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AS and A Level: James Joyce

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  1. James's Joyce's 'A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man'.

    Most importantly, Stephen must work out his own problems and finds the courage to do so. In effect, he is hailed as a hero by his peers. When he wins social acceptance by his schoolmates at Clongowes, he does so by acting in isolation, "They made a cradle of their locked hands and hoisted him up among them and carried him along till he struggled to get free." When he reports Father Dolan to the rector, he defends his name, the symbol of his identity, "It was wrong; it was unfair and cruel: and, as he sat in the refectory,

    • Word count: 844
  2. A Holiday To France.

    We got to the airport about 1:30pm and our flight left Dublin at 2:30pm to go to Paris. We landed in Paris at 5:30pm, ( but 4:30pm your time as France is a hour ahead of us ). We had to get on another bus to take us to a lake in Paris. Here we got on a boat and cruised up and down the seine looking at all the famous places, pictures and buildings. I thought the boat tip was very boring and it was cold and wet and I was tired. At last we got to the hotel and it was about 11:30pm.

    • Word count: 728
  3. James Joyce: An Exhaustion at the

    Seven creases. Three under the eye of right. Four under the eye of left. Weighing the eyes down towards the nose in that exotic oriental downcast of the eyes. Those almond eyes. Oh, how much I would give to peel those almonds, skin them alive, crack them in half, and enjoy. Oh how much would I. As much as a conception of a two-month venture to be in of six inches from her face. The New York State Fair. Soft, bubbly, curvy. Tall, foaming, jolly. And yet I scoffed at the brandishing of sluts.

    • Word count: 4732
  4. Sex is a natural preoccupation.

    Essentially, the character's inspiration and transformation comes from his fantasies of women (sexual and romantic) and his refusal to be too enchanted by such fantasies. To understand Stephen's apprehensions about his sexuality, one must first have a fundamental understanding of the way Catholic ideology defines sexuality and the context by which sexual acts can be accepted. Catholicism has long encouraged careful and at times rigid expectations of its parishioners when it comes to sex. Catholic doctrine accepts sex for procreation within a heterosexual marriage. Religious leaders are asked to commit themselves to a life of celibacy.

    • Word count: 2356
  5. From your reading of the two stories in the 'Childhood' section of Dubliners how is the encounter between different generations portrayed and what do you think is its role?

    The allusion to the red nose suggests that Old Cotter may have an alcohol problem. Joyce relates him therefore as an unsavoury character in the eyes of the narrator, who is a child. The word tiresome suggests that he is hard to put up with. A certain role reversal is being demonstrated as the child seems to be patronising Cotter in his head. He is the only character in the story that the narrator has disrespectful thoughts about. However the narrator never takes the steps to voice his discontent.

    • Word count: 1094
  6. From your reading of the two stories in the 'Childhood' section of Dubliners how is the encounter between different generations portrayed and what do you think is its role?

    In 'Sisters,' the child feels bored by Old Cotter due to 'his endless talk about the distillery.' The presence of Old Cotter and also that of the strange man in 'An Encounter' are seen as equally undesirable by the narrator, and both are referred to in derogatory terms: Old Cotter as a 'tiresome old fool,' and the nameless man by Mahony as a 'queer old josser'. The children feel that they have no need for these men in their lives and it is significant that the word 'josser' is slang meaning priest, exemplifying the disregard the boys feel towards a religion that has been imposed upon them.

    • Word count: 1139
  7. Read the passage from The Dead - Examine it as an ending to the collection. Look at themes, setting and narrative style.

    In accordance with the rest of the collection this passage is open to different interpretations. It can be seen as a turning point, an ending to the apparently interminable confinement essentially witnessed in every main character: in Eveline, Farrington and many others. Another point of view sees this ending as a confirmation of the failure of all Dubliners, emphatic of the futility of their lives. The setting of 'The Dead' supports both these opinions, notably through the numerous references to the snow: 'the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling...upon all the living and the dead.'

    • Word count: 1268
  8. The Boarding House, written by James Joyce, takes place in a small neighborhood located in Dublin.

    Polly, Mrs. Mooney's nineteen years old daughter has "eyes which are grey with a shade of green through them". Letting a nineteen years old girl have "the run of the young men" clearly suggests that Mrs. Mooney is waiting for the perfect gentlemen to come along to marry Polly. Meaning, a man who is easily influenced into marrying her daughter, that of a person of a secure background, one who has a stable income and a bit of savings. Her opportunity came "when she noticed that something was going on between Polly and one of the young men", Mr.

