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AS and A Level: Population & Settlement

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 38
  • Peer Reviewed essays 2
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate the potential impact on individuals, communities and cultures of the changing retail structure of clone towns.

    4 star(s)

    It is easy to say that one should support local, individual retailers, however if they cannot price competitively and offer all of the goods we need it?s natural for people to go to larger chain stores which meet their needs. Communities also benefit from increased employment opportunities provided by larger retail outlets which can afford to hire larger volumes of staff and provide additional employee benefits. For example, a large supermarket like Morrisons can afford to put more money into training their staff and can offer them benefits such as staff discounts which a smaller store may not be able to fund.

    • Word count: 830
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the impacts of UK retirement migration to the Mediterranean on the source and host regions?

    4 star(s)

    The movement abroad also reduces the dependency ratio in Britain as there are less dependent people for the economical active to support and this is a benefit to the source country which is Britain as it reduces the economic burden on the country. However the movement of the elderly population to the Mediterranean also has negative impacts on the source country.

    • Word count: 471
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Case study of infectious disease - malaria and its effects on Kenya.

    4 star(s)

    For this reason it is impossible to know where the first cases of malaria appeared. While the earliest references to a malaria-like illness come from China that is by no means an indication that malaria originated in Asia. (http://www.malariasite.com/malaria/history_parasite.htm) How does the disease spread? Malaria is spread by female mosquitoes. The parasite which causes malaria is found in the female mosquito's saliva. When a person is bitten by a female mosquito, the parasite enters the bloodstream via the mosquito's saliva. However, there are also other ways for malaria to be spread. A pregnant woman can pass malaria onto her baby.

    • Word count: 808
  4. Marked by a teacher

    With reference to a named country, evaluate attempts to manage population change

    4 star(s)

    It was Mechai Viravaidya's plan to promote the use of contraception (formerly seen as a taboo subject) and family planning in order to control population development. The threat of Aids and HIV also became apparent to Viravaidya and the government; this gave him fresh impetus for his scheme. There were many successes of the program; this was attributable to a number of factors. Mechai's creativity helped to gain support such as free drinks after a vasectomy. This coupled with the willingness and openness of the Thai people allowed new ideas to thrive.

    • Word count: 791
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Comparison Between MEDC and LEDC

    4 star(s)

    Lastly is the post industrial stage where the birth rate drops to the same level as the death rate which causes the population to become steady once again. An MEDC would be in stage four or nearing the end of it where and LEDC would be in the early stages. To start the comparisons I will talk about the difference between death rates and birth rates in both types of country. In MEDC the birth rate is low due to wide access to contraception and family planning, women are choosing to pursue a career which leaves them with less time to bear and look after children.

    • Word count: 937
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Were the Five Year Plans successful?

    4 star(s)

    The 1st FYP was from 1928-32; the target was to double take output in heavy industry, e.g. coal, iron, oil and electricity. Although the targets were not met a substantial industrial growth was achieved. The 2nd FYP emphasised heavy industry but was also to consumer goods. The 3rd FYP emphasised consumer goods but targets were disrupted when Hitler invaded Russia which caused demands and preparation for re-armament for war. After the FYP the growth of industry had increased. The soviet industries had advanced; Russia was now the 2nd biggest industrial power in 1941 and was no longer an easy target for invasion, especially the Germans.

    • Word count: 624
  7. Marked by a teacher

    "Exeter is dealing well with its traffic needs" Discuss.

    4 star(s)

    Exeter has more local train station such as St Thomas train station, but these unlike the two main train stations which have trains which travel all around the country only have trains which travel to closer towns or cities. Exeter's main bus service which is Stagecoach, has many routes which enables you to travel around and just past the outskirts of Exeter, Stagecoach also have a Main bus station in Exeter which also has less frequent buses which travel further to place all around England.

    • Word count: 576
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Mauritius - Case Study Focusing On Population.

    4 star(s)

    At the beginning of the 20th century the growth of population in Mauritius was relatively slow. Between 1940-1970 the population exploded and nearly doubled. The main reasons for this are cited as being a sudden drop in the death rate after the eradication of malaria, and an increase in general healthcare. Normally countries with a good economy will have a drop in birth rates after a drop in death rates, but not in Mauritius for various reasons. For example the main religions on the island - Hinduism, Islam and Catholicism - both opposed the use of contraception.

    • Word count: 624
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Suggest why some areas need re-branding

    3 star(s)

    of cheaper labour in places like East Asia and so on, more and more factories where these companies used to make their products are closing down for this reason and so leaving behind a so called ?brownfield site?, which firstly looks ugly and eventually ruins the environment around as there is a possibility that chemicals and/or waste from the factories could make its way into the environment, contaminating nature around it.

    • Word count: 457
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the impacts of the influx of foreigners and immigrants into Singapore.

