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Economics Essay on the change of the demographic characteristics of indonesia

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Introduction

Changes in the demographic characteristics of Indonesia during the last 10 years August 15 2011 Name: Tarun Sridhar Grade: 10B Introduction:- Indonesia's population in 1990 was 182 million.17000 islands out of which only 3000 islands are inhabited. Due to proximity of Malaysian/ Singaporean ports patrolling of islands is difficult so control of trade and financial flows are impossible. Java and Madura, account for 50% of the total population making the islands the most densely populated areas in the world. Land in java is more suitable for wet rice cultivation. Java and Sumatra receive abundant rainfall, reasonably well distributed throughout the year. Indonesia is endowed with significant resources such as fish, oil and gas, tin, copper, coal, gold, and the variety of other minerals. Long term success depends on proper management of these resources. The dominant ethnic groups are Javanese concentrated in central and east java, Sudanese pre dominantly in west java and malayo Polynesian groups spread across Sumatra and java islands. People of the Chinese origin account for only about 3 % of the total population but hold more than 80% of the corporate assets. Rate of population growth:- Indonesia happens to be the fourth most populous country in the world behind China, the U.S and India. The population of Indonesia in the year 2000 was 205.1 million. By 2010 it has gone up to 237.6 million, representing an increase of 32.5 million over 10 years at the rate of 1.58% per annum. ...read more.

Middle

The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b. SOURCE: World Health Organization Hospital beds > per 1,000 people 6 per 1,000 people [28th of 149] DEFINITION: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included. View time series SOURCE: WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva Infant mortality rate 36.82 [61st of 179] DEFINITION: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country SOURCE: World Development Indicators database Life expectancy at birth, total ...read more.

Conclusion

Year of2009:- Age Life expectancy rate <1 68.3 1-4 69.4 5-9 66 10-14 61.3 15-19 56.4 20-24 51.8 25-29 47.2 30-34 42.6 35-39 38 40-44 33.5 45-49 29.1 50-54 24.9 55-59 20.9 60-64 17.2 65-69 13.8 70-74 10.8 75-79 8.2 80-84 6 85-89 4.4 90-94 3.2 95-99 2.3 100+ 1.8 4 Year of 2000:- Age Life expectancy rate <1 67.9 1-4 69.7 5-9 66.9 10-14 62.2 15-19 57.4 520-24 52.7 25-29 48 30-34 43.4 35-39 38.7 40-44 34.2 45-49 29.7 50-54 25.4 55-59 21.3 60-64 17.4 65-69 13.9 70-74 10.8 75-79 8.1 80-84 6 85-89 4.3 90-94 3.1 95-99 2.3 100+ 1.8 3 Infant Mortality Rate:- Infant mortality is often associated with health care conditions for nursing during pregnancy as well as the hospital facilities for procedures. The mortality rate was quite high in Indonesia in the years up to 1970, but due to advancement of urbanization and the improvement in medical facilities and awareness, the infant mortality has been declining. Currently we have instances of 36.82 infant deaths under 1 year old in a year per 1000 live births. With increased awareness Conclusion:- The demography of the Indonesian population has changed for the better over the past 10 years. This is in view of the fact that the country has been experiencing good economic growth with political stability in the past decade while the growth in population has been modest. The composition of the population also indicates quite a sizable proportion of young men and women and therefore Indonesia is well poised to sustain its growth momentum and leap forward into the future. ...read more.

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