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AS and A Level: Charlotte Bronte

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  • Peer Reviewed essays 1
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  1. Jane Eyre: an unconventional heroine. Explore how the female position is presented

    The character of Jane is used to mainly challenge the Victorian attitudes towards women, religion and class. The fact that Bronte chooses a female character to portray her views is surprising to the Victorian reader. During that period, inequality between the genders prevented the views of females from being expressed, and if expressed, they were not regarded with respect. Expressing their ideas in any way was extremely unconventional as it would have been shocking for a woman to be passionate. By using Jane as a device to put forward her views, Bronte challenges the idea that women did not have views worth considering.

    • Word count: 1795
  2. Essentially, Jane Eyre is a story of romantic love Discuss.

    Although the novel can fall into other genres, such as the Gothic or Romantic, the love between her and Mr Rochester is the core. The novel follows the growing and developing protagonist, whose need to be loved and valued is reinforced throughout the novel. Jane is a very unconventional heroine, and has unconventional views about love and marriage. Bronte uses Jane Eyre as a surrogate in order to express and present her views about love. To the Victorian reader, her views may have been rather shocking and inappropriate.

    • Word count: 1234
  3. Analyse the presentation of Jane in Bronte's 'Jane Eyre'

    A more attractive and sprightly manner' but Jane feels she should be accepted for who she is and not to have to play up to her aunt's wishes, no matter what the consequences. As a result her aunt feels she is a child with a 'tendency to deceit' and tends to punish her for it. Jane is shown to be a very literary child; she takes comfort in reading or looking at books and she uses language like 'ships becalmed on a torpid sea' which for a ten year old, even at that time, is rather impressive.

    • Word count: 1617
  4. Is Jane Eyre best described as a romance or a Gothic novel?

    The latter results from a period in English history when society was in search for of order and the approach was that everything had to be explained rationally and scientifically, hence often being referred to as the Age of Reason. However, the romantics' themes are in opposition to such a way of thinking and rebelled against such established norms and conventions. The characters in romantic novels place the self at the centre of his/her own existence, this is achieved by focusing on his/her thoughts rather than actions.

    • Word count: 2008
  5. Analysis of passages and Mr Rochester in "Jane Eyre".

    Although, in previous chapters, Jane as well as the reader is indulged in Providential signs, which make us reflect on her future troubles, something which is once more recalled at the end of the same chapter (chapter 26) where Jane states 'Be not far from me, for trouble is near: there is none to help'. In the passage Jane is looking at Mr Rochester with questioning eyes. Probably the sentence 'I made him look at me' recalls a previous one when Mr Rochester "made' Jane 'love him without looking at' her (Chapter 17).

    • Word count: 2652
  6. 'The Settings in Jane Eyre represent stages in the development of Jane's character'

    The names themselves can show us a lot of what Jane's life and reaction will be to the place. Gateshead for example conveys the idea that Jane is shut in and trapped whilst also at the beginning, head, of life. One could even interpret it as representing the Gates of h**l and this is enhanced by the punishment that Jane receives and the red imagery that is used, 'red moreen' 'crimson'. Lowood also suggests a low and dank period of her life, whilst Thornfield suggests something that at first appears open and sunny but with the idea of hidden thorns.

    • Word count: 1898
  7. Analysis of the Tension in Chapter XXXVI

    However this does not make the reader worried or tense, Jane appears to be invigorated and sees it as 'an inspiration' rather than an experience to worry her. Through this whole paragraph the reader feels as though they are Jane's confidante and we share in her excitement but at this point we are not worried or apprehensive. We later see the physical effect that this has had on Jane as Diana says Jane 'looked very pale', and this suffices to make the reader slightly worried as we realise the importance that this quest holds for Jane.

    • Word count: 1320
  8. Explore Brontes presentation of Mr. Rochester as a Byronic hero in Jane Eyre.