    • Word count: 2278
  9. In what ways is ‘A LittleCloud’ typical of Joyce’s ‘maturity’ stories?

    There are recurring references to the colour brown (not just in the maturity stories) and Maria in 'Clay' wears a brown raincoat, thus inadvertently resigning herself to the drab and motionless life of Dublin. Joyce contrasts two worlds in the story; the domestic, insular and paralysed Dublin with the fast-moving, energetic, cosmopolitan London and Europe. Little Chandler desires to belong to the wider, modern world and begins to despise his life with his family in Dublin. By juxtaposing Little Chandler with the successful, exuberant Gallaher, Joyce sets up an antithesis between the two worlds which they represent.

    • Word count: 1521
  10. Short Stories - The Sisters By James Joyce.

    The opening is very pessimistic and negative on the boy's behalf. We think that the boy may be pre-teen, and if so, these thoughts and questions are very analytical and cerebral. The boy is a close friend of the priest; he sees him very often and gets most of his education from him. During their time together the priest often said to him, "I am not long for this world". The boy had "thought his words idle", but now he knew they were true.

    • Word count: 583
  11. "These stories are all about escape and how characters are unable to escape." In the light of this quotation, I am going to discuss Dubliners, with close detailed reference to two of the stories, "Eveline" and "The Boarding House."

    Poor Eveline, however, finds that she is unable to move forward. She lacks the courage and strength to make that leap that will free her of her oppressive situation. . She's sees her lover as a possible source of danger: "All the seas of the world tumbled about her heart. He was drawing her into them: he would drown her." Instead of an uncertain but hopeful future, her paralysis will make a certain and dismal future that may well repeat her mother's sad life story.

    • Word count: 1246
  12. The story

    Her internal struggle will not allow Eveline to leave the setting that she is currently in. As the story gets into the second paragraph, she begins to think about her past. In some ways reviewing what has happened in her life so far. She reminisce when she was young and used to have so much fun without care in the world and how time her has flayed by as she now has so much responsibility taking care of the house, looking after the kids and her dad.

    • Word count: 1036
  13. 'The sisters' and 'An encounter' - Considering in detail one o two passages, discuss Joyce's treatment of the church in Dubliners.

    suggest a fault with the transmission and reception of faith, rather than faith itself: the concept of the chalice can be interpreted differently, but my reading suggests that it symbolises a container (the Church itself) which holds a body of spirituality (faith and hope in a higher being rather than a set of rules. The container is guarded by the mentally incoherent priest who should be the medium through which this faith is transmitted yet Eliza comments, "It was that chalice he broke ..."

    • Word count: 830
  14. James Joyce's Alter Ego - In James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Stephen Dedalus, a young man growing up, has many of the same traits of the young James Joyce.

    Joyce brings himself out in Stephen. Instead of letting the reader know all about himself through an original autobiography, he simply lets Stephen be his alter ego and tells his life through Stephen. He lets all his thoughts and ideas go through Stephen. It was a troubling time for Joyce when he first tried to write his life story. "Joyce first attempted to draw his self portrait on January 7, 1904, four months after the death of his mother. On that day, commissioned by the editors of a new Dublin magazine called Dana, he wrote...

    • Word count: 1234
  15. Compare and contrast the stories of "Eveline" By James Joyce and "Samphire" by Patrick O'Brian.

    But both of these openings are effective in setting the scene for the story. Eveline lives at home with her father as "her brothers and sisters were all grown up, her mother was dead." This last fact obviously had a huge effect on Eveline and her father, possibly making her father become violent, "she sometimes felt herself in danger of her father's violence". And now Eveline wants "to go away like the others, to leave her home." Molly's problems or intentions about what she wants to do are not known about until near to the end.

    • Word count: 945
  16. An analytical study of 'The Pit and The Pendulum', 'An Encounter' and 'The Pedestrian', focusing on the themes of paralysis, entrapment and isolation

    From the outset of the tale, Joyce ponders the notion of escape. Characters searching for such an escape, often describe how they would wish to travel afar to achieve it. So important, it seems, is this idea that the protagonist of the initial story of Dubliners, can be quoted of aspiring to exotic, foreign fantasy: 'I felt that I had been very far away, in some land where the customs were strange - in Persia, I thought.' This feeling is openly exhibited in 'An Encounter', as Joyce's first person narrator states; 'Real adventures, I reflected, do not happen to people who remain at home: they must be sought abroad.'

    • Word count: 3151
  17. Dubliners: 'The stories are variations on the theme of rebellion from the Dublin environment and entrapment within it.' Discuss how these themes (rebellion/entrapment) are explored in at least THREE of the stories in the collection.

