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AS and A Level: James Joyce

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  1. Epiphanies in the maturity section of Dubliners

    Moreover, he realizes really how much he should change his life or how he should have changed his life. He doesn't really know if it's to late or not, he can't really backtrack anymore because of his failed marriage with a woman who has no sympathy for him or his artistic humor. The title is very well chosen for this story. Indeed, Chandler would be as on a little cloud when he is writing but this tyrannical wife of his is the rainfall which bursts his precarious situation. As a conclusion, Little Chandler uses his country to dream of success, but at the same time blames it for limiting that success but eventually realizes it is to late to change his life around and veer into the artistic lane.

    • Word count: 1224
  2. Analyse the main themes and narrative devices introduced in The Sister

    The former would have especially have been a disgrace as this would essentially mean that Flynn had spilt the blood of Christ and therefore wasted it. This is also symbolic because just as the priest spills Jesus' blood in vain, so Christians would believe that Jesus spilt his blood for Flynn in vain as he did not accept the offer of forgiveness and reconciliation. This spillage may have been why he was not allowed to receive Blessed Unction as the priests deemed it too higher sin to be pardoned.

    • Word count: 1728
  3. Free essay

    A Safe Choice-But Her Only Choice - James Joyce's short story "Eveline"

    If she left with Frank, her lover, then there could be the possibility of danger. "She felt him seize her hand" (Joyce 7). Joyce's choice of diction "seize" tells the audience that Eveline's guard is up because she knows how a man can be abusive. She saw this with her mother and father and wants to have a life different from her mother but cannot. Furthermore, psychologically, Eveline cannot move towards Frank because she was exposed to a life of domestic violence, which her mother and older brothers endured.

    • Word count: 1231
  4. Dubliners is essentially a collection of tales depicting trapped characters, thwarted ambitions and wasted opportunities.

    James then took up residence in Paris, where he began to write. In 1905, Joyce produced his first book, "Dubliners", but it was not published until 1913. During this time, he met an Irish woman called Nora Barnacle. They did not marry, but had two children. All in all Joyce wrote a total of four books, "A portrait of an Artist as a Young Man", "Ulysses", "Finnegan's Wake" and of course "Dubliners". James Joyce died from a stomach ulcer aged 58 in 1941. After Joyce's death, people became interested in his work.

    • Word count: 1784
  5. James Joyce wrote "The Dubliners", a collection of short stories. One in particular called "Eveline" influenced the narrative seen in "Far From Home"

    When Joyce's main character is an adult he writes in the third person narrative. "Eveline", "Counterparts" and a "Little cloud" are written in third person narrative and to identify the narrative, pronouns such as "He/She" "His/Her" and "It" are used. "Far From Home" employs the third person narrative because Penny, like Eveline, is seen as an adult. This method in "Far From Home" shows that Joyce's techniques are incorporated into the story. Local dialect and street names, as seen in "Araby" and "The two Gallants", are also seen in "Far From Home". In "The Two Gallants" street names are used regularly to convey a documentary style attachment to reality "They walked along Nassau Street and then turned into Kildare Street."

    • Word count: 1916
  6. Discuss the portrayal of desire and disappointment by James Joyce in the Dubliners.

    He uses lots of description in "blindness" and "isolation", creating an atmosphere of death, decay and silence. Contrasting with the title of the story "Araby", this conjures up the vision of eastern promise. The books in the second paragraph have a great significance for the boy. The books provide an escape for the boy. "The Abbott" is a historical romance, which could relate and reflect his own feelings for the girl across the street. Also the fact that the priest died in the back room. Indicating that Joyce maybe felt that religion was dead or dying. He found that in Ireland, religion was suffocating by describing the air in the room as "musty."