    Rochester: ten days; and still he did not come. Mrs. Fairfax said she should not be surprised if he were to go straight from the Leas to London, and thence to the Continent, and not show his face again Thornfield for a year to come: he had not infrequently quitted it in a manner quite abrupt and unexpected." Rochester is also moody and Jane notes this upon her first few encounters with him at Thornfield Hall. At first he is abrupt with and almost unkind to Jane; this is seen in his response to her entrance, and her thoughts on

    • Word count: 1426
  9. Discuss the Role of Religion in Jane Eyre

    Alternatively, the characters could be viewed as a means of allowing readers to choose from the ideals presented their own personal definition of religion. In the novel, Jane does not choose any extreme, but rather chooses her own definition of religion to follow--is it possible that Bront� is offering us the opportunity to do the same? Regardless, Jane Eyre offers us a vantage point on three different views of religion, as well as perspective on the kind of image they may be seen to represent.

    • Word count: 1592
  10. Closely analyse the presentation of Rochesters character in Jane Eyre. In the course of your writing make comparisons with the way Rochester is presented in Wide Sargasso Sea.

    In the novel, he illustrates themes of deceit, inequality, class struggles, male dominance and, eventually, female empowerment. Much of the imagery associated with him in the novel is related to fire: "the light of the fire on his granite-hewn features", "Don't keep me long; the fire scorches me"; the suggestion is made throughout that his overpowering personality and ruthlessness in pursuit of what he selfishly wants would somehow consume and destroy Jane's free and equally passionate spirit: all-consuming, animalistic passion is ultimately shown in the form of Rochester's mad wife Bertha. As Barbara Hill Rigney comments, "[Bertha] serves as a distorted mirror image of Jane's own dangerous propensities towards 'passion'"; Bertha's condition in Jane Eyre is one which reflects Jane's own dangerous situation as much as Jane's premonitions reflect her future danger.

    • Word count: 1644
  11. Jane Eyre - Too Passionate?

    From my point of view she is not almost destroyed by ignoring her instincts, but rather strengthened internally. If I may, I would bring faith into it, by commenting that the mature Jane is only willing to behave according to her nature, if her nature is aligned with her religion. By leaving the man she loves, Jane acts in accordance with her faith, ultimately leaving her conscience free of the torment she would have faced should she have obeyed Mr Rochester. In obeying her conscience, she allows what one could call the will of God to guide her to a place where she is independent of others and their emotions, rather perhaps on her new life as a teacher.

    • Word count: 461
  12. Write an account of Helen Burns last night done from her perspective.

    Nora is shown to be more child-like than the adult she supposedly is through her speech as uses phrases just 'a tiny bit' when she talks of shopping or "lots and lots of money". This makes her sound very childish and so adds to the little girl image that has been built up thus far. We can also deduce that Nora likes to spend money and does this a lot as her husband, Torvald, calls her a 'spendthrift' and a 'squander-bird'.

    • Word count: 874
  13. Comment on the authors presentation of Bertha Rochester in the extracts from Jane Eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea.

    The little dialogue leads the reader to think that Bertha is an inhuman object; she is never called by name. However, there is more dialogue in the second Jane Eyre extract although in spite of this, it does not do Bertha any favours. It still gives Bertha a bad reputation by the way she is said to have "bit and stabbed..." this gives the reader an idea of her animal-like qualities, if you can call them that. When Mr. Rochester greets Grace Poole the biased approach continues against Bertha by the way Grace describes the condition of Bertha on that day as "rather snappish, but not rageous", this again plays on Bertha's beastliness.

    • Word count: 1252
  14. Free essay

    Jane Eyre. Bront engages sympathy towards Jane because of the utilization of the first person by the narrator. I was glad of it: I never liked long walks. By using I the writer ensures that we see things and feel things from Janes point

    Charlotte considered herself to be very plain, even ugly, and did not really hope for marriage, although she received three proposals. Like Jane Eyre, she was always sad that she was not more obviously attractive. Beauty was something she admired and longed for. At Roe Head, she worked hard, was successful and made several long life friends. She hated the job but when she was not teaching or marking books she had to work at mending the pupils' clothes. She became so depressed and ill that she had to leave.

