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AS and A Level: Other Authors

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 1
  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  1. "Strange Meeting" by Susan Hill. Explore and evaluate the ways in which the war affects and changes the friendship between John Hilliard and David Barton.

    We can see this from the line 'No-one knew, nobody understood'. Hilliard is a very confused self-supressed character. He is also a stoic character who is unaware of his surroundings and quite isolated. It's not normal for a soldier to return from the war to go on leave and then wanting to be back in France, as he feels that where he belongs is in the trenches. Hilliard returned to France. As a result of the rate of deaths soldiers were replaced and Hilliard would struggle to see familiar faces.

    • Word count: 1842
  2. Far from seeing Mother as a victim of a repressive society, Winterson presents her as the repressor through her upbringing of Jeanette. How far do you agree with this critical view of women in Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit?

    The characterisation of Mother, or Louie, is of "a dogmatic and powerful middle-aged woman, inviting the same mix of admiration, incredulity, disapproval and hatred"*. Due to her strong religious beliefs, she believes the world around her to be wrong and only her view, at one with God, is right. The 'unsaved' are enemies, and a threat to Jeanette, whom she guards fiercely from ways of life and thinking that do not correspond with the word of the Lord or the teachings of the Pastors.

    • Word count: 1557
  3. Through a close examination of two or three passages from Scoop and consideration of other examples of satire that you have read, explore how Scoop works as a satire.

    And finally Gulliver's fourth journey places him in the land of the Houyhnhnm, a society of intelligent, reasoning horses. By creating these four mysterious, ridiculous yet rather amusing journeys, Swift is able to add irony and satire of the English political system and the human ways. In Gulliver's first journey for example, he gets ship-wrecked and swims ashore. When he wakes up, he finds himself tied to the ground by tiny people. Swift uses this to satirise the power of humans, and portrays the irony of a giant being tied down and held prisoner by tiny people. Also, Swift uses the strange customs that they have in Lilliput as a satire.

    • Word count: 1489
  4. Character notes for 'Ethan Frome' - Zeena and Ethan

    of sufferer 'zeena, with more leisure to devote to her complex ailments, grew less watchful of the girls ommisions' -This results in the reader suspecting hypochondria or at least exaggeration rather than any real ailment. * zeenas only talent appears to be caring for the sick, however and no point during the novel does Edith Wharton display her as being nurturing or showing any sense of vitality until the end. When Ethan and Mattie are both disabled and it falls to zeena to care for them and even then she seems to do it out of sense of duty not

    • Word count: 1042
  5. Mrs Beaver in 'A Handful of Dust'. It is fitting that Waugh should begin his novel A Handful of Dust by introducing his readers to the characters of Mrs. Beaver and her son John.

    This ruthless exploitation of people is further seen in Mrs. Beaver's treatment of her staff who paid her for the privilege of working in the damp and cold, 'handling the crates like a man' and being promised advancement which she had no intention of fulfilling as neither had 'enough chic to work upstairs'. This materialistic attitude and judgment of people purely in terms of their financial and social standing is apparent in her comments on the amount of money owed to her by the various characters which are mentioned, such as the American who hadn't 'paid for the toile-de-jouy chair covers' or the Lasts themselves.

    • Word count: 1347
  6. Brenda in 'A Handful of Dust'. In this excerpt, which takes place after Tony has left for the Amazon, Waugh continues to allow his reader to come to their own conclusions about the characteristics and behaviour of Brenda by examining what she does and wh

    Indeed, it is ironic that Brenda is discussing her life with Jock as we learnt from Mrs. Beaver at the start of the novel that "everyone thought that she would marry Jock Grant Menzies" and Jock himself seems to have always had a high opinion of the "grand girl" and "devoted wife" (irony). It appears that his opinion does not alter despite his knowledge of Brenda's adultery and rather unfeeling reaction to the news he himself delivered on the death of her son as we learn at the end of the novel that Brenda goes on to marry him.

    • Word count: 1346
  7. Spies. How does Frayn display Stephen and Keiths relationship at the start of the novel?

    being satirical, about the school and class system enforced upon him and his childhood friend. The specific words 'right' and 'wrong' are extremely important within this rant as they further emphasise his disgust and distaste for said system. They do this by simplifying the system down to its basic principles without mannerisms or politeness, i.e. the 'right' school was only for those that were from the 'right' families whereas the 'wrong' school was for those that weren't from those families. This simplistic view can be compared notably with the idea of 'good' and 'evil', or 'black' and 'white', which shows the reader that the idea that people can be treated in that manner because of prejudices is ridiculous.

