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AS and A Level: Population & Settlement

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Urban problems are the same the world over and require the same solutions To what extent do you agree with this view?

    3 star(s)

    The main housing problems stem from the overpopulation in the cities as people have nowhere to live so set up shanty towns and squatter settlements wherever space is available. This is why favelas in Mexico City have become such as a problem. As the cities are becoming a much more appealing place for things such as work, education and facilities, rural to urban migration in countries where LEDC's are developing most rapidly, such as Mexico City, is making the problem for housing in these cities much greater.

    • Word count: 1540
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Natural resources- Exam questions

    3 star(s)

    There are 3 Main types of resources these are: Natural resources, Human resources and Capital/Material resources. We can assume that there is an extent to which natural resources are essential to a countries economic development. There are numerous examples where this extent is shown, the first being the Middle East. The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, the oil industry dominant the area's economy. Between 30 and 40% of the entire world's energy comes from oil and Over half the world's oil is in the Middle East. Countries with carbon-based economies and lifestyles or with few or no fossil fuels of there own are dependent on the region for exports.

    • Word count: 999
  3. Marked by a teacher

    The problems of Glasgow's inner city

    3 star(s)

    Everything changed towards the 20th century mainly because of the two world wars. The city's industry stopped producing so much money and there was a high number of unemployment. There were no work for years. The city was a disaster, large areas of housing in the city were among the worst in Britain. The quality of employment declined. Skilled steel workers are out of job and working on the River Clyde was hard work which never paid enough. People were living in slum conditions. The old Victorian houses were wearing out and were beyond repair.

    • Word count: 858
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Why was Russia such a backward country in the end of the 19th century?

    3 star(s)

    Even though there was greater access to lands, the peasants became more empoverished, especially in the black soil provinces of the south where the holdings of ex-serfs fell by about 25%. The empoverishment grew also from the loss of many customary rights to woodland and to common pasture. The virtual doubling of peasant population from 68 million in 1859 to 125 million in 1897 resulted in many people becoming landless and unemployed as they were not further instructed. The rural areas in Russia were not apt for a radical change in the social and economic structures as the State, ebing bankrupt, could not afford to train the peasants in new farming methods, thus not allowing industrialization to occur.

    • Word count: 1034
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Describe the global growth and geographical distribution of human population. Discuss the impacts that this growth has on both land and water resources?

    3 star(s)

    Such advancements have enabled crude mortality rates to decrease and life expectancy to increase in many parts of the developed world. Fig 1.0 United Nations predicted World Population related to main fertility Cycles 1950 - 2050 It is a crude fact that people are living longer and that there has never before been so many young people globally. It is also true that most of the worlds population growth is from developing countries. In the developed world the rapid growth in global population has been recognised and a need to manage it has arisen.

    • Word count: 1458
  6. Marked by a teacher

    The Demographic Transition Model.

    3 star(s)

    die at birth.Poor contraception methods result in many though fatal births due to sexually transmitted diseases such as Aids, Herpes, Gonorrhea etc Many children die in infancy and people tend to produce more children to counter the deaths .Family planning methods are not applied in these society due to lack of knowledge ad a growing need for children to labour and help the families most of which are subsistence farmers.In most of these societies children are highly regarded and larger families are encouraged as in Catholics,Hindus and Muslims.Births are therefore as high as the deaths and the population hardly increases and an example of such countries would be Ethiopia and Bangladesh.

    • Word count: 926
  7. Marked by a teacher

    To What Extent is the Pattern of Population Distribution in Countries of the LEDW more linked to Physical Conditions than to Economic Conditions?

    3 star(s)

    However the situation in Nicaragua was a climatic condition not a physical one. I will now look at two countries in the LEDW that have both physical and economical factors that link to the pattern of population distribution. In countries such as Brazil the rainforest is a huge physical feature that takes up almost two thirds of the country. So millions of people locate in and around Cities such as Rio de Janeiro, and Sao Paulo. This causes the infamous shanty towns or Favelas to spring up all around the cities. The people who have relocated to the Favelas also moved there because they believed the city to be an area where there were many jobs and the pay was good.

    • Word count: 654
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Britain's aging population

    3 star(s)

    The figures show a forecast for the years to come, increasing by twenty years each time. Nearly all the way through the UK is shown to be the highest; this is due to the baby boom of the fifties and sixties. The official years of the Baby Boom Generation (1946 through 1964) saw a marked increase in the number of births in the world. Here's how the birth rate rose and fell during the baby boom years in America: 1940 - 2,559,000 births per year 1946 - 3,311,000 births per year 1955 - 4,097,000 births per year 1957 - 4,300,000

    • Word count: 746
  9. Marked by a teacher

    How far do physical factors affect global population distribution?

