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AS and A Level: Population & Settlement

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 38
  • Peer Reviewed essays 2
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  5. 21
  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and Evaluate Hardin's 'Lifeboat Ethics'.

    5 star(s)

    Not only are many of the assumptions made by Hardin questionably accurate, the lifeboat metaphor itself is too. Hardin fails to represent the situation and the effects of his proposals as they truly are and his argument remains unconvincing. Indeed, by demonstrating his metaphor to be mistaken, it is possible to provide a better representation of the circumstances. From here, a strong case for helping the poor can be given. Throughout his argument, Hardin draws on his original portrayal of the earth's nations as lifeboats to present a picture of what he terms "the real world". Hardin's major metaphor appears simple but it could be claimed that it is so to the point that it can be considered over-simplistic and unrepresentative.

    • Word count: 1338
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Factors affecting rates of population change across the world.

    5 star(s)

    This development gave the citizens of Italy much improved health care provision, which in turn gave the country a decreased infant mortality rate and a much greater life expectancy. Whilst one would have expected an increase in the growth rates following this decline in infant mortality, as more children survive, the effect was much less clear-cut in Italy. In many other countries where industrialisation was much slower, there was indeed a large increase in rates of population change as infant mortality and death rates decreased whilst birth rates remained high.

    • Word count: 1367
  3. Marked by a teacher

    With reference to examples, evaluate the success of the schemes that have been implemented in an attempt to solve the problems of housing in cities in LEDC's

    5 star(s)

    Also if lower rents were implied the schemes would have been too costly. After the failure of these schemes the organizations implied new schemes and that was the upgrading of the slums by providing one bath and toilet per ten families, one public fountain per twenty families, one street light per 40m of road and one pre school per 200 families. Other schemes were required to be self-financing after, the City, the State or World Bank provided the initial investment through loans and setting up self-help schemes. These schemes encouraged greater community involvement.

    • Word count: 1361
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate the potential impact on individuals, communities and cultures of the changing retail structure of clone towns.

    4 star(s)

    It is easy to say that one should support local, individual retailers, however if they cannot price competitively and offer all of the goods we need it?s natural for people to go to larger chain stores which meet their needs. Communities also benefit from increased employment opportunities provided by larger retail outlets which can afford to hire larger volumes of staff and provide additional employee benefits. For example, a large supermarket like Morrisons can afford to put more money into training their staff and can offer them benefits such as staff discounts which a smaller store may not be able to fund.

    • Word count: 830
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the impacts of UK retirement migration to the Mediterranean on the source and host regions?

    4 star(s)

    The movement abroad also reduces the dependency ratio in Britain as there are less dependent people for the economical active to support and this is a benefit to the source country which is Britain as it reduces the economic burden on the country. However the movement of the elderly population to the Mediterranean also has negative impacts on the source country.

    • Word count: 471
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Case study of infectious disease - malaria and its effects on Kenya.

    4 star(s)

    For this reason it is impossible to know where the first cases of malaria appeared. While the earliest references to a malaria-like illness come from China that is by no means an indication that malaria originated in Asia. (http://www.malariasite.com/malaria/history_parasite.htm) How does the disease spread? Malaria is spread by female mosquitoes. The parasite which causes malaria is found in the female mosquito's saliva. When a person is bitten by a female mosquito, the parasite enters the bloodstream via the mosquito's saliva. However, there are also other ways for malaria to be spread. A pregnant woman can pass malaria onto her baby.

    • Word count: 808
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Does the demographic transition model still provide a 21st century framework for looking at demographical change in countries which are experiencing development? To what extent is the tool really useful or should we make it obsolete?

    4 star(s)

    In stage 3 birth rates fall rapidly, to about 16 per 1000 people, while death rates continue to fall slowly (12 per 1000) to give a slowly increasing population. During stage 4 both birth rates (12-16 per 1000) and death rates (10-12 per 1000) remain low, fluctuating slightly to give a steady population. The 5th stage of the DTM shows an ageing population where birth rate has fallen bellow replacement level; it is the only stage that experiences a decline in population.