    3 star(s)

    The question to be asked is this, are enough jobs being created for this influx in the present? If not, then we have a situation where an increasing pool of people is competing for a fixed number of jobs. Artificial and rapid population boosts without a proportional increase in jobs will lead to detrimental side effects such as depressed wages, lowered quality of life and lack of social well being. Foreigners who are semi-skilled and semi-professional do not bring anything extraordinary to Singapore that cannot be found locally. These foreigners end up competing with the local Singaporeans on what has traditionally been their economic turf.

    • Word count: 677
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Natural resources- Exam questions

    3 star(s)

    There are 3 Main types of resources these are: Natural resources, Human resources and Capital/Material resources. We can assume that there is an extent to which natural resources are essential to a countries economic development. There are numerous examples where this extent is shown, the first being the Middle East. The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, the oil industry dominant the area's economy. Between 30 and 40% of the entire world's energy comes from oil and Over half the world's oil is in the Middle East. Countries with carbon-based economies and lifestyles or with few or no fossil fuels of there own are dependent on the region for exports.

    • Word count: 999
  12. Marked by a teacher

    The problems of Glasgow's inner city

    3 star(s)

    Everything changed towards the 20th century mainly because of the two world wars. The city's industry stopped producing so much money and there was a high number of unemployment. There were no work for years. The city was a disaster, large areas of housing in the city were among the worst in Britain. The quality of employment declined. Skilled steel workers are out of job and working on the River Clyde was hard work which never paid enough. People were living in slum conditions. The old Victorian houses were wearing out and were beyond repair.

    • Word count: 858
  13. Marked by a teacher

    The Demographic Transition Model.

    3 star(s)

    die at birth.Poor contraception methods result in many though fatal births due to sexually transmitted diseases such as Aids, Herpes, Gonorrhea etc Many children die in infancy and people tend to produce more children to counter the deaths .Family planning methods are not applied in these society due to lack of knowledge ad a growing need for children to labour and help the families most of which are subsistence farmers.In most of these societies children are highly regarded and larger families are encouraged as in Catholics,Hindus and Muslims.Births are therefore as high as the deaths and the population hardly increases and an example of such countries would be Ethiopia and Bangladesh.

    • Word count: 926
  14. Marked by a teacher

    To What Extent is the Pattern of Population Distribution in Countries of the LEDW more linked to Physical Conditions than to Economic Conditions?

    3 star(s)

    However the situation in Nicaragua was a climatic condition not a physical one. I will now look at two countries in the LEDW that have both physical and economical factors that link to the pattern of population distribution. In countries such as Brazil the rainforest is a huge physical feature that takes up almost two thirds of the country. So millions of people locate in and around Cities such as Rio de Janeiro, and Sao Paulo. This causes the infamous shanty towns or Favelas to spring up all around the cities. The people who have relocated to the Favelas also moved there because they believed the city to be an area where there were many jobs and the pay was good.

    • Word count: 654
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Britain's aging population

    3 star(s)

    The figures show a forecast for the years to come, increasing by twenty years each time. Nearly all the way through the UK is shown to be the highest; this is due to the baby boom of the fifties and sixties. The official years of the Baby Boom Generation (1946 through 1964) saw a marked increase in the number of births in the world. Here's how the birth rate rose and fell during the baby boom years in America: 1940 - 2,559,000 births per year 1946 - 3,311,000 births per year 1955 - 4,097,000 births per year 1957 - 4,300,000

    • Word count: 746
  16. Marked by a teacher

    How far do physical factors affect global population distribution?

    3 star(s)

    Examples of countries with very large populations are India and China. 2 in 6 people across the globe are either Indian or Chinese! However, in a country such as Afghanistan this population density is much lower. We will first study the physical factors that affect population. We will begin with climate. Average Annual Temperatures are important factors of population distribution. If the weather is too hot or too cold, people won't be able to live there. However, if there are no extremes of climate like this, countries are more likely to do well.

    • Word count: 499
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Urban problems of London.

    The suburbs and the rural -urban fringe face problems such as crime burglary and rising expensive housing. The inner city has to deal with the most social problems. The economic problems that the CBD faces are high land values, which mean high rates and rent for companies. The price for houses and flats are pricey, allot of time is lost by traffic congestion. Once again the inner city has to face the most economic problems, the problems are lack of jobs, high unemployment, lower paid jobs.

    • Word count: 541
  18. Peer reviewed

    With reference to examples, discuss the overall effectiveness of urban regeneration schemes

    4 star(s)

    Liverpool is the only urban area in the UK which can claim to have been host to every major urban regeneration policy experiment introduced in the past 35 years. One particular scheme was The Eldonians which was an attempt at creating a sustainable community. The Eldonians is a community run redevelopment situated on the site of an old sugar refinery in the Vauxhall area of Liverpool. The Eldonian village is a housing cooperative built in 1983 as a response by local residents to the news that their housing was to be demolished and the community was to be split up and moved to different areas of Liverpool.

