• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does Shakespeare use representations of speech and other dramatic techniques to explore the theme of trust in the following extract, and in other episode elsewhere in "Othello"?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐How does Shakespeare use representations of speech and other dramatic techniques to explore the theme of trust in the following extract, and in other episode elsewhere in the play? Act 3, Scene 4 of the play ?Othello?, Desdemona persists in the recommendation of Cassio, but Othello is obsessed with the handkerchief. This extract concerns both Othello and Desdemona; we as the audience hear their conversation regarding the handkerchief. The mood is tense, as both the characters and audience are waiting for Desdemona to tell the truth about the handkerchief, and the way Shakespeare includes a casual conversation between these characters adds to the suspense that is building up. The tone set it uneasy as just before this scene, Iago has manipulated Othello into believing Desdemona is having an affair with Cassio, and so the audience feel uneasy of what is going to happened next. The theme of trust is shown in this passage, through Desdemona lying to her husband and Othello not trusting her in which Shakespeare shows using a variety of techniques of speech and imagery in this extract to explore the trust in the relationships. ...read more.


Othello's behaviour, and Desdemona's sudden distrust of it, foreshadows Othello's violent rage. In this passage, the audience see Desdemona?s first lie - ?it is not lost?, then repeated ?I say, it is not lost.? This portrays the unfaithful relationship between the married couple, and so Othello asks her to ?fetch?t: let me see?t.?. The dynamic verb ?fetch? is used twice implying that he does not trust Desdemona and believes that the handkerchief is with Cassio. The imperative ?fetch me the handkerchief? shows his position and status over her. On the other hand, Othello?s position is appeared a weaker in Act 4, Scene 1, though he does use an imperative: ?get me some poison, Iago, this night?, specifically asking Iago. The imperative show the trust in the relationship, and his anger is shown through the harsh verb ?get?. Furthermore, in Act 4, Scene 1, Othello puts all his attention on Desdemona but has mixed opinions about her: ?ay, let her rot, and perish, and be damned tonight, for she shall not live.? The aggressive verbs ?rot? and ?perish? highlights that Iago has succeeded in getting Othello to focus on Desdemona alone and to rearticulate his desire for her ruin, despite his continued positive thoughts towards ?a fine woman, a fair woman, a sweet woman?. ...read more.


When Emilia tries to suggest for a second time that jealousy is the culprit ?Is not this man jealous??, Desdemona claims ignorance: ?I nev'r saw this before. Sure, there's some wonder in this handkerchief: I am most unhappy in the loss of it.? Emilia sets the agenda setting of jealousy, and Desdemona blocks the question by answering she is ?most unhappy?. The superlative ?most?, followed by the adjective ?unhappy? reinforces her innocence and does not know why Othello is different towards her. The extract from Act 3, Scene 4 and Act 4, Scene 1 both portray the trust towards the relationships of each of the characters to the audience, and the speech and dramatic devices that Shakespeare uses helps him to get them across to the audience without the other characters picking up on what he is implying. Othello?s conveyance of his feelings to the audience creates dramatic irony, as we know that he would never act on his feelings, but Iago twists it and convinces Othello that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair, when we know that Desdemona is innocent and does not deserve this. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Othello section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Othello essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explore the ways in which Iago destroys the relationship between Desdemona and Othello

    4 star(s)

    The main proof that Othello has of Desdemona being unfaithful is based around the handkerchief which Iago has managed to persuade Emilia to steal from Desdemona and put in Cassio's possession. Iago presents himself in a completely different way to the characters of the play to how the audience perceives

  2. Discuss the origins and characteristics of the dramatic monologue.

    'I go, and it is done,' the crisis point in Macbeth Act II Scene I, a soliloquy. This is moments before Macbeth is about to kill Duncan.

  1. How far do you consider revenge to be the main theme in Shakespeares Othello?

    This is literally a racial slur, he plays on notions of old times when black men were considered to be of animal like origin and to be hyper-sexuality. Iago also says "devil" in [1,1,9] which plays on the fact that black men in the 16th century were evil and that the devil took form of a black man.

  2. ACT IV-SCENE III- close analysis+ focus on Desdemona and Emilias contrasting views of marriage. ...

    Desdemona's suspicions are then cemented in her singing of the "willow song". However, before examining this, it is important to understand also Emilia's perceptions of marriage. Emilia presents views in this scene which, whilst not quite being up to the standards of a twenty first centaury feminist, would certainly have been revolutionary at the time.

  1. Explore how Othello is led into Believing that Desdemona is Unfaithful

    This reason is clear later in the scene when Iago casually queried about Cassio knowing of Othello's love for Desdemona, "Did Michael Cassio, When you wooed my lady, know of your love?" Iago, although seeming extremely casual, knows that these subtle comments and cunning questions would provoke a reaction from Othello which is exactly what he wants.

  2. Explain how you think Act 3 affects the audience(TM)s feelings about Othello.

    Consequently here he is able to weaken links between Othello and loyal Cassio. Othello can very much, become moulded into the victim of Iago as his strong and sovereign nature is destroyed. This affects the audience very much so as it is a given that we would feel compassion for the tragic hero, Othello.

  1. How does Shakespeare use representation of speech and other dramatic techniques to convey Iago's ...

    For example, Iago uses the metaphor of a ship ?blee?d and clam?d?. A ship is ?bleed and calm?d? when the wind is taken out of it?s sails, and this reflects how Iago feels at being passed over promotion by Othello.

  2. Othello and Desdemonas love at the beginning of the play is built on mutual ...

    Othello?s idiolect turns like his ? he becomes inarticulate, short, blunt and animalistic. [Othello] Is he not honest? [Iago] Honest, my lord? [Othello] Honest? Ay, honest. [III.iii. 103-105] In a scene which sees Iago?s plan set in motion, we see how they are echoing each other?s sentiments and becoming one.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work