    • Word count: 1028
  7. What impression of Dublin and its people does James Joyce give in him story 'Araby'

    For example in the short story "Clay" Maria has the chance to make a new life and leave Dublin but turns it down because she is too scared. This also occurs in "A Painful Case" and "Eveline", as they don't have to courage to leave Dublin. In the short story "The Boarding House", Bob Doran wishes to leave Dublin but can't because he is trapped inside marriage. Most of the short stories, unlike "Araby", go in circles, for instance, "Two Gallants" when Lenehan just wanders around Dublin.

    • Word count: 1788
  8. Like the two previous stories, "The Sisters" and "An Encounter," "Araby" is about a somewhat introverted boy fumbling toward adulthood with little in the way of guidance from family or community. The truants in "An Encounter" managed

    The truants in "An Encounter" managed to play hooky from school without any major consequences; no one prevented them from journeying across town on a weekday or even asked the boys where they were going. Similarly, the young protagonist of this story leaves his house after nine o'clock at night, when "people are in bed and after their first sleep," and travels through the city in darkness with the assent of his guardians. Like the main character in "The Sisters," this boy lives not with his parents but with an aunt and uncle, the latter of whom is certainly good-natured but seems to have a drinking problem.

    • Word count: 1199
  9. JOYCE: Dubliners

    Joyce does this through language; he points to details and suggestions, but never completes the puzzle. I believe Father Flynn plays a central role in the story, the physical presence of father Flynn lingers throughout the story, coloring the narrators experience of dealing with death in life and showing how a death interrupts normal human activities. The significance of the story revolves around paralysis, the link between paralysis to both death and religion. Characters face events that paralyze them from taking action or fulfilling their desires.

    • Word count: 1401
  10. Dubliners, The Sisters

    However the emphasis is not so much on the plot but on moments in time, that have impact and significance, and the thoughts and feelings of the central character and little observations of human behaviour. One of the reoccurring themes in this story is the way the dead affect the living. For example, in 'The Sisters' what the dead person may have said or thought or done continues to effect the central character long after the person has gone. 'The Sisters' is about a young boy who has an experience in death of a close friend; the priest.

    • Word count: 1069
  11. What impression of Dublin and its people does James Joyce give in his story 'Araby'

    All of Dublin's streets are made to sound dirty and derelict. The empty house was neglected and not cared for, there is a damp atmosphere inside of the house and there is rubbish all over the house. James Joyce only makes negative comments about Dublin and implies that the city have no culture or love of literature, we see this because it the empty house there are three books found. The first one is a religious novel, 'The Abbot', the second book; 'The Devout Communicant' is on how to receive Holy Communion well and the third book, 'The Memoirs of Vidocq' is about the life story of a thief.

    • Word count: 1343
  12. Discuss the portrayal of desire and disappointment by James Joyce in the Dubliners

    The title, "Araby," also suggests escape. To the nineteenth-century European mind, the lands of North Africa and the Middle East symbolized "decadence, exotic delights, escapism, and a luxurious sensuality". The boy's erotic desires for the girl become joined to his fantasies about the wonders that will be offered in the oriental bazaar. He dreams of buying her a suitably romantic gift. The third story of the collection, it is the last story with a first-person narrator. It continues with the structure: we have had young boys for our central characters in both "The Sisters" and "An Encounter," and here we have a boy in the midst of his first passion.

    • Word count: 1324
  13. Compare the use of similar themes and language devices in both 'Araby' and 'Eveline' by James Joyce.

    On top of this, the story is written as though it were an event, which happened many years ago. It could have been a significant event in his life as it is very much portrayed in this way. In 'Eveline,' the narration is third person. Although the feelings are not expressed deeply, you can still get a sense of the emotions she was feeling. These emotions are expressed greatly through rhetorical questions. Themes are an important issue in both stories.

    • Word count: 1636
  14. From your reading of the two stories in the 'Childhood' section of Dubliners how is the encounter between different generations portrayed and what do you think is its role?

    The allusion to the red nose suggests that Old Cotter may have an alcohol problem. Joyce relates him therefore as an unsavoury character in the eyes of the narrator, who is a child. The word tiresome suggests that he is hard to put up with. A certain role reversal is being demonstrated as the child seems to be patronising Cotter in his head. He is the only character in the story that the narrator has disrespectful thoughts about. However the narrator never takes the steps to voice his discontent.

