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The Purpose of Higher Education Definition Argument Essay

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Lepon Paula Lepon Jason Elznic English Composition I 21 June 2022 The Purpose of Higher Education The purpose of higher education can be numbered down on a list, but its main role is to meet the social and cultural factors, as well as to fulfill the developmental needs of a country. Higher education allows an individual to reach their full potential mentally and professionally. Colleges and universities around the world offer programs that expand from the subjects of health to politics, creating a skilled workforce in a society. Higher education can open doors of opportunities for everyone because it could improve economic prosperity, encourage civic participation, and develop self-actualization behavior. First, higher education is the infrastructure that helps the economy prosper. Up until the twentieth century, higher education was only available to the elites. This seclusion of education created inequality between social classes, and only a few members of society prospered. This all changed “at the beginning of the 20th century, higher education had progressively become available to the masses” (Bonini 2). ...read more.


In a research called “Higher Education’s Democratic Mission” by Thomas and Levine, higher institutions have been claiming that a primary purpose of higher education is to prepare young people to be responsible and informed citizens (Thomas and Levine 154). They refer to the famous quote Thomas Jefferson once stated: “Whenever the people are well-informed, they can be trusted with their own government; that whenever things get so far wrong as to attract their notice, they may be relied on to set them to rights.” This is the basic principle of accountability in a democratic government. The relationship between higher education and democracy was also described by Robert M. Hutchins. He believed that the advancement of a democratic community depends upon the combined intelligence of all citizens (Thomas and Levine 154). Furthermore, the overall impact of college education is shown through a survey on civic skills and engagement in this research. The answers have shown that “college graduates are more involved than community-college graduates, who are more active than non-college graduates” (Thomas and Levine 155). ...read more.


He defined the behavior even further as “fully functioning, fully human, the development of one’s fullest capacities, being, self-fulfillment, self-development, and full valued personality” (Cangemi 151). The results showed that most of the participants were pursuing higher education to help them become more creative, develop intelligent career plans, develop better judgment and wisdom, and numerous other intentions that aimed to the growth of one’s potential. For this reason, higher institutions need to reevaluate their missions to establish their position in the process of self-actualization. The definite purpose of higher education is to help individuals fulfill their potentialities, becoming fully-functioning, independent, career-oriented, and intelligent members of society. In conclusion, the importance of higher education has been linked to economic success, public service to society, and the fulfillment of an individual’s psychological development. This entices a member of society to search for their purpose in life. In this search of oneself through the use of higher education, an individual acquires their full mental potential and professional abilities. These abilities positively influence the actions of others, creating a society where pursuing higher education is the stepping stone to a better life. ...read more.

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