    3 star(s)

    Examples of countries with very large populations are India and China. 2 in 6 people across the globe are either Indian or Chinese! However, in a country such as Afghanistan this population density is much lower. We will first study the physical factors that affect population. We will begin with climate. Average Annual Temperatures are important factors of population distribution. If the weather is too hot or too cold, people won't be able to live there. However, if there are no extremes of climate like this, countries are more likely to do well.

    • Word count: 499
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Analyse the economic, environmental, social and demographic impacts of migration at both the origin and destination of migrants.

    3 star(s)

    As a result of this, agriculturally based work opportunities are declining as farms become even larger and more mechanised. Local housing becomes too expensive for local people and is bought by commuters. Demand for local services such as local shop and post office can cause them to close and people have to travel to urban areas making living in the country side more expensive. These effects work both ways however. The effect on those moving from rural to urban locations can be very beneficial.

    • Word count: 1853
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Urban problems of London.

    The suburbs and the rural -urban fringe face problems such as crime burglary and rising expensive housing. The inner city has to deal with the most social problems. The economic problems that the CBD faces are high land values, which mean high rates and rent for companies. The price for houses and flats are pricey, allot of time is lost by traffic congestion. Once again the inner city has to face the most economic problems, the problems are lack of jobs, high unemployment, lower paid jobs.

    • Word count: 541
  12. Peer reviewed

    With reference to examples, discuss the overall effectiveness of urban regeneration schemes

    4 star(s)

    Liverpool is the only urban area in the UK which can claim to have been host to every major urban regeneration policy experiment introduced in the past 35 years. One particular scheme was The Eldonians which was an attempt at creating a sustainable community. The Eldonians is a community run redevelopment situated on the site of an old sugar refinery in the Vauxhall area of Liverpool. The Eldonian village is a housing cooperative built in 1983 as a response by local residents to the news that their housing was to be demolished and the community was to be split up and moved to different areas of Liverpool.

    • Word count: 821
  13. Peer reviewed

    Mumbai (formerly Bombay); is widely known as the slum capital of the Asia. These slums have existed in Mumbai since the time of the forts. Dating back to the early 1900s, slums were predominantly found around the mills

    3 star(s)

    The birth of slums was a response to the increasing population. The poor capacity of housing facilities in the city is a major drawback. People are drawn to the city due to the major disputes between the urban and rural income rates. There are other reasons to the fast growing formation of slums in the city of Mumbai. As the population grew, it took over land that was used for traditional purposes. Those driven out of their villages resorted to living places even worse than before. However, some of the villages have become slums over the years, such as 'Dharavi'.

    • Word count: 822
  14. With reference to transport management in Urban areas discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved

    The management of transport has been attempted in many countries throughout the world. Exmaples I will be using in this essay include Nottingham, Cambridge and London with comparisons to an LEDC example in Curitiba, Brazil. These case studies have all tried to achieve susbtainability in their transport systems in different ways and they have varied in terms of their success. An example of an MEDC city which has redesigned its transport schemes is Cambridge. The local council aimed to provide a high quality alternative mode of transport to car use on the congested A14 corridor.

    • Word count: 2268
  15. Multiculturalism in Leicester. Out of all the cities in the UK Leicester is the most culturally diverse and its not ashamed to let it be known

    The local government instead of becoming intolerant of the immigrant influx have defined the mix of races and religion in the city as one of their defining features. They believe the multiculturalism widens the experience of living introducing new arts, music, architecture, fashion and food and therefore aim to support the community relations. Throughout the city religious places of worship have been built to help accommodate the new comers. Leicester plays a huge role in accommodating refugees and asylum seekers who come to the UK following persecution in other countries.

    • Word count: 889
  16. Free essay

    With reference to one or more schemes, describe the contrasting health care approaches used in wealthy and poor countries.

    This means that countries have to take different health care approaches depending on the money available. Because of this, there are many different types of health care; emergent, pluralistic, socialised, and the health care approach we have in the UK, insurance/social security. In LEDCS, the main barrier to improving health care is the lack of money, as well as the difficulty that is brought with getting health care to remote populations and the lack of skilled medical professionals. In an attempt to provide health care despite these problems, LEDCs focus on treating people who suffer from diseases.

    • Word count: 601
  17. Free essay

    Factors affecting birth rates in countries with different levels of development.

    In some cultures and traditions, women are seen as worthless until they provide a child. In cultures where women have the choice to control their lives and regulate their birth rates, they do so through contraception or marrying at a later age. The World Fertility Survey shows that women with at least 7 years education, who work outside the home and who marry later show a reduction in fertility. Another factor is the level of education and affluence because the more educated women are in terms of fertility and a method to prevent childbirth, the more likely a country is to be able to control its birth rate.