    • Word count: 1094
  15. From your reading of the two stories in the 'Childhood' section of Dubliners how is the encounter between different generations portrayed and what do you think is its role?

    In 'Sisters,' the child feels bored by Old Cotter due to 'his endless talk about the distillery.' The presence of Old Cotter and also that of the strange man in 'An Encounter' are seen as equally undesirable by the narrator, and both are referred to in derogatory terms: Old Cotter as a 'tiresome old fool,' and the nameless man by Mahony as a 'queer old josser'. The children feel that they have no need for these men in their lives and it is significant that the word 'josser' is slang meaning priest, exemplifying the disregard the boys feel towards a religion that has been imposed upon them.

    • Word count: 1139
  16. Read the passage from The Dead - Examine it as an ending to the collection. Look at themes, setting and narrative style.

    In accordance with the rest of the collection this passage is open to different interpretations. It can be seen as a turning point, an ending to the apparently interminable confinement essentially witnessed in every main character: in Eveline, Farrington and many others. Another point of view sees this ending as a confirmation of the failure of all Dubliners, emphatic of the futility of their lives. The setting of 'The Dead' supports both these opinions, notably through the numerous references to the snow: 'the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling...upon all the living and the dead.'

    • Word count: 1268
  17. In what ways is ‘A LittleCloud’ typical of Joyce’s ‘maturity’ stories?

    There are recurring references to the colour brown (not just in the maturity stories) and Maria in 'Clay' wears a brown raincoat, thus inadvertently resigning herself to the drab and motionless life of Dublin. Joyce contrasts two worlds in the story; the domestic, insular and paralysed Dublin with the fast-moving, energetic, cosmopolitan London and Europe. Little Chandler desires to belong to the wider, modern world and begins to despise his life with his family in Dublin. By juxtaposing Little Chandler with the successful, exuberant Gallaher, Joyce sets up an antithesis between the two worlds which they represent.

    • Word count: 1521
  18. "These stories are all about escape and how characters are unable to escape." In the light of this quotation, I am going to discuss Dubliners, with close detailed reference to two of the stories, "Eveline" and "The Boarding House."

    Poor Eveline, however, finds that she is unable to move forward. She lacks the courage and strength to make that leap that will free her of her oppressive situation. . She's sees her lover as a possible source of danger: "All the seas of the world tumbled about her heart. He was drawing her into them: he would drown her." Instead of an uncertain but hopeful future, her paralysis will make a certain and dismal future that may well repeat her mother's sad life story.

    • Word count: 1246
  19. The story

    Her internal struggle will not allow Eveline to leave the setting that she is currently in. As the story gets into the second paragraph, she begins to think about her past. In some ways reviewing what has happened in her life so far. She reminisce when she was young and used to have so much fun without care in the world and how time her has flayed by as she now has so much responsibility taking care of the house, looking after the kids and her dad.

    • Word count: 1036
  20. James Joyce's Alter Ego - In James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Stephen Dedalus, a young man growing up, has many of the same traits of the young James Joyce.

    Joyce brings himself out in Stephen. Instead of letting the reader know all about himself through an original autobiography, he simply lets Stephen be his alter ego and tells his life through Stephen. He lets all his thoughts and ideas go through Stephen. It was a troubling time for Joyce when he first tried to write his life story. "Joyce first attempted to draw his self portrait on January 7, 1904, four months after the death of his mother. On that day, commissioned by the editors of a new Dublin magazine called Dana, he wrote...

    • Word count: 1234
  21. Dubliners: 'The stories are variations on the theme of rebellion from the Dublin environment and entrapment within it.' Discuss how these themes (rebellion/entrapment) are explored in at least THREE of the stories in the collection.