    • Word count: 1278
  15. Jane Eyre. We would like to show you Jane Eyres character and its developement during the time with the help of each section. Then we have dealt with gothic and romantic features. It may seem that the novel contains a romantic love story, but it is ac

    It was a long period of prosperity for British people, vast cultural, social, and technological changes occurred. People were interested in relationship between modernity and cultural continuities. Gothic revival architecture became increasingly significant in that period, leading to the Battle of Styles between Gothic and Classical ideas. Popular forms of enterteinment varied by social class. Mostly middle class was interested in theatre, arts, music, drama, opera. Gambling in cards became very popular. WOMEN IN THE VICTORIAN ERA Divided into four distinct classes, Nobility and Gentry, Middle Class, "Upper" Working Class, and "Lower" Working class, these women each had their own specific standards and roles.

    • Word count: 3741
  16. From your reading of Chapters 1, 2 and 26 of Jane Eyre, as well as any previous knowledge of the novel you might have, write about the links you begin to see between that text and Charlotte Perkins Gilmans The Yellow Wallpaper

    While Bront�'s characters in "Jane Eyre" cannot be labelled with much more precision than Mr. Rochester's standing as a Byronic hero, the characters in "The Yellow Wallpaper" are clearly intended for various purposes. The most obvious examples are John, the narrator's husband, who embodies the Victorian male and the Victorian physician, and the narrator herself, who is intended to represent all of womankind subjected to the aforementioned Victorian male doctor. A commonality between the two novels exists in their inclusion of characters exhibiting madness. There can be drawn many similarities between the two differing presentations, including an obvious physical manifestation of insanity.

    • Word count: 1644
  17. Explore the presentation of obsession in men in Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte and Enduring Love by Ian McEwan

    He also says, "I love you as my own flesh", suggesting that Rochester's love is all consuming and he may well have obsessive tendencies. Also, the use of 'own' enforces Rochester's obsessional love for Jane as it sounds like he is possessive of himself, therefore reflecting how possessive he is of Jane. Furthermore, Rochester says, "I must have you for my own- entirely my own. Will you be mine? Say yes, quickly". Bronte's use of 'must' and then repetition of 'my own' implies that Rochester is anxious to marry Jane, and then the use of 'quickly' reinforces this, but also appears to push Jane into giving Rochester the answer he wants.

    • Word count: 2473
  18. Jane in Chapters 1 - 11

    seem to take notice of me; I stood lonely enough, but to that feeling of isolation I was accustomed: it did not oppress me much." She begins to get absorbed in being on her own. "I wandered as usual among the forms and tables and laughing groups without a companion, yet not feeling lonely..." Bronte shows us a maturity in Jane wherein she doesn't question her isolation anymore and satisfies herself with what she has. Her being forced to travel by herself to Lowood at such a young age is one of the signs Bronte gives us of her being forced to feel responsible for herself as she is being pushed into independence.

    • Word count: 1492
  19. Monologue for Aunt Reed on her deathbed

    I should only feel guilty for the death of my beloved son John. Maybe I should call for Eliza or Georgiana to remove my husband's niece from the premises. I want nothing to do with Jane. And surely she is only here to confirm my death and try to stake a claim in the Gateshead Hall! Jane Eyre is a money grabber. She only wants the inheritance. But I will leave it all to Eliza and Georgiana. Jane Eyre is devious. She can barely remember my face and features. She wants to see a familiar figure but she is not welcome here.

    • Word count: 1078
  20. What is the significance of location in the first fifteen chapters of Jane Eyre by Bronte?

    This shows the negative attitude towards Jane and how her past will always affect her future. This is also the first indication the reader's gain of Jane's past and her orphaned history. This location makes Jane feel inadequate and unequal. The surroundings of this house are very grand and expensive, this portrays the middle class family that the Reed's are. However, Jane is constantly reminded of her poor, orphaned background. The location here is a reality check for Jane in many ways. The location here is a reality check for Jane in many ways. It reminds her of her past and her current situation: "Poverty for me was synonymous with degradation."

    • Word count: 1045
  21. Remind yourself of the passage in Chapter 14 from I know it well; therefore I proceed almost as freely(TM) to the end of the chapter. Discuss the significance of this passage in your reading of the novel.

    'When fate wronged me, I had not the wisdom to remain cool...' is significant in the further reading of the novel when you read of Rochester's dissipation around Europe and his Mistresses-particularly C�line Varens-he suggests being remorseful at his past actions and tells Jane to 'dread remorse when you are tempted...remorse is the poison of life,' which foreshadows Jane's latter decision to leave Rochester and Thornfield as she too would become remorseful as Rochester has she stayed and become his Mistress (had she stayed she too would have met the same fate as Rochester latter).

