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AS and A Level: James Joyce
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Alcohol plays a key part in his depression and is the highlight of his day, it is the reason for him to pawn his watch and spend his remains on alcohol. Similar to his repetitious life in the office, drinking with his friends is a part of his daily routine as well. Every evening Farrington and his friends take turns buying rounds for each other, spending and consuming, again and again. Weathers is a character that plays a significant role in Farrington's realization about how his routines and traditions do not benefit him, but instead harm him.
- Word count: 865
Mrs. Mooney marries a drunken husband who "fights with her in the presence of customers" (pg.53) and ruins the business "by buying bad meat." (pg.53) In face of such tormenting marriage, she is motivated by the instincts for survival to earn a living by the boarding house to support herself and her children. Her ultimate goal is to avert her daughter, Polly, ending up an old maid like her but to "get her daughter off her hands" (pg.56) and confirm that her daughter is provided with financial security. It is the concept of materialism existed in Dublin which further heightens class distinction.
- Word count: 830
What is Joyce's perception of childhood in Dublin in the late 19th/early 20th Century and how are his attitudes conveyed?
In 'The Sisters' the boy discovers the reality of death when a close adult friend of his dies. At the beginning of the story he is intrigued by the world paralysis, 'It filled me with fear, and yet I longed to be nearer it and to look upon its deadly work.' This boy had not come across the idea of confinement to one particular place or room like the dying priest was on his deathbed and the idea was a strange one for him. He wanted to understand it and when the priest dies the child grows to understand the idea a bit better.
- Word count: 961
Although only 26, Michael Obi has a very high opinion of himself, and a somewhat over-inflated ego. He sees himself to be above others and superior to them because he is educated: 'He was outspoken in his condemnation of the narrow views of these older and often less-educated ones.' With his young wife Nancy supporting his radical ideas and views of a modern school, not just in teaching method but also in appearance, Obi tries to bring the 'backwards' school up to date by teaching the children to 'laugh' at the beliefs of their forefathers. When Obi discovers an ancient path that goes through the compound of the school, he is amazed that the other teachers have allowed the villagers to use it, as it goes right through the new hedges and Marigold beds.
- Word count: 698
Kearney got married "out of spite", and there isn't much romance in the relationship between her and her husband, although this doesn't suggest that she has completely given up her romantic ideas. We also see the portrayal of husbands and wives, or family life in general, in a negative way. The third theme is class distinction. This is to do with how Mrs. Kearney keeps on bragging to her friends that her husband is taking her and her daughter to Skerries and they spend their money on Kathleen's education and music lessons, to help prepare her for the concerts.
- Word count: 758
Most importantly, Stephen must work out his own problems and finds the courage to do so. In effect, he is hailed as a hero by his peers. When he wins social acceptance by his schoolmates at Clongowes, he does so by acting in isolation, "They made a cradle of their locked hands and hoisted him up among them and carried him along till he struggled to get free." When he reports Father Dolan to the rector, he defends his name, the symbol of his identity, "It was wrong; it was unfair and cruel: and, as he sat in the refectory,
- Word count: 844
We got to the airport about 1:30pm and our flight left Dublin at 2:30pm to go to Paris. We landed in Paris at 5:30pm, ( but 4:30pm your time as France is a hour ahead of us ). We had to get on another bus to take us to a lake in Paris. Here we got on a boat and cruised up and down the seine looking at all the famous places, pictures and buildings. I thought the boat tip was very boring and it was cold and wet and I was tired. At last we got to the hotel and it was about 11:30pm.
- Word count: 728
The opening is very pessimistic and negative on the boy's behalf. We think that the boy may be pre-teen, and if so, these thoughts and questions are very analytical and cerebral. The boy is a close friend of the priest; he sees him very often and gets most of his education from him. During their time together the priest often said to him, "I am not long for this world". The boy had "thought his words idle", but now he knew they were true.
