 1010
This is the first outright claim that Orwell makes which directly shows the pigs seizing superiority. Throughout the novel, the reader sees the proceedings from the animal’s point of view. Chapter 10 of Animal Farm really shows us the power of this narrative technique. Although it seems to the animals that “their life, so far as they knew, was as it always had been” - they remain naïvely hopeful to the very end that things will, one day, get better. Even after realising that Old Major’s dream of equality should be upon them by now, they all insist “still it was coming”.
- Word count: 1280
They come to love their newly adapted slogan, and tend to break out into it in the middle of tumult. Although they like it so much, they are willing to change it to "four legs good, two legs better." without much resistance. And finally, they show gullibility in that they too become terrified of Napoleon after the executions just like all the other animals. This trusting characteristic is especially taken advantage of by Napoleon and shows great weakness from the sheep.
- Word count: 501