    • Word count: 1754
  8. Marked by a teacher

    With reference to a named country, evaluate attempts to manage population change

    4 star(s)

    It was Mechai Viravaidya's plan to promote the use of contraception (formerly seen as a taboo subject) and family planning in order to control population development. The threat of Aids and HIV also became apparent to Viravaidya and the government; this gave him fresh impetus for his scheme. There were many successes of the program; this was attributable to a number of factors. Mechai's creativity helped to gain support such as free drinks after a vasectomy. This coupled with the willingness and openness of the Thai people allowed new ideas to thrive.

    • Word count: 791
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Rebranding in the london docklands: case study

    4 star(s)

    From the information in the photo and also the report, one can deduce that this area, once holding low quality housing for the working class population of the Docklands, has now been transformed into an upmarket residential area offering a home to business men and women who work in the central business district. But, when only moving a small distance, approximately, 2000 feet, one meets an area were regeneration is 'currently in progress' looking closely at figure 1.2, we see at approximately 429 Westferry Road, a large super structure which at one point was a warehouse in the industrial era and now is simply a steel skeletal structure.

    • Word count: 1597
  10. Marked by a teacher

    For my Travel and Tourism coursework I have chosen Marbella as my European destination

    4 star(s)

    Marbella is situated in the Costa del Sol, the Costa del Sol stretches from Almeria to Tarifa. The Costa del Sol is a densely populated coast of Andaluc´┐Ża. It stretches along just over 150 kilometers of Malaga province and is one of Spain's most popular tourist destinations. All year round, people favor its row of fine, sandy beaches and calm Mediterranean waters. The area's mild climate is a major factor in enjoying the beaches and a wide variety of outdoor and water activities year round.

    • Word count: 2710
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Geography Coursework - Introduction - Centre Of Leeds' CBD

    4 star(s)

    In the middle Ages fairs were like markets but they were held only once a year. People would come from all over Yorkshire to buy and sell at a Leeds fair. However many of the people in Leeds made a living from farming. The little town had a population of around 1,000 people as it started around lower Briggate and this is still the CBD today. Over the last several of years Leeds had transformed from a northern industrial centre to one of the most successful vibrant cities in the country as it is thriving in the finance, business and retail sectors as there has been a lot reurbanisation with new flats built in the CBD frame, where it joins the inner city.

    • Word count: 2038
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Britain between 1750-1900

    4 star(s)

    The annual death rate had fallen to 18 deaths per 1000 people and the birth rate was falling too. One reason why population grew was because of the improvement in health and hygiene. People did not know that germs caused disease and they could do little to fight diseases like smallpox, diphtheria, which killed many people. Only simple operations were possible because there were no blood transfusions, and patients often died from infection. But in 1825 little had changed. A vaccination had been developed for smallpox, but there were no other vaccinations or drugs because people still didn't know that germs caused disease.

    • Word count: 1193
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Comparison Between MEDC and LEDC

    4 star(s)

    Lastly is the post industrial stage where the birth rate drops to the same level as the death rate which causes the population to become steady once again. An MEDC would be in stage four or nearing the end of it where and LEDC would be in the early stages. To start the comparisons I will talk about the difference between death rates and birth rates in both types of country. In MEDC the birth rate is low due to wide access to contraception and family planning, women are choosing to pursue a career which leaves them with less time to bear and look after children.

    • Word count: 937
  14. Marked by a teacher

    How successful are the regeneration schemes in Liverpool?

    4 star(s)

    * What have they done to regenerate the Albert Docks-How has it succeeded? Liverpool is situated on the West Coast of Britain, roughly 200 miles north west of London. This is a location where is it and some of the regeneration projects that have been completed. Source: http://www.multimap.com Just under a century and a half ago, the industrial revolution, Liverpool was a thriving port importing and exporting from all over the world. In 1846 The Albert Docks opened and many people came to Liverpool to find jobs and a new home. However, because the docks were too small and the wrong side of the country for trade, they started to decline and by the 1960's they had closed and the population had fallen.