    • Word count: 1123
  8. How does Khaled Hosseini tell the story in chapter 4 of The Kite Runner?

    That boy was Ali." Hosseni shows us through showing method that Amir has inner conflict as he is confused whether he should call Hassan his friend or not, one of the things that make him confused is because even Baba never referred to Ali as his friends, we know this because Amir says "but none of his stories did Baba reder to Ali as his friends", with the use of anaphora of the word "nevermind" we as readers witness that Amir is a very confused character.

    • Word count: 1414
  9. How does Haddon use colour to the tell story in Curious Incident of the dog in the night-time

    The reader would be able to associate yellow with disease. Thus through use of colour Haddon creates imagery, which the reader can interpret, but which also Christopher can report as it is factual unlike a metaphor. The descriptions of colour not only create a mood throughout the story but also allow us to form some sort of judgement or have insight in to the other characters. For example whilst Christopher merely observes Mrs Shears wearing "pink nail varnish" as readers without AS we can interpret that Mrs Shears is feminine and perhaps vain.

    • Word count: 1067
  10. Janet Frame Towards Another Summer" Chapter 15 Analysis Essay

    Much of 'Summer' constitutes of extensive and relaxed syntax, which not only exposes every thought and feeling Grace has in a lengthy stream of consciousness, but also indicates to readers Grace's highly observant disposition and tendency to have complex cognitions. When reaching the library, Frame shows this with "Anne changed Sarah's book while Sarah watched dismayed, as the seaside book where the animals had been picnicking on the sands, eating tomato sandwiches, ice cream and bananas, disappeared over the desk, and when the new book was found for her she looked suspiciously at it."

    • Word count: 1141
  11. Spies by Michael Frayn. How does Frayn show Stephen's mental progression from childhood to adolescence? You should refer to language, form and structure in your answer.

    This is furthered by the opening line of the second chapter - "Everything is as it was" ... "and everything has changed" exhibits that while Stephen's surroundings have persevered, it is all different, due to his perception, how it has matured, and allowed him to see things in a completely different light, despite little physical change. Furthermore, a lexical field of spying is employed in Chapter 5. For example: "hiding and watching in the gloaming, for sending and receiving messages in invisible ink, for wearing moustaches and beards" this exhibits the extent to which young Stephen's perception is blurred -

    • Word count: 1212
  12. Dominant characters appear in most of Katherine Mansfields anthology The Collected Stories, usually in a form of an anti-hero or just a nagging wife and kids.

    'He was watching there, hidden away-just behind the door'. Another example of Mansfield's use of descriptive language is Mr. Neave is pressured by his family to retire.' Sitting at home, twiddling his thumbs, conscious all the while that his life's work was slipping away, dissolving, and disappearing through Harold's fine fingers.' The descriptive language used frequently in Mansfield's stories enables the reader to experience the effects of the Colonel's dominance on his Children. In constant fear of their [dead] father ready to spring out, forces the twins to 'be weak', and retreat from their fathers room.

    • Word count: 1051
  13. Analyse Barkers presentation of the love between men in the novel Regeneration.

    She also uses him as a vehicle to explore how homosexuality was treated The way Barker presents homosexuality in 'Regeneration' helps the reader understand the struggle that some men had to hide there sexuality. Although Barker doesn't actually say that Sassoon is homosexual straight up it is hinted throughout the novel in the conversations he has and the way he acts around certain men. For example, in the conservative club, it is revealed by the narrator that "It was possible to see the nape of his neck, defenceless under the stiff collar."

    • Word count: 1621
  14. Susie's Afterlife Essay - The Lovely Bones How does Sebold use representations of speech and other literary techniques to portray Susies feelings about her afterlife in the following extract (Chapter 2, Pages 19-20) and in one other extract in the nov

    While in the first extract Susie's heaven appears mundane, even boring, in my chosen extract (Susie's meeting with her grandfather) Sebold shows a more spiritual, paranormal element of heaven - the typical idea of heaven that most readers imagine. In Chapter 2 there is a clear sense of Susie's immaturity and innocence, highlighting the tragedy of her death and suggesting that Susie does not belong in heaven and should be on Earth with her family - this reflects Susie's desire to cling onto her life on Earth.