    • Word count: 884
  22. Wuthering Heights characters

    It is conventional to consider characterisation in terms of identity: what characterises this person? How can they be identified? One of the key elements of identity might be thought to be the name, yet Wuthering Heights is a novel in which there scarcely seems enough names to go round. There is a constant doubling of names which repetitiously trace each other through the three generations of the novel. Catherine The reader's first introduction to Catherine Earnshaw is an introduction to the signature of a ghost; her name is scratched upon the window-ledge in her childhood bedroom, the room where Lockwood will have his disturbing nightmares.

    • Word count: 2576
  23. Jane eyre by charlotte bronte - Red Room

    ` Bessie chides Jane extensively more than her cousins, also the quote shows that the way Jane feels about herself has been largely influenced by the perception of the other family members. In chapter one Jane had been excluded as a full family member. ` She really must exclude me from privileges intended only for contented, happy, little children. ` As a result Jane slipped in the breakfast-room that adjoined the drawing-room and possessed herself a book which she began to read; Bronte shows Jane's character as very independent and mature for her age, it shows she has a mind of her own also it shows she does not give up and is not easily defeated.

    • Word count: 1147
  24. In Charlotte Bronts novel, Villette, Bront strategically uses the brutality and magnitude of thunder storms to propel her narrator, Lucy Snowe, into unchartered social territories of friendship and love

    After a resulting fit of delirium and depression, Lucy attends confession at a Catholic church solely in order to receive kind words from another human being. It is at this low, after her leaving the church, that the first storm takes shape. Caught without shelter, Lucy falls victim to the storm's brute force. She remembers that she "...bent [her] head to meet it, but it beat [her] back" (236). However, though appearing destructive, this overpowering force serves to deliver her into the hands of Dr.

    • Word count: 993
  25. Compare Katherina and Jane Eyre's attitude towards marriage, commenting on the historical context of each character and the language they use. What are your views on marriage and its future in the twenty-first century?

    Women at this time could not work, only around the house. Marriages at this time do not seem to have much to do with the religious side women were just sold like objects. ...Katherina was not obedient at first though she refused to be married. There was no one that would marry her though because she was such a "shrew". The only reason why she was married was because Petruchio wanted the money that came with her. ...After Katherina was married and she became tame her opinion changed.

    • Word count: 891

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Closely analyse the presentation of Rochesters character in Jane Eyre. In the course of your writing make comparisons with the way Rochester is presented in Wide Sargasso Sea.

    "Although similar and comparable, the characters of Bront�'s Rochester and Rhys's Rochester are placed in different cultures, written in different centuries and have different circumstances. Rhys's villain is not given the fond treatment that Bront�'s Byronic hero is at the end; however, the presentation of both characters is consistent in many areas. Rochester, despite redeeming himself at the conclusion of the novel, is a symbol of the male oppression, of the patriarchal society and of the lies and deceit which bring about Antoinette's imprisonment and almost bring about Jane's. Words: 1644"

  • 'Rochester is master and Jane a passive victim.' Discuss power and control in Jane and Rochester's relationship.

    "In conclusion, I believe that the statement, ‘Rochester is master and Jane a passive victim,’ is not true to some extent. Throughout the novel, there are hints to support this statement however Jane is shown to be an outspoken woman who gives outbursts of her thoughts. She follows and obeys Mr Rochester as he is her master, throughout the novel Jane is heavily dependant on other people therefore she may find pleasure in Mr Rochester’s attention."

  • In the light of St Johns proposal, discuss the importance in Jane Eyre of love and marriage.

    "In conclusion, love and marriage is important in Jane Eyre. St. John and Janeâs relationship is one where there is no love but one where marriage is still seen as a possibility for a purpose. Jane and Rochesterâs relationship is one where the love and passion override a successful marriage but eventually the two are united equally. Finally, Bertha and Rochesterâs relationship is one where there is some passion at first but it quickly dies and all that it is left is a hateful , empty marriage which offers a contrast to Jane and Rochesterâs relationship."

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