    • Word count: 2937
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Were the Five Year Plans successful?

    4 star(s)

    The 1st FYP was from 1928-32; the target was to double take output in heavy industry, e.g. coal, iron, oil and electricity. Although the targets were not met a substantial industrial growth was achieved. The 2nd FYP emphasised heavy industry but was also to consumer goods. The 3rd FYP emphasised consumer goods but targets were disrupted when Hitler invaded Russia which caused demands and preparation for re-armament for war. After the FYP the growth of industry had increased. The soviet industries had advanced; Russia was now the 2nd biggest industrial power in 1941 and was no longer an easy target for invasion, especially the Germans.

    • Word count: 624
  16. Marked by a teacher

    "Exeter is dealing well with its traffic needs" Discuss.

    4 star(s)

    Exeter has more local train station such as St Thomas train station, but these unlike the two main train stations which have trains which travel all around the country only have trains which travel to closer towns or cities. Exeter's main bus service which is Stagecoach, has many routes which enables you to travel around and just past the outskirts of Exeter, Stagecoach also have a Main bus station in Exeter which also has less frequent buses which travel further to place all around England.

    • Word count: 576
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Mauritius - Case Study Focusing On Population.

    4 star(s)

    At the beginning of the 20th century the growth of population in Mauritius was relatively slow. Between 1940-1970 the population exploded and nearly doubled. The main reasons for this are cited as being a sudden drop in the death rate after the eradication of malaria, and an increase in general healthcare. Normally countries with a good economy will have a drop in birth rates after a drop in death rates, but not in Mauritius for various reasons. For example the main religions on the island - Hinduism, Islam and Catholicism - both opposed the use of contraception.

    • Word count: 624
  18. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the theories Malthus and Boserup on impacts of population growth.

    4 star(s)

    Malthus said that there were only two kinds of checks that limited population growth; Preventative Checks - these are to reduce birth rate. Positive Checks - these are to increase the death rate Malthus had several ways of doing this. Preventative checks, the ways of doing this were; Moral Restraint, the aim of this one was that if you had a smaller family then when wealth was distributed it would be in larger amounts for each family member (this was aimed more towards the wealthier half of the population).

    • Word count: 1041
  19. Marked by a teacher

    Urban microclimate investigation.

    4 star(s)

    Hypothesis: There is a significant relationship between temperature and distance from the CBD of Stourbridge. Null Hypothesis: There is no significant relationship between temperature and distance from the CBD of Stourbridge. Development of a Strategy To prove/disprove the hypothesis of this investigation, temperature data needs to be recorded in the CBD of Stourbridge and in a near by rural area. Data also needs to be collected for points in between to give clearer results. This ought to be done on a straight line running from Stourbridge CBD though the town, out into the suburbs and then into the most rural area possible.

    • Word count: 1020
  20. Marked by a teacher

    Problems In Tokyo.

    4 star(s)

    The local administration has to cope with its citizens' "NIMBY" (Not-In-My-Back-Yard) attitudes. The average weight of daily waste per person has almost doubled in the past two decades, and in the metropolitan areas is twice as great as that in the metropolitan areas. In Tokyo, 1.1-1.3 kg of waste per person has to be collected daily. In the city of Tokyo alone, two-thirds of the total waste (2.6 million tons per year) is processed (burnt), while the other one-third is used for landfill in the Bay.

    • Word count: 1280
  21. Marked by a teacher

    Central Business District (Cbd) Investigation

    4 star(s)

    Large businesses exist here since they are the only ones able to afford the high land values and rents. The inner city is the 2nd zone in the burgess model. This zone represents old industry established at the birth of the city. The third zone is known as the "Low-class residential" which is located in the inner city close to the old industries. This was because the poor who worked in these industries had to be local. The medium class residential represents the penultimate zone. This is more expensive housing catering for the moderately wealthy populace. The final zone is the high class residential located in the rural urban fringe.