    The story is in the adolescent phase of the novel though Corley and Lenehan are in their thirties; Joyce describes Lenehan's hair as "scant and grey" showing him to be prematurely aged, exacerbating the contrast between their maturity and their age. This arrested development is an important element in their entrapment, as they are stuck at a level of maturity short of their age, their development paralysed. Moreover, their amoral behaviour is like an unconscious rebellion against the dismal nature of their existence.

    • Word count: 1016
  18. Dubliners: Choose one story from the collection and discuss how Joyce depicts relationships between people of different generations.

    He is ungrateful for the hard work she does and ridicules her. Like Dublin, her father is stifling and oppressive and while she is with him she can never be happy or prosper. Also her work colleagues treat her unfairly, another example of the mistreatment of the young by their elders. On wondering what they will think to her moving away, she says they would "say she was a fool, perhaps; and her place would be filled up by advertisement.

    • Word count: 1016
  19. Theme of discovery in "the Murder", "The Dead" and "Clay"

    His paralysis now will be complete, what is symbolised by the "snow", which falls "all over Ireland". In "the Clay", another James Joyce story, Maria (the main character) also discovers their destiny and what that predestined condition entitles. It also involves paralysis and the impossibility of breaking that cycle. This time though it is symbolised by the clay she founds in the saucer that was supposed to tell her what destiny awaited her, and, after a second try, a prayer book. I believe that the clay means that she has nothing to expect from the future, nor travel nor marriage.

    • Word count: 915
  20. Analysis: extract from "the Dead"

    I find really interesting to note how Joyce can include all of this in only one short line. The second line, which is also rather short, it is used to introduce another element that will be essential for the ending, and that is Gabriel's self-consciousness, implied in the word "cautiously". The author is quickly introducing all of the elements that will be necessary to make the ending verisimilar. Suddenly, without any warning, the theme of death is introduced. That third, short sentence surprises and catches attention, and creates a mood of expectation as the reader needs to know who is he including in the statement "one by one they were all becoming shades".

    • Word count: 1145
  21. The Flood Tribunal

    After a lengthy grilling by party colleagues, Liam Lawlor ended up leaving the party. (Fine Gael also launched a set of internal inquiries into the payments.) Mr Lawlor denying any wrongdoing, however, and he promised that he would reveal all and clear his name at the Flood Tribunal. But he was not forthcoming, according to the Tribunal, and he made several trips to both the High Court and the Supreme Court to set the boundaries for Flood Tribunal's inquiry into his affairs. Liam Lawlor finally showed up in Dublin Castle on foot of a summons in November.

    • Word count: 1768
  22. Joyce's attitude to Dublin in Dubliners

    Even though Joyce was obviously discontent with Ireland and his hometown of Dublin, all of his work seems to reminisce the setting of his early days. Dubliners is a series of short stories that are broken into four groups, childhood, young adulthood, mature life, public life (Moss and Wilson 110), and "The Dead" marks the end of his book. James Joyce's love for writing, the political stagnation at the time, and his religious issues will explain his attitude towards Dublin and his reasons for leaving; additionally, Joyce utilizes the short story "Eveline" to express his point of view.

    • Word count: 1696
  23. The Significance of Irony in Brighton Rock

    Rose's character is also ironic at times. We have a picture of a very na�ve, inexperienced girl. It is therefore ironic when she tells Pinkie that she has known he was a murderer all along. Another irony is found in Pinkie's relationship with Rose. At first it seems strange that two characters that are fundamentally different to one another are drawn to one another. One is the evil leader of a gang, while the other is a young innocent girl with little experience of the world. But ironically we find out throughout the novel that they are in fact very similar.

    • Word count: 774
  24. Original Writing - Prose: Commentary on my creative writing piece focusing on The Dubliners

    I decided to start off with a line, which explained the background so the story would be easier to understand, as I used a different culture. If I had gone straight into a story, the story may have been hard to understand. I included a little introduction to the character and the backgrounds, so the reader would notice what culture I was trying to show and how I was trying to relate it to The Dubliners. I think the introduction to the character and the culture, is a very important thing in my story.

    • Word count: 909
  25. Struggle for Freedom

    Their school boy lark and youthful egocentricism are destroyed by an encounter with an aging pervert who tells them that boys were too young to have sweethearts. In addition, both of the authors use descriptive words to create imagery, which also shows how the two stories are similar. Some examples of descriptive imagery from Flight are: and Dubliners: An Encounter is It will become apparent that this is what these stories are about when evidence is provided by referring to the each story to support these statements in the text.

    • Word count: 1023

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