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AS and A Level: Mark Twain
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The runaway slave named Jim teaches an ignorant and innocent white boy named Huck Finn life lessons through their adventures down the Mississippi River on a raft, proving he is the best parental figure for Huck
Chapter 9, they discover a dead man on the floor, Jim acted like a protective parent and father figure after he looks over the dead body of Huck's Pa and he tells Huck "doan ' look at his face-it's too gashly". Page 48 In the last chapter Jim explains that the dead man in the house was Pap and Huck realizes that Pap will not bother or abuse him anymore. This shows Jim as a caring, protective father figure that did not want Huck to see how is father had been shot in the back, which meant he was a thief in that house.
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The feud chapters precede rather than follow the Boggs shooting not for self-evident artistic reasons but because we are to suppose that is the order in which Huck lived them" (97). The different conflicts exhibit the novel's picaresque style and are used to relate the story of a wandering rogue hero. Though the story's plot is episodic in nature, there is, however, a unifying factor of the river, shown through the conflict and water diction. John C. Gerber, a well-known Twain scholar, affirms in "Mark Twain: Overview" that though "episodic in nature, the story nevertheless holds together because of the river [and] the constant presence of Huck as narrator".
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When describing his daughter to Huck, Jim says, "En wid dat I fetch' her a slap side de head dat sont her a-spawlin'...Oh, Huck, I bust out a-cryin' en grab her up in my arms, en say, 'Oh, de po' little thing! De Lord God Amighty fogive po' Jim, kaze he never gwyne to forgive hisself as lon's he live!"(156). In this quotation, Jim expresses extreme regrete and sorrow for his daughter whom he has realized is deaf and couldn't hear anything he was saying to her.
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Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work - r****m and Slavery - Twains' Huckleberry Finn.
But even by Twain's time, things had not necessarily gotten much better for blacks in the South. In this light, we might read Twain's depiction of slavery as an allegorical representation of the condition of blacks in the United States even after the abolition of slavery. Just as slavery places the noble and moral Jim under the control of white society, no matter how degraded that white society may be, so too did the insidious r****m that arose near the end of Reconstruction oppress black men for illogical and hypocritical reasons. In Huckleberry Finn, Twain, by exposing the hypocrisy of slavery, demonstrates how r****m distorts the oppressors as much as it does those who are oppressed.
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One of the offences punishable by the latter was that of running away from the master who bought you and legally owned you. This is why it is interesting to see that Twain is not out rightly pro slavery but in fact gives nothing away about his views on Jim's freedom. He uses a technique very skilfully to show the two sides of the nature of society and the nature of man. The technique is the use of irony which he has mastered to a stage at which he can show his views on the issue of freedom and society without actually making any statements.
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Twain highlights the differences in dialect, education and money between the rich and poor, and whites and blacks. The unique dialect that Mark Twain utilized was one of the main reasons that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was a target for scrutiny. While the book was written after the Civil War, the story takes place in a period prior to the freeing of slaves. Twain attempts to give a detailed portrayal of the characters in the novel, and one way of doing so is by employing different dialects in characters. It is a clever device used by Twain to give an indication as to the education level of the character, and in terms of the content of the dialogue, their skin color.
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The more one has, the more one wants. Instead of filling a vacuum, it creates one. The main characters in the book are "have-nots". But they can be further divided into categories based upon the extent to which they value money: People like the Duke and the Dauphin have created a vacuum inside themselves, an bottomless pit that all the riches in the world couldn't fill. In stark contrast to the two is Huckleberry Finn, who knows that it takes more than money to make a man rich.
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There are two main characters in Huckleberry Finn: Huckleberry Finn, and Jim, a runaway slave. Huckleberry Finn finds himself torn between his own judgment of helping Jim escape, and the people around him who support slavery in its entirety. He is in a bad and dangerous situation while with Jim, because anyone might possibly think Jim a runaway "n****r" and turn him back in for the reward of cash, as well as clout for being honest. But Huck is a very bright and creative young man, and uses his intelligence to both his and Jim's advantages in order to save their lives, on more than one occasion.
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And went on thinking. And got to thinking... 'All right, then, I'll go to h**l-' and tore it up." By doing this, he is violating the code of ethics, such as social behavior, that he has been taught by society. Why is this? This is because Huck sees Jim as his friend and not just as a slave. He does not want to betray the only person that needs him and has been there for him. Jim is also a father figure to Huck, by constantly worrying about him and making sure that he is safe. There are many occasions where Huck had to choose from whether or not he should do the right thing in his eyes, or the right thing in the eyes of others.
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