Bangladesh Flooding 2004 Essay/ Case Study

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Flooding: Bangladesh 2004

Bangladesh is a LEDC (Less Economically Developed Country in central Asia, it boarders with India(Figure. 1), with the most northern regions of Bangladesh being part of the Himalayas mountain range, home to the world largest on land mountain, Mount Everest. This case study is going to look at the causes and effects of the floods which hit Bangladesh in summer 2004 (June – August) along with that the social, economic and environmental impacts.

Where in Bangladesh?

Figure. 1

All regions of Bangladesh were flooded in some way, but the area’s most affected by the monsoon floods were Northern, Rajshanhi and central region, Dhaka. In the central region of Bangladesh is where the capital Dhaka is located and this city was severely affected. Southern regions, Khulna and Chittagong were affected by rising water levels from the Bay of Bengal. (Figure. 1)

Dhaka submerged in flood water

What were the causes of flooding?

As June through to August is monsoon season in Bangladesh, the monsoons brought more rain than usual, although severe floods have happened in the past. With the geophysics of the county, low lying with most of the country only lying a few meters above sea level, so floods are frequent. Bangladesh prepares for major floods every 6 to 10 years after a major flood, but in 2004 the country was caught short of their predictions. There are many explanations to this including the following:

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Himalayan Snows: The Himalayas are a mountain range in central Asia, the peaks of these mountains have snow fall throughout the year and only melt once a year. The Himalayan snows melted faster than usual in 2004 therefore causing a rapid increase of water levels in rivers such as the River Ganges.

Monsoon Season: The monsoon season in Bangladesh brings heavy, persist precipitation, this creates large amounts of surface water and run off causing soil erosion.

Monsoon season

Deforestation: Deforestation is happening throughout Bangladesh but mainly in the region of Dhaka, but also in other countries such ...

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