    • Word count: 1134
  15. Despair in James Baldwin's 'Another Country'

    This haunting reminder of guilt is presented in Rufus' final moments before his suicide, and is poignantly depicted contrapuntally against the present moment, emphasising his inability to confront reality: Everyone was gone except Jane and Rufus and Vivaldo. I wouldn't mind being in jail but I've got to stay there so long... The seats the others had occupied were like a chasm now between Rufus and the white boy and the white girl. 'Let's have another drink,' Vivaldo said.

    • Word count: 1140
  16. How do Paulas early experiences shape the way she develops as a person?

    This caused the reader to wonders what has caused Paula to become so skittish and frightened. Doyle soon provides the answer as he explores Paula's childhood. The news triggers Paula to reminiscence her past experiences. However, Paula recalls her memories in non-chronological manner and in a stream of consciousness which suggests her fragmented mind. Possibly, due to Paula's agonising past or alcoholism as a means of self-protection from the abuse. The structure of the novel is told in a combination of flashbacks of her childhood, her first meeting, dates then marriage with Charlo and the present time of how she is dealing with the news of Charlo's death whilst the same time exploring what really happened.

    • Word count: 1959
  17. With Reference to Act I, show how Leontes Jealousy reveals him to be in rebellion with himself

    In the very first scene, Leontes and Polixines are presented as being extremely close, almost like brothers. This bond is reflected in the relationship between Archidamus and Camillo, lords from Bohemia and Sicilia respectively. Their conversation in the opening scene is very friendly and shows a very strong bond between the men, which implies that Polixines and Leontes must be equally close. Furthermore, from their conversation, we learn that the Kings have been very close since childhood. Camillo says that "they were trained together in their childhoods, and there rooted betwixt / them then such an affection which cannot choose but branch now".

    • Word count: 1296
  18. To Da-duh, in Memoriam

    This would then unravel into a back and forth game as Da-duh would be then allowed to try and prove her wrong. In addition, Da-duh's comments about New York and it's "foolish people" and her "faint mocking smile" show the superiority she feels her world has over her granddaughter's. As the narrator tells her grandmother about the everyday machines back in New York, she leans that one of Da-duh's signs of surrender was "her fear, a fear nameless and profound."

    • Word count: 1610
  19. Analysis of chapter two- A handful of dust

    2. Why does Jenny call Tony Teddy? Jenny insists on calling Tony Teddy in order to be more personal and intimate and therefore abolishes all formalities of surnames so instead of Mr Last, she is able to call him by what she believes is his first name, this is amusing as in fact, she has mistaken his name. Tony feels awkward, and due to Waugh focusing heavily on speech, as readers we feel Tony's discomfort, as he is hesitant to answer her questions and when he does, we sense his discomfort; his use of contradictory language 'No...yes. I mean I know very little about it', demonstrates this.

    • Word count: 1222
  20. Re-creative writing with commentary Khaled Hosseini The Kite Runner

    I frantically searched for the kite and for a fleeting moment I forgot my torment as I saw the blue kite shining in the corner, a vivid sight prominent amidst the dullness of the muddy alley, silently lingering- waiting for its new owner. I checked it wasn't ripped; Amir would not be pleased if it was in poor condition. I had promised him I would bring him the kite a thousand times over and I never lied to Amir, just as he never lied to me, we were best friends, close enough to be brothers.

    • Word count: 1271
  21. Fly Away Peter - What does Jim learn from the War?

    This world of the impotence that Jim feels he has in comparison to the power of birds is the one that is established quickly in the opening chapters of the novella, one that Jim has known for as long as he can remember. In the opening paragraph, the bi-plane flies clumsily through the sky. Its intrusion in the sanctuary shows that Jim is uneasy about change and this new phenomenon is disturbing for him. This is the first sign in the novel of the importance of understanding and accepting change, something that Jim has not yet grasped.

    • Word count: 1670
  22. What do you find noteworthy about the narrative voice in Spies?

    The novel begins with the use of first person, 'I have a feeling that something, somewhere, has been left unresolved', which clearly here is very basic and very common. The language he uses here is very mysterious and gripping, which continues in this chapter with, 'If I only I knew' and 'perhaps I'm the only who remembers'. In the second chapter, we are introduced to the third person narrative, with the narrator now referring to himself as 'Stephen Wheatley', which in my opinion, is a very unique way of constructing his novel.

