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AS and A Level: Jonathan Swift

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  1. Human Nature in Gulliver's Travels

    Yet, the allegory is satirical, with Swift trying to point out how human disputes can be so groundless and trivial. He mocks the countries by saying that "eleven thousand Persons have, at several times, suffered Death, rather than submit to break their Eggs at the smaller End" and that "we [Lilliput] have lost forty Capital Ships...together with thirty thousand of our best Seamen and Soldiers" because of the disagreement. So ridiculous it is to make such a fuss about which end of the egg to break!

    • Word count: 2182
  2. Satire and Colonialism in the eighteenth century: 'A Modest Proposal' and 'Gulliver's Travels'

    In his books and novels Swift was attacking ruthlessly the Whigs. In the eighteenth century when Swift was writing English and Irish Protestants were controlling the Irish Catholics. Catholics were not allowed in a position of authority and power. The harder a Catholic worked the more likely he or she would be punished. A law was designed to keep people poor. By 1750 the Catholics owned only seven percent of the land in Ireland, but ninety-five percent of the population were Catholic.

    • Word count: 2144
  3. Gulliver's Travels Essay

    Other good examples are Snow White And The 7 Dwarfs, Jack And The Beanstalk and 101 Dalmatians. The Little Beings Are Hurtful - Lilliput In Lilliput, there are creatures that are like humans, but they are just smaller in size. In this voyage to Lilliput, Gulliver is the giant who is very virtuous but he acquaints with evil little creatures. You would expect the Lilliputians to be kind and loving because of their size and Gulliver to be mean and aggressive, but being a change from the norm, the characteristics have been swapped.

    • Word count: 2413
  4. Write and essay on the methods and objectives of Swift's satire.

    The novel is a condemnation of certain human traits. Gulliver's experiences with various flawed societies foreshadow his ultimate rejection of human society in the fourth voyage. Swift's style is composed chiefly of satire, allegory, and irony. Satire can be defined as a mocking attack against vices, stupidities, and follies of man with an aim to educate and improve. Gulliver's Travels is the product of a mind deeply concerned with political matters. In the book many figures which seem to be imaginary are meant to depict real personages. There are many political allusions abound in the Travels.

    • Word count: 2131
  5. How effective is Swift's

    Swift has written in considerable detail over the degree of poverty in Ireland, he draws attention to the causes of it obliquely and proves in great detail that his "Proposal" will work and in which ways it does work. Ireland was a colony of England; it was economically, politically and militarily dependent on England. This was profitable for England because a weak, poor Ireland could not challenge them and by not financially aiding the Irish they built up their own economy.

    • Word count: 2447
  6. Compare the persuasive techniques and the development of the argument in 'Old Major's speech' and Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal.

    This makes it seem like everything he is going to tell them is wise, true and worth listening to. In the third paragraph of his speech, he is brutally honest, and works up the animals, to get them angry. He tells them "our lives are miserable, laborious and short". This is the 'problem'. He then tells them the 'solution' to the problem. He channels their anger towards man. He asks hypothetical questions, and then answers them for the animals, so that he is almost telling them what to think.

    • Word count: 2723

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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