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AS and A Level: J.D. Salinger

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  1. How do Holden's encounters with Mr Antolini affect his attitude towards people and education in particular?

    '"Mr Vinsons," I said. He meant all the Mr Vinsons, not all the Mr Vineses. I shouldn't have interrupted him, though.' However, the general feeling that Holden may be beginning to think maturely and listen to people is suddenly halted when he wakes to find Mr Antolini patting him on the head. Instantly Holden perceives this to be a Homosexual advance or encounter and decides to leave the apartment. Alternatively it may have simply been an old friend, marginally inebriated, trying to comfort a teenager in trouble. Not only does he leave the apartment but also loses the respect for Mr Antolini he once had.

    • Word count: 837
  2. Contemporary North American Teenager and The Catcher in the Rye.

    Holden Caulfield's cynical and jaded narration leads chapter by chapter in The Catcher in the Rye. An American teenager's wandering life is well-illustrated through Holden's journey, from his school, Pencey Prep, to New York. Holden has to leave school and is afraid to tell his parents so he goes to New York. The statistics from the National Centre for Education Statistics and the U. S. Department of Education indicate that in 1997, the dropout rate for students ages 16 to 24 was 11 per cent. When Holden stays in Edmont Hotel in New York, he meets a prostitute, Sunny.

    • Word count: 798
  3. The Catcher In the Rye.

    But instead of writing about a room, he wrote about his brother Allie's baseball mitt in it he tells us about his brother and how he died of leukaemia. This may be one of the events that has caused Holden's current psychological troubles, Whatever the cause of his difficulties, the paper does reveal that Allie's death is still a major concern for Holden and that the unpredictable and often violent behaviour that Holden demonstrates during the course of his tale has a precedent.

    • Word count: 1251
  4. Ever since its publication in 1951 J.D.Salinger's Catcher in the rye has served as a firestorm for controversy and debate why is this and is the books reputation still deserved?

    The danger of this is people start to measure their lives by what they own rather than what they have in terms of happiness. Capitalism also causes people to always want the new washing machine or upgraded version of their car stopping those who are materialistic from ever being content with what they have. Communism on the other hand is where a nation works together for the good of their country as a whole, everyone is seen as an equal.

    • Word count: 1425
  5. How does the reliability of the narrator, and they style they use, affect the way the reader responds to the narrator and the novel? Discuss in relation to Wuthering Heights and Catcher In The Rye.

    Right from the onset of both books it is clear that neither narrators are very reliable. Holden Caulfield's unreliability is pointed out by Salinger within the first page, when Holden says he go "pretty run down and had to come down here to take it easy". It is clear to the reader that he has some kind of breakdown and is now recovering from hospital. Although the reader does not know the extent or the nature of Holden's mental problems it causes the reader to be wary about his reliability right from the start.

    • Word count: 2343
  6. Angela's Ashes Comparative Commentary.

    The 5-years-old little Frankie is already witness to his sister Margaret's death, and now he losts his little brother Oliver. In this scene, where Oliver is buried in the graveyard, Frankie tries to understand the things around him with his childish curiosity and responses. "I did not want to leave Oliver with them. I threw a rock at a jackdaw that waddled over toward Oliver's grave." Nevertheless, although his age, Holden's inability to come to terms with his brother's death makes him angry and resentful.

    • Word count: 752
  7. Catcher In The Rye - review.

    The book describes the story of Holden Caulfield, a teenager growing up in 1950s New York, who has been expelled from his "prep" school for poor achievement once again. Holden has been expelled from many schools previously as a result of his poor achievement, which is a possible reason for his decision to turn against the world as it had done to him. In an attempt to deal with this he leaves school four days prior to the end of term, and goes to New York to 'take a vacation' before returning to his parents' inevitable displeasure at his expulsion!

    • Word count: 1071
  8. Theme in The Catcher in the Rye.

    By using long, run-on sentences, J.D. Salinger allows room for Holden to contradict himself and examine hypothetical situations. This shows that Holden's life is full of confusion and turmoil of which Holden is just beginning to make sense. ________ Tone in The Catcher in the Rye In The Catcher in the Rye, J.D. Salinger uses an ironic tone to discuss Holden's attitudes. The author is impatient with Holden's immaturity and uses the character of Phoebe to express his feelings towards the title character. The ironic tone is enhanced by Salinger's use of italics in the conversation between Holden and Phoebe.

