A person is an individual if they can think for themselves. If someone makes their own decisions and knows and shares ideas they have humanity. The thought of being able to think for your self is taken for granted. In 1984 and Brave New World the people are trained and brainwashed to think what the government wants them to think. In 1984 Winston however thinks for himself and knows and shares his own ideas. Winston creates and shares his own ideas through the diary he writes in the hidden area away from the telescreen and “as he put his hand to the doorknob Winston saw that he saw that he had left the diary open on the table. DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER was written all over it.” (Orwell 20) The government arrests and vaporizes those who have their own thoughts and ideas because they want everyone to believe what they want the people to believe. Winston believes that Big Brother is wrong and writes about it in his diary even though the government wants Winston to love Big Brother. With the thoughts and ideas he shares in his journal it makes Winston more human than anyone else in 1984. Although Winston thinks for himself not everyone in Oceana does. The Proles whom Winston thinks "If there was hope, it must lie in the Proles, because only there, in those swarming disregarded masses, eighty-five percent of the population of Oceania, could the force to destroy the Party ever be generated.” (Orwell 135) and are the only chance to get away from the Party and Big Brother. They are not smart enough to have any ideas or thoughts to over power the government. The Proles don’t try in anyway to join the Brotherhood or stand up to Big Brother even though they out number and could over control the government. The government has control over the on-humans but the humans are the ones that try and stand up for themself. John like Winston has his own thoughts. Both have their own individual feelings and each decides from those feeling what they feel is right and what they want to do about it. John has a talk with Mustapha Mond about what John feels and thinks the world should have the "right to be unhappy." Mustapha says it's also "the right to grow old and ugly and impotent; the right to have syphilis and cancer; the right to have too little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what might happen tomorrow..." (Huxley 235) John believes that people should have the right to be unhappy and shouldn’t always be happy. If it were up to John the world would have pain and death. But unlike John, the non-human Mond believes that people should always be happy and should never have to hurt even if those feelings are controlled. Both John and Winston fall to non-humanism in the end when both are forced to give up their individuality. In Brave New World John is the Savage because he wasn’t like everyone else who was born in an incubator without a mother or father that or that was brainwashed to like or do something. Unlike John who is human and makes his own decisions the children are forced as babies too like certain things depending on what class and job they have. Humans think for themselves, the decisions and ideas they have either make them human or non-human.
Both 1984 and Brave New World has conflict between humanism and non-humanism. Characters such as John and Winston make their own decisions, think for themselves and act on emotions and feelings they have proves their individuality in their lives. The individualism can come from anyone such as the Proles and is possible in everyone but some are forced to not be an individual. Both novels have humanity controlled by overpowering governments but both in different ways and beliefs. Each novel has non-humanism defeat humanism even though human characters try to change the government’s force of non-humanism and what feelings are needed for someone to be human and what can prevent someone from being a human.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1986.
Orwell, George. 1984. Orlando: Harcourt Inc., 1977