    • Word count: 821
  19. Peer reviewed

    Mumbai (formerly Bombay); is widely known as the slum capital of the Asia. These slums have existed in Mumbai since the time of the forts. Dating back to the early 1900s, slums were predominantly found around the mills

    3 star(s)

    The birth of slums was a response to the increasing population. The poor capacity of housing facilities in the city is a major drawback. People are drawn to the city due to the major disputes between the urban and rural income rates. There are other reasons to the fast growing formation of slums in the city of Mumbai. As the population grew, it took over land that was used for traditional purposes. Those driven out of their villages resorted to living places even worse than before. However, some of the villages have become slums over the years, such as 'Dharavi'.

    • Word count: 822
  20. Free essay

    Assess the impact of out-of-town centre retailing areas on the regions in which they occur.

    This means it is more profitable for companies to buy land in these out-of-town areas as they get a lot more money overall as the rental is cheaper and business is still good as lots of shoppers are constantly there using the facilities. A comparison for this can be seen between Oxford Street in London and Meadowhall shopping centre in Sheffield. Oxford Street costs �4400 per square metre per year and Sheffield's Meadowhall only costs �217 per square metre per year.

    • Word count: 877
  21. The effects of Turkish labour migration to Germany

    Mainly due to the fact that; at the end of WWII, The population of places like Cologne, Germany's fourth largest city, was reduced from 768,000 to less than 250,000. And because of this industrial output was at a standstill, and German currency was practically worthless. Therefore the recruitment of workers from Turkey was one of the easiest solutions. However this mass migration of people of Turkish origin has big impacts on Germany. Firstly, the social implications, these include the fact that Turks are perceived as the 'most foreign' group in Germany and are regularly discriminated against.

    • Word count: 643
  22. China -the aims and effects of the one child policy

    It encouraged the country to reduce the birth rate by the slogan 'wan-xi-shao' which called for later marriages, longer gaps between children and fewer children. However, this policy was not effective enough, and the population continued increasing and did not follow the pattern of the DTM (demographic transition model). This then led the government to introduce the one-child policy in 1979, which set strict limits on the number of children that a couple were allowed to have. In order to further enforce this policy; strong pressure was put on women to use contraceptives (e.g.

    • Word count: 925
  23. International Migration. Many people now are internationally migrating (moving country to country). Mexico (the source country) is moving to the USA (the host country).

    The lack of education has caused a literacy rate of 89%. In Mexico there are not different types of jobs which means people with a lack of education have not got jobs that can be suitable for the needs and for those who have got an education, there are not many jobs for them. The main work that takes place in Mexico is farming. The average salary for Mexico is $6000 per year. There are also many Earthquakes that take place in Mexico which kills many people and loses their homes and family.

    • Word count: 611
  24. The world is becoming smaller due to the advances in technology and transport. Many natural barriers divided the world before advances in transport were made,

    Americans explored the Mediterranean and North Africa. In 1942 Columbus discovered a new world to the west whilst looking for a shorter trade route to the east. In 1519 it took Magellan 3 years to sail around the globe and prove was round. The elimination of the water and desert barriers made the world smaller, people could travel further but not very fast. The use of steam as power began in the late 1800's at the start of the industrial revolution.

    • Word count: 640
  25. Changes to the UK population. Changes to the population age structure in the UK have been caused by social and economic factors. The social factors affecting the population age include healthcare, lifestyle, education and migration.

    Globalisation has caused most manufacturing and dangerous jobs like mining to move overseas. There are now more people in the UK working in almost risk free office environment, this has again increased life expectancy. Sex education has now become compulsory to teach in British schools, this means that teenagers are more aware of the risk of underage sex and early pregnancy. In 1961 oral contraceptive pills became legal, this was followed by abortion becoming legal.

    • Word count: 546

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Referring to contemporary debates about development in East London, discuss the problems of assessing the success and failure of redevelopment through the use of available statistics.

    "Having studied these arguments, it is without a doubt extremely difficult to come to a standard, straightforward conclusion as to the success or the failure of regeneration in east London. The debates that arise over the actual need and appropriateness of some of the changes in the region that the LDDC once surveyed are still very much open, despite evidence to suggest great achievement in some sectors. Indeed, there are concerns about the paths that were followed in the hope of regeneration. The LDDC has now been disposed of, but issues may still be raised as to its equity and democratic responsibility."

  • Famine and hunger have human, not physical, causes. Discuss this.

    "To conclude, famine and hunger are not only cause by human problems, but they also have physical causes behind them. However, the problems in food production caused by physical factors have been magnified by human factors. Countries in Africa and Asia, namely LEDCs, are overwhelmed by the problems brought about by physical causes, as they do not have the money and technology to overcome these causes. However, human causes including social and economic problems have been no help in improving the situation, but have simply worsened it."

  • With Reference To Several Contrasting Cities, Discuss The Challenges And Solutions Of Managing The Urban Environment

    "In conclusion I would say both LEDC's and MEDC's have the same problems but some are on a larger scale than others for example LEDC's have a large housing problem compared to MEDC's. Most of the problems can be solved successful if the government is willing to put in the time, effort and money and the public is willing to co-operate."

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