- Word count: 583
'The sisters' and 'An encounter' - Considering in detail one o two passages, discuss Joyce's treatment of the church in Dubliners.
suggest a fault with the transmission and reception of faith, rather than faith itself: the concept of the chalice can be interpreted differently, but my reading suggests that it symbolises a container (the Church itself) which holds a body of spirituality (faith and hope in a higher being rather than a set of rules. The container is guarded by the mentally incoherent priest who should be the medium through which this faith is transmitted yet Eliza comments, "It was that chalice he broke ..."
- Word count: 830
But both of these openings are effective in setting the scene for the story. Eveline lives at home with her father as "her brothers and sisters were all grown up, her mother was dead." This last fact obviously had a huge effect on Eveline and her father, possibly making her father become violent, "she sometimes felt herself in danger of her father's violence". And now Eveline wants "to go away like the others, to leave her home." Molly's problems or intentions about what she wants to do are not known about until near to the end.
- Word count: 945
His paralysis now will be complete, what is symbolised by the "snow", which falls "all over Ireland". In "the Clay", another James Joyce story, Maria (the main character) also discovers their destiny and what that predestined condition entitles. It also involves paralysis and the impossibility of breaking that cycle. This time though it is symbolised by the clay she founds in the saucer that was supposed to tell her what destiny awaited her, and, after a second try, a prayer book. I believe that the clay means that she has nothing to expect from the future, nor travel nor marriage.
- Word count: 915
Rose's character is also ironic at times. We have a picture of a very na�ve, inexperienced girl. It is therefore ironic when she tells Pinkie that she has known he was a murderer all along. Another irony is found in Pinkie's relationship with Rose. At first it seems strange that two characters that are fundamentally different to one another are drawn to one another. One is the evil leader of a gang, while the other is a young innocent girl with little experience of the world. But ironically we find out throughout the novel that they are in fact very similar.
- Word count: 774
I decided to start off with a line, which explained the background so the story would be easier to understand, as I used a different culture. If I had gone straight into a story, the story may have been hard to understand. I included a little introduction to the character and the backgrounds, so the reader would notice what culture I was trying to show and how I was trying to relate it to The Dubliners. I think the introduction to the character and the culture, is a very important thing in my story.
- Word count: 909
He devised two pairs of wings, and father and son immediately took flight from Crete. Daedalus warned his impetuous son not to fly too high lest the heat of the sun melt the glue and his wings fall off. But Icarus, filled with a sense of power in his flight, disregarded his father's commands and soon his wings, heated by the sun, fell off, and he plunged into the sea, the waters closing over him. Daedalus means "the artful craftsman." He symbolizes man's inventiveness and is credited with other inventions, such as the ax and the saw, in addition to human flight.
- Word count: 696
'An Encounter' is the story of two boys who make an attempt to play truant from school. They are influenced by tales of adventure of the Wild West, 'The adventures related in the literature of the Wild West were remote from my nature but, at least, they opened doors of escape.' and so try to create their own adventure. There escape is well planned and so they have very high expectations of what their day will be like. Their planned trip is also against their parents wishes and so there is an element of risk evolved, which would make the trip much more exciting and adventurous.
- Word count: 879
Dubliners - ‘Nothing is unnecessary, and nothing is spelled out; we are expected to supply the missing pieces ourselves.’
'I wouldn't like children of mine to have too much to say to a man like that'. Here Old Cotter a friend of the boy's uncle gives his opinion of the priest. In this it has overtones of a warning as if the priest is a paedophile. Here the reader is expected to 'supply the missing pieces.' In the short story not everything is instantly apparent. They require the reader to interpret for themselves what is going on. In the first story a priest dies instead of focusing on the detail of how he died Joyce only talks of the priests 'third stroke.'
- Word count: 707
But clearer still is the book's underlying theme of paralysis. This theme is given in several forms, physical, emotional, sexual and social to name but a few. It is this 'base' theme that I shall be exploring in my essay. "There was no hope for him this time, it was his third stroke." This is the opening sentence of 'the sisters,' and gives the idea of a priest being physically paralysed after a stroke. This gives a sense of despair, no hope for a man who has been decapitated by paralysis.
- Word count: 811