    The story is in the adolescent phase of the novel though Corley and Lenehan are in their thirties; Joyce describes Lenehan's hair as "scant and grey" showing him to be prematurely aged, exacerbating the contrast between their maturity and their age. This arrested development is an important element in their entrapment, as they are stuck at a level of maturity short of their age, their development paralysed. Moreover, their amoral behaviour is like an unconscious rebellion against the dismal nature of their existence.

    • Word count: 1016
  22. Dubliners: Choose one story from the collection and discuss how Joyce depicts relationships between people of different generations.

    He is ungrateful for the hard work she does and ridicules her. Like Dublin, her father is stifling and oppressive and while she is with him she can never be happy or prosper. Also her work colleagues treat her unfairly, another example of the mistreatment of the young by their elders. On wondering what they will think to her moving away, she says they would "say she was a fool, perhaps; and her place would be filled up by advertisement.

    • Word count: 1016
  23. Analysis: extract from "the Dead"

    I find really interesting to note how Joyce can include all of this in only one short line. The second line, which is also rather short, it is used to introduce another element that will be essential for the ending, and that is Gabriel's self-consciousness, implied in the word "cautiously". The author is quickly introducing all of the elements that will be necessary to make the ending verisimilar. Suddenly, without any warning, the theme of death is introduced. That third, short sentence surprises and catches attention, and creates a mood of expectation as the reader needs to know who is he including in the statement "one by one they were all becoming shades".

    • Word count: 1145
  24. The Flood Tribunal

    After a lengthy grilling by party colleagues, Liam Lawlor ended up leaving the party. (Fine Gael also launched a set of internal inquiries into the payments.) Mr Lawlor denying any wrongdoing, however, and he promised that he would reveal all and clear his name at the Flood Tribunal. But he was not forthcoming, according to the Tribunal, and he made several trips to both the High Court and the Supreme Court to set the boundaries for Flood Tribunal's inquiry into his affairs. Liam Lawlor finally showed up in Dublin Castle on foot of a summons in November.

    • Word count: 1768
  25. Joyce's attitude to Dublin in Dubliners

    Even though Joyce was obviously discontent with Ireland and his hometown of Dublin, all of his work seems to reminisce the setting of his early days. Dubliners is a series of short stories that are broken into four groups, childhood, young adulthood, mature life, public life (Moss and Wilson 110), and "The Dead" marks the end of his book. James Joyce's love for writing, the political stagnation at the time, and his religious issues will explain his attitude towards Dublin and his reasons for leaving; additionally, Joyce utilizes the short story "Eveline" to express his point of view.

    • Word count: 1696

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Joyce's treatment of women in Dubliners, Portrait and selected chapters of Ulysses.

    "to Mary Colum, stating that he hated intellectual women. Nora expressed to Samuel Beckett her exasperation with those who praised Joyce's' deep understanding of a woman's viewpoint, 'That man knows nothing about women' (quoted in Maddox P.278). Joyce talked of the "Penelope" episode as an addition, saying that the book proper ended with "Ithaca". He also, however, told Frank Budgen that Molly was the axis upon which the whole book revolved. Hence it is inappropriate in my opinion to take Joyce at face value and without a deep understanding of his intention in the novels. Joyce Essay Imran Hussain"

  • Compare and contrast Joyce's 'Araby' and 'Eveline'. Comment on the writer's effectiveness.

    "In conclusion, the writer effectively picks up on the themes, characters and language and put them effectively into the stories and makes the language work well with the story. However, in contrast with this, both stories, 'Araby' and 'Eveline' are quite similar, but yet with differences making them seem quite based on the same kinds of things; poverty, money, love and paralysis. Both "Araby" and "Eveline" have modern relevance as people now days can relate both stories, one being love not returned and the other being two types of love, were one is stronger. This is how it shows modern relevance to me. The writer, however effective he is, still leaves us thinking 'are the stories similar of different?' and this is a gift that not many writers have or could, so yes, the writer is very effective in both stories, and I guess that this leaves us in a state of paralysis also. Miriam Kerbache words 2,111"

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