Effects of Climate Change on monsoon in Bangladesh

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Climate Variability and Change in Bangladesh

The global climate is changing and it is likely to change further over coming decades due to increasing concentrations of ‘greenhouse gases’ in the earth’s atmosphere caused largely by human activities. This will result in greater variations in weather patterns, a greater frequency of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and tropical storms, and gradual rises in average temperatures and sea-levels.  

 Bangladesh is extremely vulnerable to climate change impacts because of its geographical location, high population density, high levels of poverty, and the reliance of many livelihoods on climate-sensitive sectors, particularly rural agriculture andfisheries. These impacts will be falling more heavily on the women and girls of Bangladesh.  

Climate change therefore threatens both previous achievements and future efforts to reduce poverty in Bangladesh to date, particularly by reducing water and food security and damage to essential infrastructure during more frequent disaster events.  

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 Bangladesh has always been vulnerable to climate variability. This is due to its geographical features and location, high influence of monsoon and regional flow patterns, too much water in monsoon and too little water in the dry season, etc. These have significant effects on the socio-economic realities, i.e. population density, inequity and deprivation, poverty and per capita resource endowment, and development practices. The overall impacts on Bangladesh already are and will be significant since climate variability and change will significantly affect the hydrology. The location of the country in the regional setting is in itself an element of vulnerability by ...

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