Development Increases Inequalties within a country. Discuss in the context of one named country

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Development Increases Inequalities within a Country. Discuss in the context of 1 named country

Economic Development is the increase in ones standards of living within the country's population with sustained growth from a simple, low-income economy to a complete opposite, high-income economy. The secondary impact of this Economic Development allows Social Development to take place, as the government is able to increasingly invest in the population’s standard of living. Inequality is the extent of differences between populations or people. In this case, Inequality is the Socio-Economic differential gap within or between populations or individuals.  Although there are inequalities between different nations, there can also be inequalities within a specific country. Italy for example is classified as an MEDC but it still has many people living in poverty. In addition, Development may or may not increase inequalities within Italy.

Development increases economic inequalities. Geographically, The north of Italy brings in more tourists due to the mountains in the Alps and the spatial distances to other countries like France, Monaco and Switzerland. Therefore economically, the tourists who don’t want to travel far can travel to the north of Italy and increase the economic development of this area of Italy. Therefore, over time, the north of Italy becomes increasingly attractive to tourists as it further develops. According to Myrdal in the Core Periphery Model, “ The spatial inequalities are as an integral part of economic development”.  Therefore, as development increases in the core, it will eventually lead to inequalities and the formation of the development gap. A reason why the Mezzogiorno hasn’t been developing is because it has poor accessibility and therefore, there’s a lack of trade, which can help to economically develop the country. Therefore, there is little foreign direct investment. As a result, this region has high levels of unemployment. Since 1994, the Mezzogiorno has lost 2 million jobs in the textile industry due to comparative advantage shift in the north. This meant that mean unemployment rates in Mezzogiorno were above 10% and mean unemployment rates in the north were below 7%. As the levels of unemployment was rising in the south, 80,000 young economically active people migrated out of the south and into the north where there were more jobs and an increase in development. This increase in development meant that the mean GNP per capita in the north was above 20,000€ and the mean GNP per capita in the south was below 15,000€. These factors further increases inequalities between the south and the north of Italy as well as increasing economic development in the north and decreasing economic development in the south.

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Development can also increase inequalities in a social point of view. As development increases in the north, health care facilities get more technically advanced and store more resources, which the patients need.  This helps to increase life expectancy in the north, as there are less ill people and diseases spread less often. As life expectancy increases, the north becomes increasingly attractive to the people living in the south and therefore whole families are more likely to migrate to the north to have a better livelihood. The north experiences a mean infant mortality of ...

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