• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explore the ways that witchcraft is presented in ''Macbeth'' and compare the way we may wish to present it today

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explore the ways that witchcraft is presented in ''Macbeth'' and compare the way we may wish to present it today In the play 'Macbeth' Shakespeare uses witchcraft and witches as dramatic and thematic devices. Witchcraft was considered a serious evil presence throughout Europe during the 16th and 17th Centuries, which meant that Shakespeare's original witches would have had a great effect on the original audience, and they would have feared them. Also, by using the theme of witchcraft, Shakespeare flatters James I, as it was a widely known fact that he was extremely interested in the study of demonology and had written a book on it called Demonology published in 1597. Shakespeare's witches in 'Macbeth' conform to the contemporary beliefs; this makes them even more powerful and greatly feared. They were considered to be part of the devil himself and their power was thought to be even more dominating then any human power. As the witches enter Act I scene I in a 3 it is as if they are the opposite of the holy trinity, also when the witches make a prophecy about Macbeth it is chanted in threes -Act I Scene3 'Thane of Glamis', 'Thane of Cawdor', 'that shalt be king hereafter' this puts emphasis on the prophecies and makes them seem to be evil and powerful. ...read more.

Middle

The use equivocation, 'fair is foul, and foul is fair' is used to convey how something is neither one thing nor the other. This creates confusion amongst the audience and the characters in the play, such as Macbeth, who associates with the witches. When the witches say this in Act I scene I and Macbeth echoes this in act I scene 3, this makes Macbeth appear to be evil. This equivocation also gives the impression that nothing is as it seems, almost as if something, which could be trusted before, cannot anymore. In accordance to this Macbeth's first words echo the witches'; "So foul and fair a day." This shows us that Macbeth has not yet met the witches, but he is already beginning to talk like them, and thus implies that perhaps Macbeth has the potential to become evil and that is why he is chosen by the witches. Once again, in Act 1 Scene 3, we are faced with "thunder" and the witches enter the play. The scene is set on "a heath" and from this we can see that wherever the witches go, disorder follows, giving the impression that, their powers are much greater in comparison to those of mere mortals, because as soon as they appear, chaos arises and the scheme and order of things is turned upside down. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nowadays, people perceive that evil is based on factual evidence and events, rather than magic and superstition. A modern day audience would not fear the contemporary witches, as the Shakespearean audience would have. So in order for a modern day audience to perceive the witches as evil some directors choose to have men playing the parts of the witches to portray the confused sexuality of the witches as this would appear to be more supernatural and disturbing than having women disguised as witches. In conclusion to this we can see that the witches knew what would happen once they had given the prophecies to Macbeth, however, they did not tell him what to do, therefore he acted out of his own intention and for his own personal benefit. This shows us that human nature, if provoked, can be destructive and can destroy that around us and should in all honesty be more feared than witchcraft itself. Even though, people in modern times are not frightened of witches and magic, it all comes back to hunger for power and money and that is how Macbeth came to become a murderous, over-ambitious man, because he feared that he would not become rich and powerful. So even though we are not still afraid of witches, we still kill for money and power, and this is an issue carried through from the 16th century and before, to today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Macbeth section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Macbeth essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How does Shakespeare characterize the witches?

    3 star(s)

    They create ambition in Macbeth's mind, and as he toys with this ambition, a growing evil appears. The moral perplexity of the witches 'Fair is foul and foul is fair' induces the difference between good and evil. The witches are evidently 'the instruments of darkness'.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    How does Shakespeare present Macbeth in a way that allows us to feel sympathy ...

    3 star(s)

    Macbeth has, with the aid of his wife, killed the king Duncan and has claimed the throne as a result of this murder. At the beginning of Act 5, the audience loses all their respect for Macbeth, as he becomes heartless.

  1. Macbeth - Act 4 Scene 1: Discuss the Dramatic Potential in this scene.

    An example of this would be, when the second apparition, tells him, 'The power of man, for none of woman born, Shall harm Macbeth.' It is trying to say that any man that has been born through caesarian can harm Macbeth.

  2. Macbeth - Do the witches heighten the dramatic impact of the play?

    the play, this heightens the dramatic impact of the play because introducing them into the play makes the watching audience realise that the witches will be a massive influence in the play and a very integral part as well in the play.

  1. Discuss the role of witches in Act 1 of

    "I'll give thee a wind" The witches were not limited to land, but also used their power across oceans. Their magic could make simple objects water tight. "But in a sieve, I'll thither a sail" They could also become your mortal enemy if you refused them food like in the story of the sailor's wife.

  2. The Dramatic Impact of The Witches in Macbeth

    Each witch responds almost instantly as if continuing the sentence like one being. This crates the atmosphere of a spell or a chant. This enables them to see past the present in to the future such as when they say " when the battles lost and won", this suggests that they already know the outcome they know more than you.

  1. Macbeth was led down to an inescapable road of doom by an outside force, ...

    The witches predicted, at the beginning of the play, that Macbeth would soon become the Thane of Cawdor and eventually the outright King. They tell Macbeth this, simply to ignite what would finally end up being a burning desire for success.

  2. Banquos principles have been deeply compromised and we justifiably feel that he is not ...

    I find it impossible to believe that Banquo would not be suspicious of his friend at this stage but again his loyalty to Macbeth forces him to give the benefit of the doubt. Banquo makes sure to have a clear conscience to keep his ?bosom franchis?d and allegiance clear?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work