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AS and A Level: J.D. Salinger
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patently obvious to the reader that this violent reaction was due to anger and pain caused by the death of his brother Allie. Salinger uses the symbol of Holden's hand that 'still hurts me once in a while' (39) to show us that the death of Allie still causes Holden great emotional pain. He also uses the hand to show that The death of Allie has weakened Holden 'I can't make a real fist anymore - not a tight one' and led him to mentally 'come undone'.
- Word count: 1095
Discuss the view that in "Behind the Scenes at the Museum" and "Catcher in the Rye" Holden and Ruby can be regarded as unreliable narrators4 star(s)
This technique draws the reader's attention to the artificiality of this fictional work. This is unlike "Catcher in the Rye" that in some ways could be regarded as non-fictional, as Salinger does not emphasize the fact that it is fiction. However, it could be argued that the style of "Catcher in the Rye" and the context make it obviously fiction, for example, the detailed regurgitated conversations which would be not a characteristic of non-fictional work. However, considering Holden's situation and the circumstances it is possible to see him as an unreliable narrator.
- Word count: 2537
Critical Essay: 'The Catcher In the Rye' "Choose a novel which deals with the theme of isolation. By referring to the novel closely, examine the techniques the writer uses to portray this theme."3 star(s)
An example of this is shown after his fight with Stradlater when he admits to himself that he was "feeling so lonesome and rotten, I even felt like waking Ackley up". This quotation clearly illustrates the extent of Holden's loneliness at Pencey and is a strong indication of how he is an outsider. This is because, through Holden's narration, the reader has learnt that Ackley is one of Pencey's social rejects and is someone who people rarely talk to, let alone confide in.
- Word count: 1249
'Holden's quest is an impossible one; it is a quest for the preservation of innocence in a world of phoniness and cruelty'. By close examination of appropriate episodes in the novel, discuss how far you would agree with this statement.4 star(s)
From Holden's point of view, this materialistic society is closely related to the corrupt, superficial world of adulthood. His scorn for it is particularly evident in a conversation he has with Sally Hayes. He remarks that most people are "crazy about cars" and want a newer one almost as soon as the latest model has been bought. He seems convinced that once adulthood is attained with all its rituals and responsibilities such as "working in some office, making a lot of dough" any escape from this shallow society will be impossible.
- Word count: 4307
The protagonist Holden Caulfield shows a lot of bravery during the course of the novel. I disagree with the quote, but I do agree that there are many references that are similar between J.F. Clarke's quote and J. D. Salinger's novel.3 star(s)
In the novel Catcher in the Rye, Holden is very brave by leaving his school and spending time by himself in one of the busiest cities in the world in New York City. I have mix feelings about whether or not Holden obeys his conscience. He is a typical bad boy, he smokes, tries to buy a hooker in his hotel room that he was staying at alone, and is put into a psychiatric hospital. I feel that somebody who obeys their conscience would not be this type of a kid who is basically known as a rebel.
- Word count: 582