    • Word count: 5338
  9. What does Chapter One of The Catcher in the Rye tell us about the character Holden Caulfield?

    should write what people tell him to write for money (like a prostitute). Readers also discover that Holden has been kicked out of school for failing four out of five of his classes. The first two sentences of the novel already give readers a perception of what Holden Caulfield is like. He rejects the habitual manner of narrating a story, and opts for his own more casual approach. Furthermore, he says "...but I don't feel like going into it, if you want to know the truth".

    • Word count: 572
  10. Analysis of The Catcher in the Rye.

    One experience in general, helps the reader to understand why Holden really does despise society. In chapter twenty-five, Holden becomes quite erratic, and experiences what seems to be a nervous breakdown. During this time, Holden sits on a park bench and ponders about how he would like to escape from the east, and live a secluded life on the outskirts of the woods in the west. He would become a deaf-mute, get a job pumping gas and changing oil for people at a local gas station. He would marry a beautiful deaf-mute woman and maybe even have children someday.

    • Word count: 1432
  11. The Catcher in the Rye - Consider and discuss 5 or 6 episodes in the book, which reveal different aspects of Holden Caulfield's character

    In the whole book, he puts on faces for the people he is talking to, almost never showing the real Holden Caulfield. A good example of this 'policy' is his conversation to Mrs Morrow on the train to New York (Chpt. 8, Pp 48-52), the mother of another boy he knows at his school, Pencey. When he first meets her, and discovers whose mother she is, he remembers what kind of person her son is. The story depicts Ernest Morrow as, "...the biggest bastard that ever went to Pencey..."

    • Word count: 2331
  12. A Liar is a Liar is a Liar.

    One is that he resents the fame and fortune of the acting career and therefore says that actors are all phonies. This resentment results in Holden's hatred of movies. Holden comments that the actors don't act like real people and that he can't imagine why anyone would actually watch a movie for entertainment alone. "Besides, I'd been to the movies with Brossard and Ackley before. They both laughed like hyenas at stuff that wasn't even funny. I didn't even enjoy sitting next to them in the movies."

    • Word count: 1338
  13. The Catcher in the Rye - Holden's obsession with death

    Allie was his example of life. He was someone who Holden admired a lot "You'd have liked him. He was two years younger than I was, but he was about fifty times as intelligent. He was terrifically intelligent. (...) He was also the nicest in lots of ways. He never got mad at anybody"2 because he was one of the few people that accepted him how he was without making any prejudges over him and who he had shared his life with.

    • Word count: 685
  14. Holden Caulfield: Protector of Innocence In J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye.

    Three years later, after Allie's death, Holden stands on the edge of his cherished childhood, his innocence peering down into the darkness of adulthood. Holden scorns phoniness and cynicism and instead clings to the purity of his childlike innocence. "If a body catch a body coming through the rye," sings a little boy skipping on the street (Salinger 115). Upon hearing this Holden is immediately comforted and notices that some of his depression is lifted. To Holden, the song conjures images of children playing happily in a huge field of rye near a dangerous cliff.

    • Word count: 1058
  15. To what extent do the authors of The Outsider and The Catcherin the Rye suggest that society pressures individuals to fit in and conform to society's mores?

    Salinger also utilises settings to illustrate Holden's attempts to overcome his ostracised state. Salinger does this by surrounding Holden with other school acquaintances such as Ackley and Mal Brossard in a circa 1950's American cinema setting. The placement of Holden in a typical teenager's setting, such as a cinema, causes Holden to appear as if he is attempting to fit into society as a typical teenager; even though he has made it abundantly clear he cannot stand either the cinema or CUMULATIVE COUNT: 301 WORDS these individuals.

    • Word count: 2288
  16. The Rainbow Stripes and their Meaning.

    He even goes as far as to fantasize about his own death and funeral. "I thought I'd probably get pneumonia and die. I started picturing millions of jerks coming to my funeral and all...I felt sorry as hell for my mother and father...I kept picturing her not knowing what to do with all my suits and athletic equipment and all... Then I thought about them sticking me in a goddam cemetery and all, with my name on this tombstone and all. Surrounded by dead guys. Boy, when you're dead, they really fix you up.

    • Word count: 1940
  17. The Catcher in the Rye - Symbolism of ducks.