    • Word count: 783
  18. Patterns of food and drink choices across the USA

    2. Rum- East Coast (arrives from Caribbean) 3. Canadian Whiskey- communities close to Canada b. Snacks 1. Pork Rinds- South (more hogs raised) 2. Popcorn & Potato Chips- Northerners (grows corn & potatoes) 4. Cultural backgrounds affect amount & types of alcohol &snack foods consumed a. Alcohol consumption- relates to religious backgrounds & income/advertising 1. Baptists & Mormons drink less than other religions 2. Baptists concentrated around SE & Mormons in Utah- relatively low consumption rates 3. Nevada has high rate- heavy concentration of gambling and other resort activities b. Snacks 1. Texans- tortilla chips- large # of Hispanic Americans 2.

    • Word count: 521
  19. Case Study of Rural Rebranding of Blaenau Ffestiniog

    Both of the lists may get bigger, especially from other towns, competing for sales and people. A rebranding scheme a) One of the physical changes proposed was the Diffwys Square/Train Station Area. Here, they were meant to create a wide flight of steps connecting the town centre to the station area and removing part of the wall, which was blocking visibility. In the square; they were meant to bring the axis to life and reveal the history of site. Also they were meant to add street furniture, a car parking layout and pedestrian routes.

    • Word count: 1703
  20. Case Study of Deprivation in a Rural Area - Cornwall

    Deprivation caused by low wages Deprivation means a lack of something. Deprivation can be measured using average wages, and, in rural area, they tend to be lower than in urban areas. Cornwall has the lowest weekly wages in Britain (�329.30 in 2005 - 25% below the UK average), and the gap between it and the rest of Britain is getting wider. Within Cornwall, the poorest borough is North Cornwall (the average weekly wage is �307.60 in 2005). Decline in the rural economy Why are rural areas in crisis?

    • Word count: 2435
  21. Evaluation of the ideas of Malthus on overpopulation.

    Today, according to the books The ultimate resource (1981) and The ultimate resource II (1996), by J.L Simon, Malthus's foresee, of course, was wrong. To Simon, Malthus could have never imagined that science and innovative agricultural technology have continued to allow the world to generate more then enough food. Simon explained the contributed factors such as the mechanization of work like tractors, the introduction of high yield varieties of wheat and other plants and pesticide known as the Green Revolution, in addition to the over all improvement of farming techniques, making food abundantly enough to feed the world.

    • Word count: 1082
  22. The conflict at Dale Farm in Crays Hill, Essex is predominantly over territory. There are factors of culture and ethnicity that could be included, as the conflict has progressed, but it originated over territory. The conflict originated between 19

    voted 28 to 10 to forcible evict 86 families from Dale Farm. The eviction was to take place from 19th September onwards. BBC withdrew from negotiations with the travellers and omitted to assisting to locate suitable alternative land. This is a conflict that is relatively complicated with court decisions changing from one day to the next, and has spread over such a long period of time. In 2007, the conflict even became the subject of the Judicial Renew Proceedings and was heard in 2008. The Travellers have used many arguments in an attempt to prevent the eviction from the site.

    • Word count: 1645
  23. Managing Population Growth. The History of Singapores Child Policy

    After the Second World War, the birth rate of Singapore increased, like in nearly other country. In the Second World War, Singapore was till 1942 British colony and the major military base of the United Kingdom in South East Asia. In 1942 the Japanese occupied Singapore in just seven days. England's Prime Minister Winston Churchill called the fall of the "Impregnable Fortress" the "worst disaster" and "largest capitulation" in British History. From 1942 to 1945 Singapore was occupied by the Japanese. During this time a lot of the Chinese and rich men were executed by the Japanese.

    • Word count: 1031
  24. Free essay

    Assess the impact of out-of-town centre retailing areas on the regions in which they occur.

    This means it is more profitable for companies to buy land in these out-of-town areas as they get a lot more money overall as the rental is cheaper and business is still good as lots of shoppers are constantly there using the facilities. A comparison for this can be seen between Oxford Street in London and Meadowhall shopping centre in Sheffield. Oxford Street costs �4400 per square metre per year and Sheffield's Meadowhall only costs �217 per square metre per year.

    • Word count: 877
  25. The effects of Turkish labour migration to Germany

    Mainly due to the fact that; at the end of WWII, The population of places like Cologne, Germany's fourth largest city, was reduced from 768,000 to less than 250,000. And because of this industrial output was at a standstill, and German currency was practically worthless. Therefore the recruitment of workers from Turkey was one of the easiest solutions. However this mass migration of people of Turkish origin has big impacts on Germany. Firstly, the social implications, these include the fact that Turks are perceived as the 'most foreign' group in Germany and are regularly discriminated against.

    • Word count: 643

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