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AS and A Level: James Joyce

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  1. Dubliners, death and paralysis

    The lack of political leadership is made apparent in the dubliners by the atmosphere of paralysis which pervades the stories. Ireland was, in the time that the Dubliners was wrote was governed by England. The British controlled Ireland very strongly and you can see the reference for this in the Two Gallants that Ireland was being prostituted by her English conquerors is an interpretation of the image of the harp being plucked heedlessy for strangers by her master's hands near the Kildare Street club.

    • Word count: 2000
  2. Looking at the denouement of The Dead, discuss the emotional variety of Gabriel.

    His excited state of ardour when juxtaposed against his mood later on serves to emphasise it in its contrast. Gabriel also feels a sense of escapism which is part of what contributed to his euphoric state, "He felt that they had escaped from their lives and duties, escaped from home and friends and run away together" This sense of escapism is a continuation of what he discussed in his speech at the party and is a theme which Joyce likes to explore. However, does this escapism imply that they are trapped in their everyday "lives and duties"? When they enter the hotel room the porter offers them a candle because the electricity is not working, however, Gabriel replies "We don't want any light.

    • Word count: 2142
  3. Depiction of childhood in 'Dubliners'

    The underlying sense of innocence which is woven throughout the stories depicting childhood is deliberately employed by Joyce in order to illuminate the stark contrast which the road of adulthood, which is laced with realisation and a distinct loss of hope, holds for the characters we meet in the stories. For example, in 'The Sisters' we are introduced to a young, nameless narrator who at first is deeply involved with the death of Father Flynn. His natural if morbid curiosity, concerning the death is apparent when whispers 'the word paralysis' describing it as a 'sinful being'.

    • Word count: 2939
  4. Sex is a natural preoccupation.

    Essentially, the character's inspiration and transformation comes from his fantasies of women (sexual and romantic) and his refusal to be too enchanted by such fantasies. To understand Stephen's apprehensions about his sexuality, one must first have a fundamental understanding of the way Catholic ideology defines sexuality and the context by which sexual acts can be accepted. Catholicism has long encouraged careful and at times rigid expectations of its parishioners when it comes to sex. Catholic doctrine accepts sex for procreation within a heterosexual marriage. Religious leaders are asked to commit themselves to a life of celibacy.

    • Word count: 2356
  5. The Boarding House, written by James Joyce, takes place in a small neighborhood located in Dublin.

    Polly, Mrs. Mooney's nineteen years old daughter has "eyes which are grey with a shade of green through them". Letting a nineteen years old girl have "the run of the young men" clearly suggests that Mrs. Mooney is waiting for the perfect gentlemen to come along to marry Polly. Meaning, a man who is easily influenced into marrying her daughter, that of a person of a secure background, one who has a stable income and a bit of savings. Her opportunity came "when she noticed that something was going on between Polly and one of the young men", Mr.

    • Word count: 2278
  6. Joyce Intended Dubliners to betray the soul of that paralysis which many consider a city and aims to do this through his nicely polished looking glass. How is this portrayal of Ireland achieved in the texts you have studied?

    Maybe a bit like the people of my own generation in Ireland today? - Brian Friel [3]. It seems apparent that both Joyce and Friel aim to explore aspects of Ireland that are dear to them, however it seems that where Joyce ?intended to betray the soul of that paralysis?, Friel?s incentive was much rather due to ?our need for a past, for memories, and our need to constantly revisit and re-invent those memories" [4]. Joyce?s vivid naturalism ("driven and derided by vanity?)

    • Word count: 2766

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Joyce's treatment of women in Dubliners, Portrait and selected chapters of Ulysses.

    "to Mary Colum, stating that he hated intellectual women. Nora expressed to Samuel Beckett her exasperation with those who praised Joyce's' deep understanding of a woman's viewpoint, 'That man knows nothing about women' (quoted in Maddox P.278). Joyce talked of the "Penelope" episode as an addition, saying that the book proper ended with "Ithaca". He also, however, told Frank Budgen that Molly was the axis upon which the whole book revolved. Hence it is inappropriate in my opinion to take Joyce at face value and without a deep understanding of his intention in the novels. Joyce Essay Imran Hussain"

  • Compare and contrast Joyce's 'Araby' and 'Eveline'. Comment on the writer's effectiveness.

    "In conclusion, the writer effectively picks up on the themes, characters and language and put them effectively into the stories and makes the language work well with the story. However, in contrast with this, both stories, 'Araby' and 'Eveline' are quite similar, but yet with differences making them seem quite based on the same kinds of things; poverty, money, love and paralysis. Both "Araby" and "Eveline" have modern relevance as people now days can relate both stories, one being love not returned and the other being two types of love, were one is stronger. This is how it shows modern relevance to me. The writer, however effective he is, still leaves us thinking 'are the stories similar of different?' and this is a gift that not many writers have or could, so yes, the writer is very effective in both stories, and I guess that this leaves us in a state of paralysis also. Miriam Kerbache words 2,111"

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