    Although he actually knows the ducks are gone, he wants to visit them. But the lake is already frozen over, as his life seems to, and they are gone. He is too late. But nevertheless he hoped to find them on the lagoon, as he hopes to find himself. The ducks also show the thinking about independence vs. independence. Holden thinks about the fact that the ducks might be taken away by "some guy who comes in a truck" (p.11) to collect them. The other opportunity he sees is that they fly away on their own.

    • Word count: 1065
  18. Holden Caulfield, in J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye, struggled to withstand the "phony" characters and personalities of the people in the New York society where which he lived.

    One of Holden's hypocritical actions was to lie just for the fun of it. One example of this was when Holden was on his way to New York from Pencey Prep, the prep school which he attended. He found the mother of Ernest Morrow, a colleague of his from Pencey, on the train, and apparently, Holden was not too fond of this kid. He told her his name was Rudolph Schmidt, because he felt that by giving her his real name, he would be telling her his "whole family story." He created the most scandalous lie about Ernest, saying that he was one of the most sensitive kids in school, and that he willingly

    • Word count: 1421
  19. Does the character of Allie significantly change Holden? In The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger introduces Holden Caulfield, an innocent spirit surrounded by the ugly and harsh realities of the world around him.

    Three years later, he now stands on the edge of his cherished childhood, his innocence, peering down into the darkness of adulthood. He scorns the abysss phoniness and cynicism and instead clings to the purity of his childlike innocence. "If a body catch a body, coming through the rye," sings a little boy skipping on the street. Upon hearing this Holden is immediately comforted and notices that some of his depression is lifted. To Holden, the song conjures images of children playing happily in a huge field of rye near a crazy cliff.

    • Word count: 1027
  20. In J.D. Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye

    The hat reveals the main conflict in the book: Holden's need for seclusion opposed to his need for companionship. The hat is peculiar and shows Holden's desire to be different than everyone else. His refusal to apply himself and constant rebellion toward authority also show this. He failed out of four schools because he did not want control over him. He does what he wants throughout the Archer 2 book, with no thought of anyone else. Holden often tries to connect with other people throughout the book but never seems to be able too. For example, he calls the prostitute Sunny to have sex, then upon her arrival, is not able to have sex with her and sends her away.

    • Word count: 1641
  21. Characteristics of Young-Adult Books and Its Relations to Catcher in the Rye

    I'm the only really dumb one." Most teenagers, who also have a lack of self-confidence, can place themselves in Holden's shoes. Also, the other minor characters in the book have the traits that characters in a young-adult book possess. Similar to other young-adult book characters, Holden's parents are undeveloped and are essentially out of the picture. In addition, other adults serve as the mentor for Holden, such as Mr.

    • Word count: 542
  22. Holden’s quest in “the catcher in the rye” is a search for his identity.

    However it may be seen as a cry for companionship. He may have just wanted someone to talk to because he is 'lonesome'. I think there are three things that Holden is searching for. He is looking for his identity as an individual, his identity in relation to his brothers and finally his identity as an American. His identity as an individual becomes clearer as the book progresses. Salinger seems to show Holden as a continually developing character and his individualism is more apparent in the later chapters.

    • Word count: 1726
  23. The Catcher in the Rye.

    I felt so depressed, you can't imagine. What I did, I started talking, sort of out loud, to Allie. I do that sometimes when I get very depressed," (98). Later still, as he's walking and before he decides to run away to pretend to be a deaf-mute, he began to feel as if he was going to disappear when he crossed the street and he says, "Every time I'd get to the end of a block I'd make believe I was talking to my brother Allie. I'd say to him, 'Allie, don't let me disappear. Allie, don't let me disappear.

    • Word count: 1448
  24. The Catcher in the Rye

    (Salinger 37) Expert analysis claims: "Ashamed of his need- a sixteen year old crying out for emotional support- and unable to accept kindness since in his guilt he feels he doesn't deserve it, Holden is locked into his grief and locked out of family and society."(Miller 132-133) Even after Holden has resolved many of his issues, he still has not dealt directly with the death of his brother, even by the end of the novel (Bloom 14). One of the most telling pieces of evidence comes when Holden is asked by his roommate Stradlater to write a composition for him about something described in detail.

    • Word count: 2148
  25. Review of The Catcher In The Rye

    He has a little sister who he misses so much that he goes home late at night without his parents finding out and he meets his sister secretly. Later he decides to leave home and he arranges to meet his sister for the last time but something surprising happens The main character is a 17-year-old boy ho feels let down y the world and he cannot ignore the faults that so many other people can.

    • Word count: 448

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