    • Word count: 1110
  22. Marked by a teacher

    How Do Human and Natural Factors Affect the Global Population Distribution?

    4 star(s)

    These basic factors that were there 100's of years ago influenced where people live now. The area grew as resources got better and better and London eventually became what it is today. One of the main factors affecting where people settle is the relief of the land. People tend to settle in areas with low lying, flat land a good example of an area like this is The Netherlands, the land is completely flat and therefor it is highly populated. Areas though that are steep and rugged are a lot less likely to attract people, there are hard to access and facilities are difficult to build on them.

    • Word count: 1552
  23. Marked by a teacher

    Suggest why some areas need re-branding

    3 star(s)

    of cheaper labour in places like East Asia and so on, more and more factories where these companies used to make their products are closing down for this reason and so leaving behind a so called ?brownfield site?, which firstly looks ugly and eventually ruins the environment around as there is a possibility that chemicals and/or waste from the factories could make its way into the environment, contaminating nature around it.

    • Word count: 457
  24. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the impacts of the influx of foreigners and immigrants into Singapore.

    3 star(s)

    The question to be asked is this, are enough jobs being created for this influx in the present? If not, then we have a situation where an increasing pool of people is competing for a fixed number of jobs. Artificial and rapid population boosts without a proportional increase in jobs will lead to detrimental side effects such as depressed wages, lowered quality of life and lack of social well being. Foreigners who are semi-skilled and semi-professional do not bring anything extraordinary to Singapore that cannot be found locally. These foreigners end up competing with the local Singaporeans on what has traditionally been their economic turf.

    • Word count: 677
  25. Marked by a teacher

    With reference to one recent major international conflict, access and analyse the geographical impacts of the conflict on the area(s) involved. Israel and Palestine.

    3 star(s)

    Many Jews moved there before Israel's declaration to start new lives and set up communities after fleeing Russia. Approximately 20% of the Israeli population are Arabs, who are mainly descendents of Palestinians who previously lived in the country before it became Israel. The Palestinians are mainly Muslim Arabs although a small number are Christians. Unlike the Israelis, the Palestinians do not have a country which they can call their own. They come from Palestine, which was mostly given to Israel in 1948. What remains is the Gaza Strip, which was captured from Egypt, and the West Bank, captured from Jordan.

    • Word count: 1159

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Referring to contemporary debates about development in East London, discuss the problems of assessing the success and failure of redevelopment through the use of available statistics.

    "Having studied these arguments, it is without a doubt extremely difficult to come to a standard, straightforward conclusion as to the success or the failure of regeneration in east London. The debates that arise over the actual need and appropriateness of some of the changes in the region that the LDDC once surveyed are still very much open, despite evidence to suggest great achievement in some sectors. Indeed, there are concerns about the paths that were followed in the hope of regeneration. The LDDC has now been disposed of, but issues may still be raised as to its equity and democratic responsibility."

  • Famine and hunger have human, not physical, causes. Discuss this.

    "To conclude, famine and hunger are not only cause by human problems, but they also have physical causes behind them. However, the problems in food production caused by physical factors have been magnified by human factors. Countries in Africa and Asia, namely LEDCs, are overwhelmed by the problems brought about by physical causes, as they do not have the money and technology to overcome these causes. However, human causes including social and economic problems have been no help in improving the situation, but have simply worsened it."

  • With Reference To Several Contrasting Cities, Discuss The Challenges And Solutions Of Managing The Urban Environment

    "In conclusion I would say both LEDC's and MEDC's have the same problems but some are on a larger scale than others for example LEDC's have a large housing problem compared to MEDC's. Most of the problems can be solved successful if the government is willing to put in the time, effort and money and the public is willing to co-operate."

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