    • Word count: 1028
  23. How does Mansfield explore ideas on marriage in two of her stories

    His dialogue of 'there isn't room to turn. I want the light. You go and dress in the passage.' Further emphasizes on his self centeredness as well as highlighting his lack of affection for his wife as he does not consider the wife's feelings. The 'light' is symbolic of spot light therefore Mansfield portrays to the reader the arrogance inside of Herr Brechenmacher as he wants to get all the attention proving again his self-centredness. The animated object of the button 'shining with enthusiasm' symbolises His excitement and enthusiastic feeling towards the wedding. Mansfield uses Herr Brechenmacher's actions 'he took a piece of the crumb...held it up to her mouth.'

    • Word count: 1440
  24. The Outsiders

    After these deaths, Ponyboy's grades start dropping and he starts to lose sight of himself. Him and Darry get into many more arguments until Sodapop Curtis tells them to promise to stop arguing because it's tearing him apart. They both agree and it makes their relationship really strong at the end of the novel. Although the Curtis brothers do not have a close relationship at the beginning of the novel, after experiencing the deaths of Bob, Johnny, and Dally, it makes their relationship stronger.

    • Word count: 1385
  25. Explore the presentation of identity in Friel's 'Making History' and Pierre's 'Vernon God Little'.

    She is married to O'Neill who lives in Ireland, but 'always speaks in an upper-class English accent' as this is where he was brought up. This reflects his reluctance to forget his English childhood. This may also suggest that he is still uncertain of his true identity. This can be seen as similar to Vernon in Pierre's 'Vernon God Little'; throughout the novel, there is many plays on Vernon Little's middle name 'Gregory': 'Vernon Gone-To-Hell Little'; 'Vernon Gonzalez Little'; 'Vernon Gucci Little'; 'Vernon Godzilla Little'.

    • Word count: 1225

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • By Comparing and Contrasting the characters of Flora and Prue, discuss how Stella Gibbons has parodied the concept of heroine.

    "In conclusion the rural novel of which Precious Bane is an example has been parodied in detail by Stella Gibbons, from which she has crafted Cold Comfort Farm. Although there a several differences in the two heroines in the novels there are also a number of similarities, both novels are written in first person narrative, in the perspective of the heroine, allowing the reader to get inside the characters head quite effectively. Although both novels are written in considerable detail, Gibbons has exaggerated a lot of her concepts and she does her best to highlight this. Although Flora and Prue aren't both portrayed as stereotypical heroines, they are still both rescued by a male character from the novel, which is term is a cliché that rural novels follow, of a hero rescuing his heroine. However despite the few similarities the two novels contain, Gibbons has engaged several of Mary Webb's concepts and parodied them to perfection, and therefore in a result of this has portrayed Flora, her heroine in a completely different way to how Prue is shown by her author, attractive, confident and independent, she's more of a modern heroine whereas Prue is more traditional."

  • In death, Carlo is described as 'the perfect figure of the perfect man.' To what extent do you agree with this epitaph?

    "In my opinion, Carlo was 'the perfect figure of the perfect man'. I live in a modern society, influenced by the open and equal status shared by everyone in my country. I believe that the orientation of a person should not bear relation as to whether they can be considered 'perfect' or not. What I do consider a more difficult task is defining the word 'perfect', it is a complex word which means different to everybody and there is no unambiguous way to define it. As a result, when I use the word 'perfect' in the context of this essay, I consider both the modern English view and the contemporary Greek and Italian views. In this case, Carlo would not be considered a perfect man because of the homophobic culture which still exists in both of these countries. However, in modern England and to myself, the strength of character, devotion, liberalness and inner beauty of Carlo is enough to be named 'the perfect figure of the perfect man'."

  • Discuss Hosseinis exploration of the parent/ child relationship in the Kite Runner.

    "In conclusion, it is clear that even if Amir was the son Baba had 'imagined', Baba would still have been reluctant to have a relationship with him, as Baba's secret fathering of Hassan haunts him and distances him from Amir. Hosseini effectively creates two characters, through the relationship of Baba and Amir, where mistakes echo to the next generation demonstrating how adults' present mistakes affect the younger generation. It is unclear whether Amir's mistakes will also subsequently affect Sohrab as Hosseini leaves the reader with an open ending, where the reader is left to speculate. However the resonance of Amir's words of: 'For you a thousand times over' echoes as a spoken promise that he will stand by Sohrab and return the loyalty he was shown by Hassan and Sohrab's counter smile indicates that, there is hope for Amir and Sohrab's relationship, will not reiterate that of Amir and Baba's. The ending not only inspires hope for Sohrab and Amir's father/son relationship but also for Afghanistan, the land that they love."

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